Cedar Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne

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Cedar Mill
Cedar Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne 0001.png
Cedar Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne is located in Greater Manchester
Cedar Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne
Location within Greater Manchester
Cotton
Spinning (ring mill)
Location Hurst, Ashton-under-Lyne
Serving railway Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway
Owner Cedar Mill Company Ltd
Further ownership
Coordinates 53°29′51″N 2°04′52″W / 53.4975°N 2.0810°W / 53.4975; -2.0810
Construction
Built 1903
Completed July 1905
Demolished 1988?
Floor count 5
Design team
Architect Sidney Stott of Oldham
Power
Date 1905
Engine maker George Saxon & Co
Engine type Vertical Triple Expansion
Valve Gear Corliss
rpm 75
Flywheel diameter 22 ft
Transmission type ropes
No. of ropes 28
Boiler configuration
Boilers Four Lancashire, coal fired
Pressure 120
Equipment
Mule Frames 77,184 spindles
References
Haynes 1987, p. 51

Cedar Mill was a cotton spinning mill in the Hurst area of Ashton-under-Lyne, Greater Manchester, in England. It was built between 1903 and 1905 for the Ashton Syndicate by Sydney Stott of Oldham. It was the last mill in Ashton spinning cotton. It ceased in the 1970. It was demolished and the land was used for housing.[1]

Location[edit]

Cedar mill was built on Alderley Street, Hurst, to the north of Ashton.

History[edit]

The Minerva Spinning Company Limited was registered in 1891 to build the Minerva Mill at Whitelands. The directors were Messrs Barlow, Marland, Coop, Newton, Pollitt and Pownall; they were later referred to as the Ashton syndicate. The syndicate went on to build the Rock Mill, Atlas Mill, Curzon Mill and the Tudor Mill. Cedar Mill was built with a capital of 70,000 GBP. It was their sixth mill. It installed its machinery in July 1905. The Cedar Mill Company went into voluntary liquidation 7 January 1921 became part of the Atlas Mills Limited.The final mill built by the syndicate was Texas Mill.

The cotton industry peaked in 1912 when it produced 8 billion yards of cloth. The great war of 1914–1918 halted the supply of raw cotton, and the British government encouraged its colonys to build mills to spin and weave cotton. The war over, Lancashire never regained its markets. The independent mills were struggling. The Bank of England set up the Lancashire Cotton Corporation in 1929 to attempt to rationalise and save the industry. Atlas Mills Limited was taken over by the LCC in 1929. Thus, Cedar Mill was one of 104 mills brought into LCC ownership, and one of the 53 mills that survived through to 1950.[2] Ownership passed to Courtaulds Northern Textiles in the 1960s and it was still spinning cotton in the 1970s, making it the last cotton spinning mill in Ashton. [3]

Architecture[edit]

This was a Sydney Stott building. It was five-storeys high built on a basement, built of engineering brick with yellow brick decoration. It had large rectangular windows grouped in threes on the long sides and twos on the others: 30 windows long and 16 windows wide. It was 198 ft by 136 ft.[4] There was an ornamental water tower. The engine and boiler house were to the east. The chimney was round and displayed the two rings that were a trademark of a Sydney Stott mill.[5]

Power[edit]

The steam engine was a 1500 hp triple expansion vertical engine by George Saxon & Co, of Openshaw built in 1905. It had a 22 ft flywheel that operated at 75 rpm. The flywheel drove 28 ropes that transmitted the power to each floor. The cylinders all had Corliss valves. They had a 48 in throw, the High pressure was 20" in diameter, the intermediate was 32 in and the low pressure was 50 in. The air pump was driven from the low pressure crosshead, there was a Saxon governor on the high pressure end of the bed. The boilers operated at 120psi.[6]

Usage[edit]

Cedar Mill was used for spinning 50s counts of twists from Egyptian cotton, for the hosiery and manufacturing market.[2]

Owners[edit]

  • The Ashton syndicate
  • Atlas Mills
  • Lancashire Cotton Corporation
  • Courtaulds Northern Textiles

Notable events/media[edit]

Unusually, the business records of Cedar Mill survive as Cedar Mill, Ashton (DDCM, c 1904 - c 1926), in the Tameside Archives.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • The mills and organisation of the Lancashire Cotton Corporation Limited, Blackfriars House Manchester: Lancashire Cotton Corporation Limited, 1951  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  • Haynes, Ian (1987), Cotton in Ashton, Libraries and Arts Committee, Tameside Metropolitan Borough, ISBN 0-904506-14-2 
  • Roberts, A S (1921), "Arthur Robert's Engine List", Arthur Roberts Black Book. (One guy from Barlick-Book Transcription), retrieved 2009-01-11 
  • Williams, Mike; Farnie (1992), Cotton Mills of Greater Manchester, Carnegie Publishing, ISBN 0-948789-89-1 

External links[edit]