Cedar Mill, Oregon

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"Cedar Mill" redirects here. For the community in California, see Cedar Mill, California. For the Intel Pentium 4 core, see Pentium 4 § Cedar_Mill. For the cancelled Intel Tejas Cedar Mill core, see Tejas and Jayhawk.
Cedar Mill, Oregon
Census-designated place (CDP)
Cedar Mill Community Library
Cedar Mill Community Library
Location of Cedar Mill, Oregon
Location of Cedar Mill, Oregon
Coordinates: 45°31′50″N 122°48′15″W / 45.53056°N 122.80417°W / 45.53056; -122.80417Coordinates: 45°31′50″N 122°48′15″W / 45.53056°N 122.80417°W / 45.53056; -122.80417
Country United States
State Oregon
County Washington
Place name established (post office opened) 1874
Named for sawmill (in operation c. 1855–1891)
Area
 • Total 3.7 sq mi (9.6 km2)
 • Land 3.7 sq mi (9.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 256 ft (78 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 14,546
 • Density 3,388.3/sq mi (1,308.2/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 97229, 97291
Area code(s) 503 and 971
FIPS code 41-12150[1]
GNIS feature ID 1118757[2]

Cedar Mill is a suburb of Portland, Oregon; it is a census-designated place and an unincorporated community in Washington County, mostly north of U.S. Route 26 and west of the Willamette Stone. It received its name from a sawmill on Cedar Mill Creek, which cut Western Redcedars, which were the dominant tree in the area; the mill's pond was near the intersection of 119th and Cornell Road, which could still be seen into the 1960s. The name was established in 1874 with the opening of a U.S. post office named Cedar Mill. As of the 2010 census, the community population was 14,546.

History[edit]

1850s–1860s[edit]

Most of the land in the area, as was typical in the Tualatin Valley, was settled in accord with the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850. It became a school district in 1856. The sawmill was established around 1855 by John Halsey Jones and his father, Justus, and was the "first organized business"[3] in what is now Cedar Mill. It was located on the south side of Cornell Road at McDaniel Road (now N.W. 119th Avenue). The Jones Sawmill was sold in December 1869 to John Quincy Adams Young and William Everson, becoming the Young–Everson Mill.[4] It was renamed the Young Brothers Sawmill after J.Q.A. Young's sons Linc and Jasper acquired it.[5] It ceased operation in 1891[6] and was abandoned in 1892.[3]

J.Q.A. Young[edit]

According to Oregon Geographic Names, a "Cedar Mill" post office was established in 1874, in the John Quincy Adams Young House,[7] built in 1869, which still stands on Cornell Road and is owned by the Tualatin Hills Park & Recreation District. The name was chosen by Young, who had "been commissioned to establish a post office in the area"[8] and been named the first postmaster. The Young–Everson sawmill, specializing in cedar products, was still the only business operating in the area at the time and was also located directly adjacent to the post office, making "Cedar Mill" a logical choice for the name of the new postal station.[8] Around the same time, in 1874, Young retired from milling, sold the mill to Everson, and moved his family into a new, larger house on the north side of Cornell Road, just across from the 1869-built house that was now being used as a post office.[9] Along with the post office, Young also operated a small store on the ground floor of his former house.[10]

J.Q.A. Young served as Cedar Mill postmaster until December 1881. His successor, George Reeves, moved the post office in 1882 to a new general store that Reeves opened in that year, located just northwest of the intersection of Barnes and Cornell Roads. The Cedar Mill post office, always located within a store, was moved two more times before closing, in July 1904.[11]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2), most of it land.[12] Cedar Mill Creek, appropriately named, flows through the area. Cedar Mill Falls is the area's only waterfall, flowing near the Cedar Mill Greenway and JQA Young House. The only lake in the area is Hartung Lake, in the Hartung Farms neighborhood. Johnson Creek also flows through the area.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 12,597 people, 4,723 households, and 3,428 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,388.3 people per square mile (1,307.5/km²). There were 4,951 housing units at an average density of 1,331.7 per square mile (513.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.42% White, 0.86% African American, 0.41% Native American, 7.47% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.70% from other races, and 2.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.09% of the population.

There were 4,723 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $65,730, and the median income for a family was $79,529. Males had a median income of $62,901 versus $36,369 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $33,555. About 4.7% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.

Infrastructure and services[edit]

A non-profit organization named the Cedar Mill Community Library Association (founded in 1975) opened the area's first public library in 1976, located in a shopping center at the intersection of Cornell Road and Saltzman Road (the Milltowner Shopping Center).[13] Following expansions in 1978, 1988 and 2001, the Cedar Mill Community Library now occupies 24,500 square feet (2,280 m2) of space.[14] The current site is in a former Rodgers store, which closed in 1988 and was remodeled for the library, which previously had been located in much smaller space in another building in the same shopping center.[13] The library was expanded in 2000–2001[14] through construction of a new two-story addition at the west end.[15]

Fire protection and EMS services are provided through Tualatin Valley Fire and Rescue.[16] Cedar Mill is served by the Tualatin Hills Park & Recreation District (THPRD), which maintains several parks and a few nature trails in the area, as well as the Sunset Swim Center (public swimming pool adjacent to and used by Sunset High School).[17][18]

Like all areas in the Portland metro area, Cedar Mill residents receive The Oregonian. Virginia Bruce operates the Cedar Mill News, a monthly newsletter running since January 2003.[19]

Schools[edit]

Public schools serving Cedar Mill include Terra Linda, Cedar Mill, Bonny Slope, and West Tualatin View elementary schools; Cedar Park and Stoller middle schools; and Sunset High School, all a part of the Beaverton School District. Private schools include Catlin Gabel School, Prince of Peace Lutheran School, and St. Pius X Catholic School.

The first school district serving Cedar Mill, along with nearby Bethany, the Union School District (District 6), was established in 1856. The one-room Union School building, located on what is now N.W. 143rd Avenue adjacent to the Union Cemetery, was replaced by a new two-room building on the same site in 1901, and the school remained in operation until 1948.[20] District 6 was divided twice in the 1880s, with the eastern portion becoming the new Cedar Mill School District in 1883 and the northwestern portion becoming the Bethany School District in 1887 (serving the Bethany and Rock Creek areas, not Cedar Mill). The Union and Bethany districts consolidated in 1948, renamed as Sunset Valley School District. In 1960, the Cedar Mill and Sunset Valley Districts were absorbed by a greatly expanded Beaverton School District (District 48).[20]

Another former school in the area was Sunset Valley Elementary School, which was built in 1948 to replace Union School and was located on Murray Road (now Blvd.) immediately north of Sunset Highway. After the school's closure in 1979, the building was acquired by Electro Scientific Industries (whose main campus was located nearby) and used as ESI's administrative headquarters until the mid-1990s, when it was razed and replaced by a Home Depot store.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b Brody and Olson, p. 41
  4. ^ Brody and Olson, p. 45
  5. ^ Brody and Olson, p. 48
  6. ^ Brody and Olson, p. 50
  7. ^ Brody and Olson, p. 95
  8. ^ a b Brody and Olson, p. 94
  9. ^ Brody and Olson, p. 47
  10. ^ Brody and Olson, pp. 48, 95
  11. ^ Brody and Olson, p. 96
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ a b Ostergren, Jack (March 3, 1988). "Cedar Mill Library to triple its floor space". The Oregonian, West Zoner section, p. 1.
  14. ^ a b "About Cedar Mill Community Library". Washington County Cooperative Library Services. Retrieved May 4, 2013. 
  15. ^ Colby, Richard (May 11, 2000). "Bales enlarges the Cedar Mill Library; the food business will spend $1 million on the project". The Oregonian, West Zoner section, p. 1.
  16. ^ "About TVF&R". Tualatin Valley Fire & Rescue. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  17. ^ "Sunset Swim Center". Tualatin Hills Park & Recreation District. Retrieved 2014-10-22. 
  18. ^ Uno, Wesley (June 11, 2009). "Swim center will host reopening festivities". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2014-10-22. 
  19. ^ Tims, Dana (January 14, 2011). "Virginia Bruce's bailiwick spans Cedar Mill News, Leedy Grange, community festivals and the business association". The Oregonian. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c Varner, Gerald H. (2000). School Days: A History of Public Schools In and Around Beaverton, Oregon, 1856–2000. pp. 21–22, 30–33. ISBN 0-9642353-3-1. 

Works cited[edit]

  • Brody, Linda S.; Olson, Nancy A. (1978). Cedar Mill History. LCCN 78073338. 

External links[edit]