Cedar Mill, Oregon
|Cedar Mill, Oregon|
|Place name established (post office opened)||1874|
|Named for||sawmill (in operation c. 1855–1891)|
|• Total||3.7 sq mi (9.6 km2)|
|• Land||3.7 sq mi (9.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||256 ft (78 m)|
|• Density||3,388.3/sq mi (1,308.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||97229, 97291|
|Area code(s)||503 and 971|
|GNIS feature ID||1118757|
Cedar Mill is a suburb of Portland, Oregon; it is a census-designated place and an unincorporated community in Washington County, mostly north of U.S. Route 26 and west of the Willamette Stone. It received its name from a sawmill on Cedar Mill Creek, which cut Western Redcedars, which were the dominant tree in the area; the mill's pond was near the intersection of 119th and Cornell Road, which could still be seen into the 1960s. The name was established in 1874 with the opening of a U.S. post office named Cedar Mill. As of the 2010 census, the community population was 14,546.
Most of the land in the area, as was typical in the Tualatin Valley, was settled in accord with the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850. It became a school district in 1856. The sawmill was established around 1855 by John Halsey Jones and his father, Justus, and was the "first organized business" in what is now Cedar Mill. It was located on the south side of Cornell Road at McDaniel Road (now N.W. 119th Avenue). The Jones Sawmill was sold in December 1869 to John Quincy Adams Young and William Everson, becoming the Young–Everson Mill. It was renamed the Young Brothers Sawmill after J.Q.A. Young's sons Linc and Jasper acquired it. It ceased operation in 1891 and was abandoned in 1892.
According to Oregon Geographic Names, a "Cedar Mill" post office was established in 1874, in the John Quincy Adams Young House, built in 1869, which still stands on Cornell Road and is owned by the Tualatin Hills Park & Recreation District. The name was chosen by Young, who had "been commissioned to establish a post office in the area" and been named the first postmaster. The Young–Everson sawmill, specializing in cedar products, was still the only business operating in the area at the time and was also located directly adjacent to the post office, making "Cedar Mill" a logical choice for the name of the new postal station. Around the same time, in 1874, Young retired from milling, sold the mill to Everson, and moved his family into a new, larger house on the north side of Cornell Road, just across from the 1869-built house that was now being used as a post office. Along with the post office, Young also operated a small store on the ground floor of his former house.
J.Q.A. Young served as Cedar Mill postmaster until December 1881. His successor, George Reeves, moved the post office in 1882 to a new general store that Reeves opened in that year, located just northwest of the intersection of Barnes and Cornell Roads. The Cedar Mill post office, always located within a store, was moved two more times before closing, in July 1904.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2), most of it land. Cedar Mill Creek, appropriately named, flows through the area. Cedar Mill Falls is the area's only waterfall, flowing near the Cedar Mill Greenway. The only lake in the area is Hartung Lake, in the Hartung Farms neighborhood. Johnson Creek also flows through the area. Sunset and Oak Hills Aquatic Centers are the main pools in the area, as well as Sunset Athletic Club and Oak Hills Recreation Center.
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,597 people, 4,723 households, and 3,428 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,388.3 people per square mile (1,307.5/km²). There were 4,951 housing units at an average density of 1,331.7 per square mile (513.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.42% White, 0.86% African American, 0.41% Native American, 7.47% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.70% from other races, and 2.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.09% of the population.
There were 4,723 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $65,730, and the median income for a family was $79,529. Males had a median income of $62,901 versus $36,369 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $33,555. About 4.7% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
A non-profit organization named the Cedar Mill Community Library Association (founded in 1975) opened the area's first public library in 1976, located in a shopping center at the intersection of Cornell Road and Saltzman Road (the Milltowner Shopping Center). Following expansions in 1978, 1988 and 2001, the Cedar Mill Community Library now occupies 24,500 square feet (2,280 m2) of space. The current site is in a former Rodgers five-and-dime store, which closed in 1988 and was remodeled for the library, which previously had been located in much smaller space in another building in the same shopping center. The library was expanded in 2000–2001 through construction of a new two-story addition at the west end.
Students in the area are served by Terra Linda, Cedar Mill, Bonny Slope, and West Tualatin View elementary schools, Cedar Park and Stoller middle schools, and Sunset High School, all a part of the Beaverton School District. Private schools include Catlin Gabel School, Prince of Peace Lutheran School, and St. Pius Catholic School. The first school, Pioneer Union school, was established in the 1850s and remained in operation until the spring of 1949.
Parks and recreation
Cedar Mill is served by the Tualatin Hills Park & Recreation District (THPRD).
- Cedar Hills, Oregon – nearby area with a similar name
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Brody and Olson, p. 41
- Brody and Olson, p. 45
- Brody and Olson, p. 48
- Brody and Olson, p. 50
- Brody and Olson, p. 95
- Brody and Olson, p. 94
- Brody and Olson, p. 47
- Brody and Olson, pp. 48, 95
- Brody and Olson, p. 96
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Ostergren, Jack (March 3, 1988). "Cedar Mill Library to triple its floor space". The Oregonian, West Zoner section, p. 1.
- "About Cedar Mill Community Library". Washington County Cooperative Library Services. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
- Colby, Richard (May 11, 2000). "Bales enlarges the Cedar Mill Library; the food business will spend $1 million on the project". The Oregonian, West Zoner section, p. 1.
- Tims, Dana (January 14, 2011). "Virginia Bruce's bailiwick spans Cedar Mill News, Leedy Grange, community festivals and the business association". The Oregonian. Retrieved December 10, 2013.