Cedarburg, Wisconsin

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This article is about the city. For the adjacent town, see Cedarburg (town), Wisconsin.
City of Cedarburg, Wisconsin
City
Washington Avenue Historic District in downtown Cedarburg
Washington Avenue Historic District in downtown Cedarburg
Location of Cedarburg, Wisconsin
Location of Cedarburg, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 43°17′18″N 87°59′15″W / 43.28833°N 87.98750°W / 43.28833; -87.98750Coordinates: 43°17′18″N 87°59′15″W / 43.28833°N 87.98750°W / 43.28833; -87.98750
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Ozaukee
Government
 • Type Mayor/Council
 • Mayor Kip Kinzel (R)
Area[1]
 • Total 4.87 sq mi (12.61 km2)
 • Land 4.83 sq mi (12.51 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation[2] 784 ft (239 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 11,412
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 11,435
 • Density 2,362.7/sq mi (912.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Zip Code 53012
Area code(s) 262
FIPS code 55-13375[5]
GNIS feature ID 1562869 [2]

Cedarburg is a city in Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, United States with Cedar Creek running through it. The city is bordered by the Village of Grafton to the east and the Town of Cedarburg elsewhere. Cedarburg is a suburban community, about 20 miles (32 km) north of Milwaukee and near the shores of Lake Michigan. The population was 11,412 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The first person to settle in the area was Joseph Gardenier, who built a log shanty on Cedar Creek, in what is now Hamilton. The shanty was his headquarters for surveying for the construction of the Green Bay Road.[6] Frederick August Leuning, who immigrated to the area in 1843, built a cabin near Cedar Creek on what was later the east end of the city. He called the cabin "Cedarburg", which meant "the castle of cedars". Soon afterwards, he built the Columbia Mill on that site.[7]

Street scene, with buildings dating to the late 1800s.

William Ludwig Groth (Ludwig Groth) is usually credited with being the first settler. He purchased land from the government on October 22, 1842, and began platting the banks of Cedar Creek. In December 1844 it was agreed that the town be named Cedarburg. Groth envisioned a village along Cedar Creek and parceled out his land for those who would in the future build businesses and settle permanently.[8] Groth eventually included all of north Cedarburg, everything above the interurban tracks to Bridge St. and from 3rd St. to Jefferson Ave. His untimely death in 1850 kept him from continuing land developments.[9] In 1845, Frederick Hilgen and William Schroeder saw what Groth had envisioned. After writing to Hilgen's brother-in-law, C. Frederick Boerner, they found financing for further development. Boerner loaned Hilgen and Schroeder thousands of dollars at half the going rate to develop the village of Cedarburg. They had built a gristmill on Cedar Creek. After eleven years of operation, they replaced the original structure with the five-story, stone Cedarburg Mill, which became the focal point of the new community. Five dams and mills were eventually built along the creek in what are now the city and town of Cedarburg. The Hilgen Spring Park, begun in 1854, was a 74-acre (300,000 m2) resort, that attracted visitors from all over the Midwest.[6]

The Cedarburg Woolen Mill was founded in 1864 what in 1842 had been Groth's temporary brush house made of branches for protection from weather and wild beasts.[10] By 1893, it was the largest woolen mill west of Philadelphia. In 1897, a generator was installed, producing the first electricity in the town. In 1901, the city contracted an electric plant with steam engines running two 75 kW generators, and in 1909 the Cedarburg Electric Light Commission was formed to run the utility. In 1923, responsibility for water and sewerage was given to the utility, and it was renamed the Light & Water Commission. The utility is still in business today, and is one of 82 municipally owned electric utilities in Wisconsin.[11]

Tourism[edit]

The woolen mill closed in 1968 and sat vacant for several years, until an offer was made to buy the buildings. The prospective owner intended to tear them down and build a gas station and a mini-mart. Then mayor, Stephan Fischer, told him he would need a demolition permit. There was no such thing, but it bought enough time that the buildings could be saved.[12] William Welty bought the buildings on the corner and street, opening a restaurant. Jim Pape then bought the mill buildings on the creekside, opening a winery. Known as the Cedar Creek Settlement, the rest of the space was rented out to shops, studios and restaurants.[13]

This began a tourism boom in Cedarburg. As the city became a quaint and pleasant place to visit, more galleries and studios opened, as well as souvenir shops and other attractions. Business associations started weekend festivals, which attracted even more people to the city. In the summer months, local companies sponsor a concert series called Summer Sounds which takes place at Cedar Creek Park.[14]

Beginning in 1974, many buildings in the city of Cedarburg have been added to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). The individual sites, combined with the Historic Districts, include 216 buildings.[15]

Geography[edit]

Cedarburg is located at 43°17'56" North, 87°59'13" West (43.29896, -87.987209).[17]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.87 square miles (12.61 km2), of which, 4.83 square miles (12.51 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[1] The soil, is highly contaminated with PCBs.[18]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $56,431, and the median income for a family was $66,932. Males had a median income of $51,647 versus $30,979 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,455. About 1.8% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

Hilgen's and Schroeder's 1855 Cedarburg Mill, and a 1926 Wadham's pagoda.

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 11,412 people, 4,691 households, and 3,060 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,362.7 inhabitants per square mile (912.2 /km2). There were 4,916 housing units at an average density of 1,017.8 per square mile (393.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 0.8% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 4,691 households of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.8% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 43.1 years. 24.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22% were from 25 to 44; 30% were from 45 to 64; and 16.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

Education[edit]

Public schools

  • Cedarburg High School
  • Parkview Elementary School
  • Thorson Elementary School
  • Webster Transitional School
  • Westlawn Elementary School

Parochial schools

  • First Immanuel Lutheran School
  • St. Francis Borgia School

Attractions[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b "Cedarburg History". Histories of Washington and Ozaukee Counties. Western Publishing. 1881. 
  7. ^ Harold E. Hansen. Sketches of Cedarburg: Celebrating 100 Years. Cedarburg: Cedarburg Commemorative Corp., 1985, p. 1.
  8. ^ On the Banks of Cedar Creek. Cedarburg: Ozaukee County Historical Society, p. 26.
  9. ^ Ryan Gierach. Cedarburg: A History Set in Stone. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2003, p. 38
  10. ^ On the Banks of Cedar Creek, p. 25.
  11. ^ Cedarburg Light & Water
  12. ^ Steffes, Judy (November 9, 2007). "Cedarburg has formula for model downtown". BizTiimes.com. Retrieved 2009-05-19. [dead link]
  13. ^ "History Cedarburg Woolen Mill Cedar Creek Settlement". Ozaukee County. Retrieved 2009-05-19. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Summer Sounds". Cedarburg Music Festivals. Retrieved 2013. 
  15. ^ Cedarburg Wisconsin
  16. ^ http://www.dalejtravis.com/cblist/cbwi.htm
  17. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  18. ^ U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  19. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1893,' Biographical Sketch of Frederick W. Horn, pg. 634

External links[edit]