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Cedar wood comes from several different trees that grow in different parts of the world, and may have different uses.
- California incense-cedar, from Calocedrus decurrens, is the primary type of wood used for making pencils
- Taiwan incense-cedar, comes from Calocedrus formosana, an endangered species that has been over-harvested for its fragrant decay-resistant wood
- Chinese incense-cedar, comes from Calocedrus macrolepis, which has been over-harvested for its fragrant decay-resistant wood
- Cigar-box cedar or Spanish cedar, from Cedrela odorata, is fragrant, insect-repellent, and light-weight, primarily used to protect clothing from insects
- Cedar from Cedrus, was once an important timber in the Mediterranean area, used for building and shipbuilding, but severely overexploited for thousands of years.
- Port Orford cedar, from the western North American tree Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, is light-weight and durable, and particularly valued in east Asia
- Japanese cedar, from Cryptomeria japonica, is a light-weight wood used in house-building
- Mexican white cedar from Cupressus lusitanica, comes from a drought-resistant tree that has been widely cultivated for its timber for centuries
- Eastern red cedar from Juniperus virginiana, is soft, red, fine-grained, fragrant, and decay-resistant, often used for fence posts
- Ceylon cedar from Melia azedarach, is a high-quality timber that resembles teak
- Western red cedar from Thuja plicata, is soft red-brown, aromatic, decay-resistant, used for outdoor construction, shingles, and guitar-making,
- Northern white cedar from Thuja occidentalis, comes from a relatively small tree, and is used for canoe-making, log cabins, fences, and shingles
- Australian red cedar from Toona ciliata, is red, highly valued, and easy to work, used for furniture-making and shipbuilding