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Apium graveolens var. rapaceum
A celeriac hypocotyl sliced in half, and with the greens removed
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Apium
Species: A. graveolens
Variety: rapaceum
  • Bergers White Ball
  • Diamant
  • Giant Prague
  • Goliath
  • Ibis
  • Kojak
  • Monarch
  • Prinz
  • Snow White

Celeriac (Apium graveolens var. rapaceum), also called turnip-rooted celery[3] or knob celery, is a variety of celery cultivated for its edible roots, hypocotyl, and shoots; these are sometimes collectively (but erroneously[citation needed]) called celery root.

Celeriac is a root vegetable with a bulbous hypocotyl. In the Mediterranean Basin and in Northern Europe, celeriac grows wild and is widely cultivated.[3][2] It is also cultivated in North Africa, Siberia, Southwest Asia, and North America.[2] In North America, the Diamant cultivar predominates.[4] Celeriac originated in the Mediterranean Basin.[2]

Culinary use[edit]

Typically, celeriac is harvested when its hypocotyl is 10–14 cm in diameter.[4] It is edible raw or cooked, and tastes similar to the stalks (the upper part of the stem) of common celery cultivars. Celeriac may be roasted, stewed, blanched, or mashed. Sliced celeriac occurs as an ingredient in soups, casseroles, and other savory dishes.

Unlike many root vegetables, celeriac contains little starch: 5–6% by weight. [5]

The shelf life of celeriac is approximately three to four months if stored between 0°C (32°F) and 5°C (41°F), and not allowed to dry out.[citation needed]

"A bowl of celeriac soup"
A bowl of celeriac soup.
Celeriac (raw)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 176 kJ (42 kcal)
Carbohydrates 9.2 g
- Sugars 1.6 g
- Dietary fiber 1.8 g
Fat 0.3 g
Protein 1.5 g
Water 88 g
Thiamine (vit. B1) 0.05 mg (4%)
Riboflavin (vit. B2) 0.06 mg (5%)
Niacin (vit. B3) 0.7 mg (5%)
Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.352 mg (7%)
Vitamin B6 0.165 mg (13%)
Vitamin C 8 mg (10%)
Vitamin K 41 μg (39%)
Calcium 43 mg (4%)
Iron 0.7 mg (5%)
Magnesium 20 mg (6%)
Manganese 0.158 mg (8%)
Phosphorus 115 mg (16%)
Potassium 300 mg (6%)
Sodium 100 mg (7%)
Zinc 0.33 mg (3%)
Link to USDA Database entry
Percentages are roughly approximated
using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Growing Crops: Celery and Celeriac". Urban Organic Gardening. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Schuchert, Wolfgang. "Celeriac (Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum)". Crop Exhibition. Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Public Domain Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Celery". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Celeriac (Apium graveolens rapaceum)". Desirable Vegetable Varieties, By Vegetable. The Owlcroft Company. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Nutrient data for 11141, Celeriac, raw". USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Retrieved 3 February 2012. 

External links[edit]