Celeriac

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This article is about the root vegetable. For the autoimmune disorder celiac/coeliac, see Coeliac disease.
Apium graveolens var. rapaceum
Céleri-rave-fendu.jpg
A celeriac hypocotyl sliced in half, and with the greens removed
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Apium
Species: A. graveolens
Variety: rapaceum
Cultivars[1][2]
  • Bergers White Ball
  • Diamant
  • Giant Prague
  • Goliath
  • Ibis
  • Kojak
  • Monarch
  • Prinz
  • Snow White

Celeriac (Apium graveolens var. rapaceum), also called turnip-rooted celery[3] or knob celery, is a variety of celery cultivated for its edible roots, hypocotyl, and shoots. It is sometimes called celery root.[4]

It was mentioned in Homer's Odyssey as selinon.[5]

Celeriac is a root vegetable with a bulbous hypocotyl. In the Mediterranean Basin and in Northern Europe, celeriac grows wild and is widely cultivated.[3][2] It is also cultivated in North Africa, Siberia, Southwest Asia, and North America.[2] In North America, the Diamant cultivar predominates.[6] Celeriac originated in the Mediterranean Basin.[2]

Culinary use[edit]

Typically, celeriac is harvested when its hypocotyl is 10–14 cm in diameter.[6] It is edible raw or cooked, and tastes similar to the stalks (the upper part of the stem) of common celery cultivars. Celeriac may be roasted, stewed, blanched, or mashed. Sliced celeriac occurs as an ingredient in soups, casseroles, and other savory dishes.

The shelf life of celeriac is approximately six to eight months if stored between 0°C (32°F) and 5°C (41°F), and not allowed to dry out.[7]

"A bowl of celeriac soup"
A bowl of celeriac soup.
Celeriac (raw)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 176 kJ (42 kcal)
9.2 g
Sugars 1.6 g
Dietary fiber 1.8 g
0.3 g
1.5 g
Vitamins
Thiamine (B1)
(4%)
0.05 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
(5%)
0.06 mg
Niacin (B3)
(5%)
0.7 mg
(7%)
0.352 mg
Vitamin B6
(13%)
0.165 mg
Vitamin C
(10%)
8 mg
Vitamin K
(39%)
41 μg
Trace metals
Calcium
(4%)
43 mg
Iron
(5%)
0.7 mg
Magnesium
(6%)
20 mg
Manganese
(8%)
0.158 mg
Phosphorus
(16%)
115 mg
Potassium
(6%)
300 mg
Sodium
(7%)
100 mg
Zinc
(3%)
0.33 mg
Other constituents
Water 88 g

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Growing Crops: Celery and Celeriac". Urban Organic Gardening. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Schuchert, Wolfgang. "Celeriac (Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum)". Crop Exhibition. Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Public Domain Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Celery". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Watson, Molly. "All About Celery Root (Celeriac)". localfoods.about.com. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "eat celery root". eattheseasons.com. 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Celeriac (Apium graveolens rapaceum)". Desirable Vegetable Varieties, By Vegetable. The Owlcroft Company. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  7. ^ "Small-scale postharvest handling practices - A manual for horticultural crops - 3rd edition". FAO Agriculture and Consumer protection. March 1995. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 

External links[edit]