Celerina/Schlarigna

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Celerina/Schlarigna
Celerina/Schlarigna -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Celerina/Schlarigna
Canton Graubünden
District Maloja
46°31′N 9°52′E / 46.517°N 9.867°E / 46.517; 9.867Coordinates: 46°31′N 9°52′E / 46.517°N 9.867°E / 46.517; 9.867
Population 1,488 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 62 /km2 (160 /sq mi)
Area 24.02 km2 (9.27 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,714 m (5,623 ft)
Postal code 7505
SFOS number 3782
Surrounded by Pontresina, Samedan, Sankt-Moritz
Website www.gemeinde-celerina.ch
SFSO statistics
Celerina/Schlarigna is located in Switzerland
Celerina/Schlarigna
Celerina/Schlarigna

Celerina/Schlarigna (German/Italian Celerina; Romansh About this sound Schlarigna ) is a municipality in the district of Maloja in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Celerina/Schlarigna is first mentioned in 1313 as Schellarin. In 1320 it was mentioned as Celarina.[3]

Geography[edit]

Engadin valley with Celerina/Schlarigna

Celerina/Schlarigna has an area, as of 2006, of 24 km2 (9.3 sq mi). Of this area, 34% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 4.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (31.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

It consists of the haufendorf village (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Celerina/Schlarigna and the hamlet of Crasta. in the Oberengadin sub-district of the Maloja district. The municipality's official name used to be Celerina, until 1943, when it adopted the name Schlarigna/Celerina. In 1950, it was renamed again to Celerina/Schlarigna.[5]

It is located in the upper Engadin valley in the Oberengadin sub-district of the Maloja district and is across from the entrance of the Bernina Pass into the Engadin. The village is located between St. Moritz, Samedan and Pontresina. The famous Cresta Run for tobogganing leads from St.Moritz to the Cresta neighborhood of Celerina.

Demographics[edit]

Celerina/Schlarigna has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 1,488.[1] As of 2008, 31.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 13.7%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Celerina/Schlarigna is; 152 children or 11.2% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 78 teenagers or 5.8% are 10 to 14, and 68 teenagers or 5.0% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 215 people or 15.9% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 279 people or 20.6% are 30 to 39, 222 people or 16.4% are 40 to 49, and 169 people or 12.5% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 85 people or 6.3% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 56 people or 4.1% are 70 to 79, there are 27 people or 2.0% who are 80 to 89, and there are 2 people or 0.1% who are 90 to 99.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 30.3% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (29.3%), the FDP (26.9%) and the CVP (10.2%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Celerina/Schlarigna about 69.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Celerina/Schlarigna has an unemployment rate of 1.47%. As of 2005, there were 20 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 5 businesses involved in this sector. 153 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 22 businesses in this sector. 564 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 85 businesses in this sector.[4]

From the 2000 census, 641 or 47.4% are Roman Catholic, while 532 or 39.3% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 17 individuals (or about 1.26% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 10 individuals (or about 0.74% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 11 individuals (or about 0.81% of the population) who are Jewish. There are 5 individuals (or about 0.37% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 84 (or about 6.21% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 53 individuals (or about 3.92% of the population) did not answer the question.[6]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][7]

year population
1850 245
1900 341
1950 713
1960 868
1970 983
1980 890
1990 975
2000 1,353

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (58.3%), with Italian being second most common (19.3%) and Romansh being third (12.8%).[4] Until the mid 19th Century, the entire population spoke the Upper-Engadin Romansh dialect of Puter. Due to increasing trade with the outside world, Romansh usage began to decline. In 1860 about 96% spoke Romansh as a first language, while in 1880 it had decreased to 76.9% and in 1900 it was 68%. The last time that Romansh was the majority language in Celerina/Schlarigna was in 1941. Following World War II German became the majority language. However, in 1990 there were still 41% who understood Romansh in Celerina/Schlarigna and in 2000 it was 35%.

Languagesn in Celerina/Schlarigna GR'
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 390 43.82% 535 54.87% 789 58.31%
Romansh 273 30.67% 198 20.31% 173 12.79%
Italian 178 20.00% 176 18.05% 261 19.29%
Population 890 100% 975 100% 1353 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

San Gian church with its ruined bell tower

The Swiss Reformed Church of San Gian is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[8] The church is located on a hill above the Inn River. It was built in 1478 on the site of a chapel that was about 500 years older. The church is a single apse construction with a painted wood roof and notable frescoes. In 1682 the large bell tower was struck by lightning and the burned out roof was never replaced.

Tourism[edit]

View of St Moritz and Celerina.

As Celerina/Schlarigna is located at the edge of the plain where the Flaz river (coming from the Bernina Pass) meets the Inn, this is the widest part of the Engadin valley, making Celerina the sunniest spot in the upper Engadin valley. Unlike its more famous neighboring town to the south (St.Moritz) Celerina has retained many historic buildings in its town center, many dating back to the 17th century. The town has three historic churches, the small romanesque church in Cresta, the gothic church of San Gian (current structure dating to 1478, but based on a chapel at least 400 years older than that) in the middle of the plain, and the baroque style, 1669 Bel Taimpel in the heart of the village.

Formerly a farming village, over the last few decades the importance of tourism has increased dramatically in Celerina/Schlarigna. There are no really big hotels, but a handful of medium and small hotels and inns, but the core tourisms stems from vacation apartments, both owner occupied second homes and temporary rentals. There is both summer and winter tourism. The winter season is more important. Summer guest enjoy hiking and mountaineering. Mountain biking has also become popular. Nearby there are also opportunities for golf, glider flying, swimming and hang-gliding. Winter sports include both Nordic and alpine skiing, bobsleigh, and skeleton (sport), (the famous Cresta Run ends in Celerina). There is a direct skiers gondola from Celerina into the heart of the St.Moritz ski area of Corviglia/Marguns, a major portion of which lies in the municipality of Celerina/Schlarigna.

Transportation[edit]

Rhaetian Railway operates trains to Celerina (Rhaetian Railway station).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Celerina/Schlarigna in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 20-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  6. ^ a b c Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 20-Oct-2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]