Celestron

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Celestron, LLC
Type Private
Industry Optical instruments
Founded 1964
Number of locations Torrance, California, USA
Key people
Products Telescopes and other optical / mechanical devices
Website Celestron.com

Celestron is a company that manufactures and imports telescopes, binoculars, spotting scopes, microscopes, and accessories for their products.

History[edit]

The predecessor of Celestron was Valor Electronics, an electronics and military components firm founded in 1955 by Tom Johnson.[1][2][3] Johnson became involved with telescopes when he built a 6" reflecting telescope for his two sons.[2] In 1960, Johnson established the "Astro-Optical" division of Valor, which would later become Celestron.[3]

By 1964, Johnson had founded "Celestron Pacific" as a division of Valor Electronics[4] offering Schmidt-Cassegrain telescopes from 4" to 22". In 1970 Celestron introduced its "C8" 8" diameter 2032 mm focal length, ƒ10 telescope, the first of a new line of telescopes built using methods developed by Celestron to produce Schmidt-Cassegrains at a high volume and low cost.[1] These models made significant inroads into the amateur astronomical and educational communities.

Johnson, the founder of the company, sold Celestron in 1980.[2] Celestron was acquired by Tasco in 1997 and almost went out of business when Tasco folded in 2001.

In early 2003 Celestron's rival, Meade Instruments, attempted a takeover but a bankruptcy court allowed the sale of the company back to its original owners. The company had been U.S. owned until April 2005 when it was acquired by SW Technology Corporation, a Delaware company and affiliate of Synta Technology Corporation of Taiwan. Synta is a manufacturer of astronomy equipment and related components and at that time had been a supplier for Celestron for over 15 years.[5]

On March 13, 2012, Tom Johnson died at the age of 89.[6][7]

Products[edit]

A vintage 1970s "orange tube" Celestron C8 telescope

Celestron was the first large scale commercial manufacturer of the Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope, introducing its "C8" 8" diameter 2032 mm focal length, ƒ10 telescope in 1970.[8] The primary innovation Celestron/Tom Johnson came up with was a way to produce Schmidt corrector plates using a vacuum to pull the glass blanks into a pre-shaped curve mold called a "master block" during the polishing process.[9][10] This allowed for the inexpensive mass production of corrector plates of uniform shape. The telescope line had a trademark matte orange tube (changed to glossy black in 1980, and back to semi-gloss orange in 2006), and double-fork equatorial mount, and became a popular large aperture, compact design.[citation needed]

Other telescopes product lines include the CGE, CGEM, CPC, NexStar, Omni, Onyx, AstroMaster, Ambassador, TravelScope, and PowerSeeker product lines. These range from large computerized reflectors with GPS to decorative/casual viewing telescopes with brass tube refractors on wood mounts.

Celestron products (as of 2010) include:

  • 5", 6", 8", 9.25", 11", and 14" Schmidt-Cassegrain telescopes (the number denoting the aperture) on German equatorial mounts (all) or fork mounts (C8, C9.25, C11), with most benefiting from GoTo control.
  • A range of 8", 9.25", 11", and 14" modified Schmidt-Cassegrains with a more advanced optical design
  • A range of 2.4 to 6-inch (150 mm) refractor telescopes.
  • 6 to 10-inch (250 mm) traditional reflector telescopes on German equatorial mounts.
  • SkyScout - an astronomical sky finder or a personal planetarium.
  • Digital, Biological, and Stereo viewing microscopes
  • Binoculars and Spotting scopes
  • Various mounts
  • Numerous eyepiece lines, including both simple Plossl and complex wide-field designs, as well as barlows.[clarification needed]

Celestron telescopes offer the option to use computerized location of astronomical objects as well as mounts that will aim themselves at any given object, a technology known as GoTo. Most of the computerized models can be connected to an external computer via an RS-232 cable, allowing them to be controlled by a third-party astronomy program or connected to a GPS receiver. GPS receivers are useful for programming the telescope with its precise location and time, which allows the telescope to point more accurately.

Some motorized telescopes sold during the mid 80s to early 90s, including the Celestron Compustar® which used a form of GoTo technology, were not programmed to allow for dates after 2000; making some Celestron products susceptible to the Y2K bug. However, a third party chip to update the computer is available for some products.

Competition with Meade[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Meade Instruments.

Since their founding in 1972, Meade Instruments has been one of Celestron's chief rivals. Design, sizing, introduction, and pricing of each company's products lines and models have been in response to their competition with each other.[citation needed] There has been litigation over infringement of patents between the two companies, one example being with regard to GoTo technology.[11] In September 2013, Sunny Optics Inc, a unit of the Chinese firm Ningbo Sunny Electronic Co Ltd, completed the acquisition of the entire share capital of Meade.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]