Cellini Salt Cellar
|Type||Partly enameled gold sculpture|
|Dimensions||26 cm × 33.5 cm (10 in × 13.2 in)|
|Location||Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna|
The Cellini Salt Cellar (in Vienna called the Saliera, Italian for salt cellar) is a part-enamelled gold table sculpture by Benvenuto Cellini. It was completed in 1543 for Francis I of France, from models that had been prepared many years earlier for Cardinal Ippolito d'Este. The Cellini Salt Cellar depicts a male figure representing the sea and a female figure that represents the earth. A small vessel meant to hold salt is placed next to the male figure. A temple-shaped box for pepper is placed next to the female figure.
It came into the possession of the Habsburgs as a gift by Charles IX of France to Archduke Ferdinand II of Tyrol, who had acted as a proxy for Charles in his wedding to Elisabeth of Austria. It was originally part of the Habsburg art collection at Castle Ambras, but was transferred to the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna during the 19th century.
The Saliera is the only remaining work of precious metal which can be reliably attributed to Cellini. It was created in the Mannerist style of the late Renaissance and allegorically portrays Terra e Mare. In Cellini's description, the sea was represented by a male figure reclining beside a ship for holding the salt; the earth he "fashioned like a woman" and placed a temple near her to serve as a receptacle for pepper. The salt cellar is made of ivory, rolled gold, and vitreous enamel. The gold is not cast in a mould but hammered by hand into its delicate shape. It stands about 26 cm tall. The base is about 33.5 cm wide and features bearings to roll it around in order to appreciate it better. Two years after finishing this work, Cellini returned to Florence, to the patronage of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
The sculpture is insured for an estimated $60 million (approx. $68.3 million in CPI-adjusted 2012 United States dollars) by Uniqa Versicherungen (de), an Austrian insurance company.
Theft and return
On 11 May 2003, the Saliera was stolen from the Kunsthistorisches Museum, which was covered by a scaffolding at that time due to reconstruction works. The museum offered a reward of €1,000,000 for its recovery. The Saliera was recovered on 21 January 2006, buried in a lead box in a forest near the town of Zwettl, Austria, about 90 km north of Vienna. The thief, Robert Mang, turned himself in after police released surveillance photos of the suspect which were subsequently recognized by acquaintances.
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- Horst Woldemar Janson; Anthony F. Janson (2004). History of Art: The Western Tradition. Prentice Hall Professional. p. 504. ISBN 978-0-13-182895-7.
- Benvenuto Cellini. The Autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini, Translated by John Addington Symonds at Project Gutenberg
- Fred S. Kleiner. Gardner's Art through the Ages: A Global History, Volume II (14th ed.). Cengage Learning. pp. 399–400. ISBN 978-1-133-71115-5.
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- Richard Bernstein (January 26, 2006). "For Stolen Saltcellar, a Cellphone Is Golden". The New York Times.
- Derek Brooks (February 28, 2013). "Famed 'La Saliera' sculpture back on display in Vienna". Reuters.
- "Police find stolen £36m figurine". BBC Online. January 22, 2006. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
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