Cello Sonata No. 3 (Beethoven)
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in (apparent) contrast to the normal sonata form fast–slow–fast.
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The Sonata No. 3 dates from Beethoven's most productive compositional period. Composed in the same year were the Violin Concerto and the two piano trios of Op. 70; the same year also saw the completion and publication of the Fifth and Sixth Symphonies.
The first movement opens with the cello alone; variations of its expansive main theme and a pair of contrasting secondary ideas give much cause to contrapuntal and melodic interplay between the two players. The scherzo which follows, in the tonic minor (i.e. A minor), prominently features off-beat accents; the trio in the major is heard twice as in many of Beethoven's later scherzos.
The briskly-paced finale is preceded by a short slow introduction which can be regarded as an 'abortive' slow movement; in this sense the form of the sonata resembles that of works as the Archduke Trio where the scherzo precedes a slow movement linked to the fast finale.
- Cello Sonata No. 3: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Cello Sonata No. 3 (Beethoven) at the Mutopia Project — Allegro, ma non tanto
- Cello Sonata No. 3 (Beethoven) at the Mutopia Project — Scherzo
- Cello Sonata No. 3 (Beethoven) at the Mutopia Project — Adagio cantabile — Finale