Cello suites (Britten)

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Cello suites
by Benjamin Britten
RIAN archive 438589 Mstislav Rostropovich.jpg
Cellist Mstislav Rostropovich, who inspired and first performed the suites dedicated to him
Catalogue Op. 72, 80, 87
Genre Suites
Performed
  • 27 June 1965 (1965-06-27) – Aldeburgh Festival (No. 1)
  • 17 June 1968 (1968-06-17) – Aldeburgh Festival (No. 2)
  • 21 December 1971 (1971-12-21) – Snape Maltings (No. 3)

The cello suites by Benjamin Britten (opp. 72, 80, and 87) are a series of three compositions for solo cello, dedicated to Mstislav Rostropovich. The suites were the first original solo instrumental music that Britten wrote for and dedicated to Rostropovich, but Britten had earlier composed a cadenza for Joseph Haydn's Cello Concerto in C major, for Rostropovich, in 1964. Rostropovich gave the first performances of each work, and recorded Suites Nos 1 and 2 commercially.[1]

Cello Suite No. 1, Op. 72[edit]

Britten wrote the First Suite at the end of 1964. The premiere was at the Aldeburgh Festival[2] on 27 June 1965.[3] The suite is in nine movements, played without pause:

  • Canto primo: Sostenuto e largamente
  • Fuga: Andante moderato
  • Lamento: Lento rubato
  • Canto secondo: Sostenuto
  • Serenata: Allegretto pizzicato
  • Marcia: Alla marcia moderato
  • Canto terzo: Sostenuto
  • Bordone: Moderato quasi recitativo
  • Moto perpetuo e Canto quarto: Presto

The score was published in 1966.[4]

Cello Suite No. 2, Op. 80[edit]

The Second Suite dates from the summer of 1967. Rostropovich gave the premiere at the Aldeburgh Festival, Snape Maltings, on 17 June 1968. The score was published in 1969.[5] The movements are as follows:

  • Declamato: Largo
  • Fuga: Andante
  • Scherzo: Allegro molto
  • Andante lento
  • Ciaccona: Allegro

Cello Suite No. 3, Op. 87[edit]

Britten composed the Third Suite in 1971,[6] inspired by Rostropovich's playing of the unaccompanied cello suites of Bach. Rostropovich first performed the suite at the Snape Maltings, 21 December 1974.

The Third Suite is in nine movements, performed without pause:

  • Introduzione: Lento
  • Marcia: Allegro
  • Canto: Con Moto
  • Barcarolla: Lento
  • Dialogo: Allegretto
  • Fuga: Andante espressivo
  • Recitativo: Fantastico
  • Moto perpetuo: Presto
  • Passacaglia: Lento solenne

The work incorporates four Russian themes, including three arrangements of folksongs by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky,[7] reminiscent of Beethoven's use of Russian themes in the Razumovsky quartets. The final Russian tune, stated simply at the end of the set, is the Kontakion, the Russian Orthodox Hymn for the Dead. Philip Brett considers the Third Suite to be the most passionate of the three.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anderson, Robert (1970). "Record Review: Britten: Two Suites for Cello, op 72 and op 80. Rostropovich. Decca SXL 6393". The Musical Times 111 (1532): 1005. ISSN 0027-4666. .
  2. ^ Walsh, Stephen (Autumn 1965). "First Performances: Three New Britten Works". Tempo (New Ser.) (74): 23–24. ISSN 0040-2982. 
  3. ^ Mann, William (1965). "Festival Reports: Aldeburg (August 1965)". The Musical Times 106 (1470): 615–18. ISSN 0027-4666. 
  4. ^ Tilmouth, Michael (1967). "Review of Music: Britten, Benjamin, Suite, Op. 72". Music & Letters 48 (3): 293. JSTOR 732740. 
  5. ^ Tilmouth, Michael (1970). "Reviews of Music: Second Suite, Op. 80". Music & Letters 51 (1): 92–93. JSTOR 733210. 
  6. ^ Evans, Peter (July 1977). "Reviews of Music: Canticle V: The Death of Saint Narcissus, Op. 89; Third Suite for Cello, Op. 87". Music & Letters 58 (3): 352–353. JSTOR 734064. 
  7. ^ Anderson, Robert (1981). "Record Reviews: Bridge/Britten/Ireland". The Musical Times 122 (1660): 388. JSTOR 960975. 

Sources[edit]

  • Philip Brett: "Benjamin Britten", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy.
  • Aquino, F. Avellar de. "Song of Sorrow". in The Strad Magazine, London, v. 117, Vol. 1391, p. 52-57, 2006. (on Britten's Third Cello Suite)