Celso Amorim

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Celso Amorim
Celso Amorim.jpg
Amorim in 2007
Minister of Defence of Brazil
Incumbent
Assumed office
4 August 2011
President Dilma Rousseff
Preceded by Nelson Jobim
Minister of External Relations of Brazil
In office
1 January 2003 – 1 January 2011
President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Preceded by Celso Lafer
Succeeded by Antonio Patriota
In office
20 July 1993 – 1 January 1995
President Itamar Franco
Preceded by Luiz Felipe Lampreia
Succeeded by Luiz Felipe Lampreia
Personal details
Born Celso Nunes Amorim
(1942-06-03) June 3, 1942 (age 72)
Santos, São Paulo, Brazil
Spouse(s) Ana Maria Amorim
Residence Brasília, Brazil
Profession Diplomat, Politician

Celso Luiz Nunes Amorim (born 3 June 1942) is a Brazilian diplomat who has been Minister of Defence since August 2011. Amorim was the Minister of Foreign Relations from 1993 to 1995 under President Itamar Franco and again from 2003 to 2011 under President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.[1]

Before his appointment by Lula, Amorim served as Brazil's ambassador to the United Kingdom.[2] On 7 October 2009, Amorim was named the "world's best foreign minister" by Foreign Policy magazine blogger David Rothkopf.[3] On 4 August 2011, Amorim was invited by President Dilma Rousseff to assume the Ministry of Defence.[4]

Personal life and academic career[edit]

Amorim was born in Santos, São Paulo, on 3 June 1942. He is married to Ana Maria Amorim and has four children: Vicente, Anita, João, and Pedro.[5]

He graduated from the Rio Branco Institute, an undergraduate school of international relations run by the Ministry of External Relations, in 1965, and obtained his post-graduate degree in International Relations from the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna in 1967.

Amorim was a Portuguese language professor at the Rio Branco Institute, as well as political science and international relations professor at the University of Brasília. He is a permanent member of the Foreign Affairs Department of the University of São Paulo Institute of Advanced Studies.

Government positions[edit]

Amorim has a long history of government service, beginning in 1987 when he was appointed Secretary for International Affairs for the Ministry of Science and Technology. He served in that position until 1989, when he was selected to be the Director-General for Cultural Affairs in the Ministry of External Relations. Amorim would be shifted again in 1990, moving to a new post as Director-General for Economic Affairs. In 1993, he was promoted to the position of Secretary General of the Brazilian foreign-affairs agency.

Ambassadorial positions[edit]

While serving in the Ministry of External Relations, Amorim spent large amounts of time working as an ambassador to the United Nations. Most notably, he represented Brazil on the KosovoYugoslavia sanctions committee in 1998, and the Security Council panel on Iraq in 1999. Amorim was named as Brazil's permanent ambassador to the United Nations and the WTO later that year, and served for two years before taking assignment as the ambassador to the United Kingdom in 2001.

WTO Controversy[edit]

On 19 July 2008, Amorim stirred up controversy by comparing the descriptions used by wealthier countries to characterize the agricultural concessions they were offering during the Doha Round of WTO talks to the work of Nazi propagandist Joseph Goebbels. This brought a swift condemnation from the U.S. State Department.[6]

Minister of Defence[edit]

On 4 August 2011, Amorim was appointed by Dilma Rousseff to replace Nelson Jobim as Minister of Defence. Jobim's resignation came after he called Ideli Salvatti, Secretary of Institutional Relations, weak and criticized Gleisi Hoffmann, Rousseff's chief of staff, as someone who "doesn't even know Brasília". Jobim had increasingly expressed his displeasure with the government. He had said that he was surrounded by "idiots" in the administration and angered government colleagues even further after he admitted in an interview that he had voted for José Serra, Rousseff's main opponent in the presidential election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brazil will not 'sell' Amazon Gulfnews
  2. ^ CV of Celso Amorim on Ministry of External Relations website
  3. ^ David Rothkopf (2009-10-07). "The world’s best foreign minister", Foreign Policy.
  4. ^ Brazil's Defense Minister Is Ousted WSJ. Retrieved on 2011-08-04.
  5. ^ "Minister of External Relations: Ambassador Celso Amorim". Ministry of External Relations. Retrieved 2008-11-07. 
  6. ^ Klapper, Bradley S. (2008-07-19). "Brazil official's Nazi reference rocks WTO talks". Associated Press (Newsvine). Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Minister of Foreign Relations
1993–1995
Succeeded by
Luiz Felipe Lampreia
Preceded by
Celso Lafer
Minister of Foreign Relations
2003–2011
Succeeded by
Antonio Patriota
Preceded by
Nelson Jobim
Minister of Defence
2011–Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent