Celtic broadleaf forests

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Celtic broadleaf forests
Ecology
Biome Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Borders North Atlantic moist mixed forest, and Caledonian forest
Geography
Country Ireland, United Kingdom

The Celtic broadleaf forests are a terrestrial ecoregion native to Western Great Britain and most of the island of Ireland. The Celtic broadleaf forests occupy the eastern part of Ireland; the majority of Wales; extreme southwestern tip of England, including Cornwall and Devon; central and northern parts England; and southern Scotland extending along the North Sea coast through most of Aberdeenshire and Morayshire. The forest is part of the Temperate broadleaf and mixed forest biome of Western Europe.

Habitat Status[edit]

Ninety percent of the Celtic forests habitat has been destroyed, generally over the last few thousand years, due to agriculture needs, need for wood for fire during the winter and general deforestation. The outcome is an ecoregion which has not only lost most of its pristine cover, but which has been heavily degraded by fragmentation. The forests today has is in critical status with the Majority of the land is now rolling pasture-hills typically associated with England

Fauna and Flora[edit]

Animals known to inhabit the forests are as follows;

Many other species once inhabited the forest however due to exploitation of natural resources, deforestation and hunting many animals have gone extinct, many of these animals were once numerous across the British isles, they include the following; gray wolf, Wild boar, Lynx, European beaver among others.

Flora include many broadleafed deciduous trees including; Common ash, Silver birch, European aspen, common elm and various oak trees.

Climate[edit]

The climate of the forest is Oceanic climate this means temperature extremes are rare, frequent precipitation, high precipitation days, high moisture and low sunshine levels. The combination of moisture and low evaporation (low sunshine amounts) leads to high dampness levels.

Prehistory[edit]

This ecoregion is relatively young with regard to human settlement, this is due to glacialation during the last ice age when it was unsuitable for human settlement. Mesolithic peoples were certainly in evidence circa 9000 to 8000 years ago throughout the present day English portion of the ecoregion, as well as the Welsh, Irish and eastern Scotland areas of the Celtic broadleaf forests.

As the Roman Empire expanded, the Roman peoples arrived to begin recorded history within the ecoregion, with major Roman urban settlements commencing in the first century AD, although evidence shows indigenous towns such as York had existed for a millennium prior. Viking settlement in coastal areas of eastern Scotland, Wales and eastern Ireland are widespread beginning at least by the ninth century AD.

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Atlantic mixed forests Denmark, France, Belgium, Germany, Netherlands
Azores temperate mixed forests Portugal
Balkan mixed forests Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria, Turkey
Baltic mixed forests Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Poland
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, Turkey
Celtic broadleaf forests United Kingdom, Ireland
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Central European mixed forests Austria, Germany, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Belarus, Czech Republic
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East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine
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Manchurian mixed forests China, North Korea, Russia, South Korea
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Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Croatia
Po Basin mixed forests Italy
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests France, Spain, Andorra
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China
Rodope montane mixed forests Greece, Macedonia, Serbia, Bulgaria
Sarmatic mixed forests Russia, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Belarus
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China
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West Siberian broadleaf and mixed forests Russia
Western European broadleaf forests Switzerland, Austria, France, Germany, Czech Republic
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