Cenaze Hasan Pasha

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"Kethüda Hasan Pasha" redirects here. For the Ottoman governor of Egypt in 1687, see Mollacık Hasan Pasha.
Cenaze / Meyyit · Kethüda
Hasan
Pasha
Grand Vizier
In office
12 May 1789 – 2 December 1789
Monarch Selim III
Preceded by Koca Yusuf Pasha
Succeeded by Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha
Personal details
Died 1810
Larissa, Greece
Religion Sunni Islam

Cenaze Hasan Pasha (also known as Meyyit Hasan Pasha or Kethüda Hasan Pasha; died 1810) was a short-term Ottoman grand vizier in 1789. His epithet Cenaze (or Meyyit) means "corpse" because he was ill when appointed to the post.

Early years[edit]

He was a Circassian servicing in various positions in the Ottoman Empire. He was the acting governor of Tripoliçe (now in Greece) in 1770 during the Russo-Turkish War (1768-1774). He defended the town against a Russia-backed rebellion. Upon this success he was promoted. While he was the governor of Vidin (now north west Bulgaria) he took part in the Battle of Karánsebes in the scope of Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792) and contributed to the victory.[1]

As a grand vizier[edit]

On 28 May 1789, he was appointed as the grand vizier (highest rank of the empire other than that of the sultan). But he was sick in bed when he received the sultan's letter of appointment. So he was nicknamed Cenaze (corpse).[1] On 22 September he persponally led the army against the Austrian-Russian alliance in the Battle of Rymnik (called Boze by the Turks). But he was defeated. After this defeat he was dismissed on 2 December 1789.[2]

Later years[edit]

He was appointed as the governor of Rusçuk (now Ruse in Bulgaria). But later he was exiled to Bozcaada (a Turkish island). In 1792, he was pardoned and appointed as the governor of Silistra (now in Bulgaria). Later he was transferred to various cities like Chania, Heraklion (both in Crete island), Bender (now in Moldova) and Khotyn (now in Ukraine). While he was in Khotyn, he fell prisoner to the Russians in the newly begun Russo-Turkish War (1806–1812). After the peace treaty, he retired and died in Larissa in 1810.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ottoman History page (Turkish)
  2. ^ Nicolae Iorga:Geschichte des ottomanischen Reiches Vol 5 (trans:Nilüfer Epçeli) ISBN 975-6480-22-X pg.83
Preceded by
Koca Yusuf Pasha
Grand Vizier
12 May 1789 – 2 December 1789
Succeeded by
Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha