Cenchrus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Cenchrus (disambiguation).
buffelgrasses
sandburs
sand spurs
Starr 010520-0041 Cenchrus echinatus.jpg
Cenchrus echinatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Genus: Cenchrus
L.[1]
Type species
Cenchrus echinatus[2][3]
L.
Synonyms[4][1]

Cenchropsis Nash Echinaria Fabr., rejected name Nastus Lunell Raram Adans. Runcina Allamand Odontelytrum Hack. Pseudochaetochloa Hitchc.

Cenchrus is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family.[5][3] Its species are native to many countries in Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands.[6][7]

Common names include buffelgrasses, sandburs, and sand spur. Such names allude to the sharp, spine-like burrs characterizing the inflorescences of the members of the genus.[8]

Some botanists include the genus within the related genus Pennisetum.

Species[4][9][10][11]
  1. Cenchrus abyssinicus (Hack.) Morrone - Ethiopia, Tanzania, Yemen, Limpopo, Mpumalanga
  2. Cenchrus agrimonioides Trin.kāmanomano - Hawaiian Islands
  3. Cenchrus arnhemicus (F.Muell.) Morrone - Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory)
  4. Cenchrus biflorus Roxb.kram-kram - Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent, Madagascar
  5. Cenchrus brevisetosus (B.K.Simon) B.K.Simon - Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
  6. Cenchrus brownii Roem. & Schult. - North + South America, West Indies
  7. Cenchrus caliculatus Cav. - Australia, New Zealand, assorted islands in Pacific + Indian Oceans
  8. Cenchrus ciliaris L. – buffelgrass - Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent, Sicily; naturalized in parts of North + South America, Southeast Asia, various islands; considered noxious weed in some places
  9. Cenchrus distichophyllus - Cuba
  10. Cenchrus echinatus L. – common sandbur - North + South America, West Indies; naturalized in pats of Africa, southern Asia, various islands
  11. Cenchrus elymoides - Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
  12. Cenchrus gracillimus Nash - West Indies, southeastern USA
  13. Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Fern. – mat sandbur - Canada, USA, Mexico
  14. Cenchrus mitis Andersson - Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Mozambique
  15. Cenchrus multiflorus J.Presl - Mexico, Central America
  16. Cenchrus myosuroides Kunth - North + South America, West Indies
  17. Cenchrus palmeri Vasey - Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa, Arizona
  18. Cenchrus pennisetiformis Steud. - Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent
  19. Cenchrus pilosus Kunth - from central Mexico to northern Chile
  20. Cenchrus platyacanthus Andersson - Galápagos
  21. Cenchrus prieurii - Sahara, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar
  22. Cenchrus robustus - Queensland, New South Wales
  23. Cenchrus setiger Vahl - Sahara, East Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar, Andaman & Nicobar
  24. Cenchrus somalensis - Somalia
  25. Cenchrus spinifex Cav. – coastal sandbur - North + South America, West Indies
  26. Cenchrus tribuloides L. – sanddune sandbur - North + South America, West Indies
Formerly included[4]

several species now considered better suited to other genera: Anthephora Centotheca Dactyloctenium Echinaria Echinolaena Hackelochloa Hilaria Pennisetum Phragmites Scleria Setaria Trachys Tragus Tribolium

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Cenchrus L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-09. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 
  2. ^ lectotype designated by Green, Prop. Brit. Bot.: 193 (1929)
  3. ^ a b Tropicos, Cenchrus L.
  4. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 1049-1050 in Latin
  6. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 552 蒺藜草属 ji li cao shu Cenchrus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1049. 1753.
  7. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Cenchrus includes photos and range maps for several species
  8. ^ "What is a Sandspur anyway?". shellkey.org. 2008-10-20. Retrieved 2009-11-13. 
  9. ^ "Cenchrus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 
  10. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Cenchrus". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 
  11. ^ The Plant List search for Cenchrus

References[edit]