Censorship in South Asia

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Censorship in South Asia can apply to books, movies, the Internet and other media. Censorship occurs on religious, moral and political grounds, which is controversial in itself as the latter especially is seen as contrary to the tenets of democracy, in terms of freedom of speech and the right to freely criticise the government.

Censorship by country[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

See also: Internet censorship and surveillance in Bangladesh

In June 2006, the government of Bangladesh issued a restraining order preventing Sigma Huda, U.N. special rapporteur on trafficking in persons, from leaving the country to deliver a key report on trafficking before the Human Rights Council in Geneva on June 11, 2007.[1] The U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Louise Arbour, 2007, asked Bangladesh to clarify corruption charges against a U.N. human rights investigator, which will prevent her from addressing the main U.N. rights body.[2] The Coalition Against Trafficking in Women issued a statement calling this "an outrage and a violation of her right to freedom of movement and freedom of speech".[1]

Selective blocking of web sites for brief periods has been reported, including:

Later these blocks were removed.[7]

Several books of the Bangladeshi writer Taslima Nasrin have been banned in Bangladesh and West Bengal.[8]

India[edit]

Several books critical of religion have been banned in India or in parts of India as a precautionary measure to prevent riots or other form of violence. India was the second country in the world to ban The Satanic Verses by Salman Rushdie. The book Understanding Islam through Hadis by Ram Swarup was also banned.

India is listed as engaged in selective Internet filtering in the conflict/security and Internet tools areas and no evidence of filtering was found in the political and social areas by the OpenNet Initiative (ONI) in May 2007.[9] ONI states that:

As a stable democracy with strong protections for press freedom, India’s experiments with Internet filtering have been brought into the fold of public discourse. The selective censorship of Web sites and blogs since 2003, made even more disjointed by the non-uniform responses of Internet service providers (ISPs), has inspired a clamor of opposition. Clearly government regulation and implementation of filtering are still evolving. … Amidst widespread speculation in the media and blogosphere about the state of filtering in India, the sites actually blocked indicate that while the filtering system in place yields inconsistent results, it nevertheless continues to be aligned with and driven by government efforts. Government attempts at filtering have not been entirely effective, as blocked content has quickly migrated to other Web sites and users have found ways to circumvent filtering. The government has also been criticized for a poor understanding of the technical feasibility of censorship and for haphazardly choosing which Web sites to block. The amended IT Act, absolving intermediaries from being responsible for third-party created content, could signal stronger government monitoring in the future.[9]

Pakistan[edit]

The OpenNet Initiative listed Internet filtering in Pakistan as substantial in the social and conflict/security areas, as selective in the Internet tools area, and as suspected in the political area in December 2010.[10]

In late 2010 Pakistanis enjoyed unimpeded access to most sexual, political, social, and religious content on the Internet. Although the Pakistani government does not employ a sophisticated blocking system, a limitation which has led to collateral blocks on entire domains such as Blogspot.com and YouTube.com, it continues to block Web sites containing content it considers to be blasphemous, anti-Islamic, or threatening to internal security. Pakistan has blocked access to websites critical of the government.[10]

In early March 2006, the government temporarily had all websites hosted at the popular blogging service Blogger.com blocked. Millions of websites from all over the world are hosted at blogspot, along with thousands of Pakistani ones. This step by the government is possibly due to the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy, as some blogspot websites put up copies of the cartoons.

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sri Lanka is listed as a country "under surveillance" by Reporters Without Borders in 2011.[11]

Several political and news websites, including tamilnet.com and lankanewsweb.com, have been blocked within the country.[12] Tamilnet has been producing news about the Sri Lankan civil war, focusing in the north and the east of the country, and is seen by the government as a Pro-LTTE news website. A government spokesman has said that he is looking to hire hackers to disable Tamilnet. [13]

The Sri Lanka courts have ordered hundreds of adult sites blocked to "protect women and children".[14][15]

In October and November 2011 the Sri Lankan Telecommunication Regulatory Commission blocked the five websites, www.lankaenews.com, srilankamirror.com, srilankaguardian.com, paparacigossip9.com, and www.lankawaynews.com, for what the government alleges as publishing reports that amount to "character assassination and violating individual privacy" and damaging the character of President Mahinda Rajapaksa, ministers and senior government officials. The five sites have published material critical of the government and alleged corruption and malfeasance by politicians.[16]

See also[edit]

All films banned as rated as "Adults Only" in Sri Lanka from August 2009. "Aksharaya" By Asoka Handagama in Sri Lanka from 2008.*Salman Rushdie

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Details on Sigma Huda", Janice Raymond, Coalition Against Trafficking in Women International, in News Blaze, 8 June 2007
  2. ^ "UN rights boss asks Bangladesh about graft charges", Reuters, 7 June 2007
  3. ^ "ONI Regional Overview: Asia", OpenNet Initiative, June 2009
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Facebook blocked", The Daily Star, 30 May 2010
  6. ^ "YouTube blocked in Bangladesh". Daily Star (Bangladesh). 17 September 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2013. 
  7. ^ "Bangladesh Blocks Access to YouTube". OpenNet Initiative. 22 March 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  8. ^ "Taslima's Banned Books". Retrieved 14 November 2013.
  9. ^ a b "ONI Country Profile: India", OpenNet Initiative, 9 May 2007
  10. ^ a b "ONI Country Profile: Pakistan", OpenNet Initiative, 26 December 2010
  11. ^ "Countries Under Survanence: Sri Lanka", Reporters Without Borders, March 2011
  12. ^ "Popular Tamil website 'blocked'", BBC News, 20 June 2007
  13. ^ "Sri Lanka seeks hackers to down pro-Tiger website". Agence France-Presse (AFP). 20 June 2007. Retrieved 21 June 2007. 
  14. ^ "Sri Lanka court blocks porn websites", The Colombo Times, 25 July 2009
  15. ^ "Sri Lanka bans over 100 porn websites featuring locals", ColomboPage: Sri Lanka Internet Newspaper, 26 August 2010
  16. ^ "Sri Lanka blocks 5 news websites over 'insults'", CBS News via the Associated Press (Colombo, Sri Lanka), 7 November 2011

External links[edit]

India
Sri Lanka