Centaure-class ship of the line

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Class overview
Name: Centaure
Builders: Toulon
Operators:  French Navy
Succeeded by: Téméraire class ship of the line
Planned: 4
Completed: 4
Lost: 4
General characteristics
Type: Ship of the line
Displacement: 1530 tonnes
Length: 54.6 m (179 ft) (first pair)
Beam: 14.3 m (47 ft) (first pair)
Draught: 7 m (23 ft) (first pair)
Propulsion: Sail
Armament: 74 guns
Armour: Timber
Notes: Ships in class include: Centaure, Heureux, Séduisant, Mercure

The Centaure class was a class of 74-gun ships of the line of the French Navy, comprising four ships, all of which built at Toulon Dockyard to a design by Joseph-Marie-Blaise Coulomb in the year following the close of the American Revolutionary War. After the first two ships were begun, the design was amended for the second pair (which were 5¼ feet longer, and also had slightly less breadth and depth in hold) – which are accordingly often described as the Séduisant Class. All four ships were destroyed or captured by the British navy during the French Revolutionary War.

Ships in class[edit]

Builder: Toulon
Ordered:
Begun: May 1782
Launched: 7 November 1782
Completed: December 1782
Fate: Burnt by the British Navy during the evacuation of Toulon in December 1793.
Builder: Toulon
Ordered: 15 February 1782
Begun: May 1782
Launched: 19 December 1782
Completed: April 1783
Fate: Burnt by the British after the Battle of the Nile, 2 August 1798.
Builder: Toulon
Ordered: 1 June 1782
Begun: August 1782
Launched: 5 July 1783
Completed: 1783
Fate: Wrecked, 16 December 1796
Builder: Toulon
Ordered: 1 June 1782
Begun: August 1782
Launched: 4 August 1783
Completed: 1783
Fate: Burnt by the British after the Battle of the Nile, 2 August 1798

References[edit]

  • Demerliac, Cmdt. Alain, Nomenclature des navires français de 1774 a 1792. Editions ANCRE, Nice.