Centennial Park group
The Centennial Park group is a fundamentalist Mormon group, with approximately 1,500 members, who broke with Leroy S. Johnson, leader and senior member of the Priesthood Council of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in the early 1980s. There is no formal relationship between the FLDS Church and the Centennial Park, Arizona community. The group is also known as the “Second Ward”, "The Work of Jesus Christ" and "The Work".
The Centennial Park group was profiled on the ABC television program Primetime in a story entitled The Outsiders, and also on The Oprah Winfrey Show. It was also featured in Dawn Porter's television documentary, Dawn Porter: Extreme Wife and on the National Geographic Channel series Polygamy, USA.
The Centennial Park group's claims of authority are based around the accounts of John Wickersham Woolley, Lorin Calvin Woolley and others of a meeting in September 1886 between LDS Church President John Taylor, the Woolleys, and others. Prior to the meeting, Taylor is said to have met with Jesus Christ and the deceased church founder, Joseph Smith, Jr., and to have received a revelation commanding that plural marriage should not cease, but be kept alive by a group separate from the LDS Church. The following day, the Woolleys, and others, were said to have been set apart to keep "the principle" alive.
Members of the Centennial Park group see their history as going back to Joseph Smith and to the beliefs he espoused and practices he established. Until the 1950s, Mormon fundamentalists were largely one group.
Priesthood Council split
In the early 1980s, significant disagreement arose regarding the question of the presiding authority of the FLDS Church. This disagreement was over what is called the “one man doctrine”, or if there was “one man” who presided over the priesthood or if the entire Priesthood Council presided. The term “One Man Doctrine” refers to section 132: 7 of the Doctrine and Covenants, a part of the open scriptural canon of several denominations of the Latter Day Saint movement, which states that only “there is never but one on the earth at a time on whom this power and the keys of this priesthood are conferred".
After two council members, Carl Holm and Richard Jessop, died, Leroy Johnson, as senior member of the Priesthood Council, was responsible for recommending new replacements. However, Johnson believing in the “one man doctrine”, made no recommendations for new Priesthood Council members.
Then, on 11 July 1983, Guy Musser died, leaving the council evenly split between those who believed in the “one man doctrine” and those who did not. The remaining council members who opposed the "one man doctrine" were Marion Hammon and Alma Timpson.
In February 1984, Johnson's health improved enough for him to speak to the FLDS membership. Johnson had seldom participated in fundamentalist meetings for quite some time due to illness. He stated,
"I want to say a few words to these men who sit here on the stand today. (He turned to face J. Marion Hammon and Alma A. Timpson.) The Lord gave you men five and a half years to change your thinking on this principle of having one man holding the sealing powers in the earth at a time, and you have made a miserable mess of it by coming here and preaching over this pulpit that I was about to die because of my attitude towards this principle."
Six days later, he declared
"I want to tell you, the first thing that is going to take place is the cleaning up of the Priesthood Council. I want to tell these men on the stand, B Brother J. Marion Hammon, and Brother Alma Adelbert Timpson, that from now on, I am throwing you off my back, and I am not going to carry you any more."
Then Johnson dismissed Hammon and Timpson as members of the Priesthood Council and attempts were made to evict residents siding with Hammon and Timpson from their properties owned by the United Effort Plan, which was once a subsidiary organization of the FLDS church that owns most of the property in Hildale and Colorado City.
Centennial Park ("Second Ward")
On 13 May 1984, the portion of Johnson’s followers who were dismissed or left on their own held their first Priesthood Meeting just outside of town. They named their group the “Second Ward” in contrast to those following Johnson, whom the Centennial Park group refers to as the “First Ward.” Initially they met in the home of Alma Timpson.
By 27 September 1986, the Centennial Park group had built a meeting house and, in 2003, a charter school was built for the town's growing elementary-age population.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and the Kingdom of God
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and the Kingdom of God, also known as the Nielsen/Naylor Group and the "Third Ward", is a group based in the Salt Lake Valley and has around 200 members. It broke with the Centennial Park group after Hammon died in 1988, leaving Alma Timpson as the presiding priesthood leader. Timpson called Frank Naylor as an apostle and Ivan Neilsen as a high priest and later as bishop. Eventually, Naylor and Nielsen disagreed with Timpson’s leadership, prompting them to migrate north to Salt Lake County and create the "Third Ward", with Frank Naylor presiding.
Doctrines and practices
The Centennial Park group is led by a “Priesthood Council” and teaches the doctrine of plural marriage. This doctrine states that a man having multiple wives is ordained by God. The doctrine requires multiple wives in order for a man to receive the highest form of salvation. Like the FLDS Church, they practice a form of placement marriage, but men do not solicit marriage. That decision is usually left up to the women, who pray for inspiration from God to show them whom they are meant to marry. The exception to this practice is demonstrated on Polygamy, USA when a young woman in the community requests that the Brethren of the church take over this task, having already prayed for divine inspiration for two years without discovering the identity of her intended spouse.
According to members, this group does not permit the marriage of girls under the age of 18. Young ladies are encouraged rather to excel at school, and to become well rounded, intelligent individuals.
Additionally, most members dress in modest, yet modern attire.
- Factional breakdown: Mormon fundamentalist sects
- Mormon fundamentalism
- List of Mormon fundamentalist churches
- List of Mormon fundamentalist leaders
- Waterlow, Lucy (2014-01-27), "'Every man knows marriage is hard work... we have that times THREE': Mormon husband on living with multiple wives", Mail Online [dailymail.co.uk] (Daily Mail), retrieved 2014-02-03[unreliable source?]
- Utah Attorney General’s Office and Arizona Attorney General's Office. The Primer, Helping Victims of Domestic Violence and Child Abuse in Polygamous Communities. Updated June 2006. Page 14.
- Centennial Park Action Committee, Centennial Park committee website
- "Polygamy USA | National Geographic Channel". Channel.nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
- Hales, Brian C. (2009), "History Behind the Split – the one man doctrine"(2009) Centennial Park and the “Second Ward”.
- LDS D&C 132:7
- Leroy s. Johnson Sermon, page 7:351, held 5 August 1962 in Hilton, as found at in Hilton, “Polygamy in Utah Since the Manifesto,” 53.[full citation needed]
- "Masada Charter School: Home". Masadaschool.org. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
- "Masada Charter School - Colorado City, Arizona - AZ - School overview". Greatschools.org. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
- Centennial Park Action Committee, Centennial Park committee website