Center for Naval Analyses
|Origins||U.S. Navy Anti-submarine Warfare Operations Research Group|
Robert Murray, President & CEOKatherine McGrady, Ph.D., Executive Vice President & COO
|Focus(es)||Research and analysis services to DoD and other government agencies|
|Motto||"Analysis and Solutions"|
CNA is a not-for-profit organization that serves the public's interests by providing in-depth research and solutions-oriented analyses to help decision makers choose the best course of action in setting policy and managing operations. CNA is not an acronym. It represents the parent organization of the CNA Institute for Public Research, a not-for-profit research and analysis organizations serving all levels of government, and the CNA Center for Naval Analyses, the federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) for the United States Navy and Marine Corps. It also provides research and analysis services to other military and government agencies to help improve the efficiency and effectiveness of U.S. national defense efforts.
CNA traces its roots to World War II. During the Battle of the Atlantic the Navy turned to a small group of MIT scientists for help in responding to the German U-boat threat. These scientists pioneered the concept of operations research by insisting on deploying with Navy forces in order to directly observe operational challenges and collect the data needed for meaningful analyses. Their groundbreaking work not only resulted in anti-submarine warfare barrier equations that set the standard for future operations research methods, it also helped establish operations research and analysis as a distinct field, and style, of study. Over its more than 60 year history, CNA’s work has been defined by multi-disciplinary, field-based "real world" operations research and analysis that combines observation of people, decisions, and processes by rigorously trained analysts to help decision makers understand the consequences of possible actions and to implement the best possible solutions.
In February 2008, CNA's Center for Naval Analyses launched its SIPRNET website, a classified version of the Internet, used by the Department of Defense and Department of State.
CNA Advanced Technology & Systems Analysis (ATSA)
Areas of focus: aviation systems and technology; science and technology; information technology and operations; force structure and employment; maritime search and undersea warfare; expeditionary systems and support
Research conducted by CNA Advanced Technology & Systems Analysis focuses on analyses of ways to improve future material readiness for the Navy, Marine Corps, and other components of the Department of Defense. Analysts conduct assessments of alternative technical and systems approaches designed to address emerging gaps in the capabilities of U.S. forces, and assess the cost, performance, and risks of various material solutions to address these gaps. ATSA analysts develop a thorough understanding of sponsors’ objectives and operating environments – including sea, land, air, space, and cyberspace – and of the performance characteristics of supporting technologies and systems. Analysts also serve as a link between scientists and engineers in the research and development communities and operators in the Fleet and Marine Forces.
CNA China Studies
Areas of focus: defense and security affairs; foreign policy and transformational issues; leadership and domestic politics; institutional and organizational analyses; internal security; social change, and governance
CNA China Studies is provides the American public, government officials, and business leaders with high-level analyses of important issues in U.S.-China relations, emerging trends within China, and its changing role in world affairs. Analyses are conducted by researchers who have lived, worked, or studied in China, Hong Kong, or Taiwan and for whom Chinese is a working research language, and publications and programs are designed to provide the insights and context need for leaders make informed judgments and develop sound plans.
CNA Marine Corps Division
Areas of focus: logistics and infrastructure; manpower and training; operations and plans; aviation; combat development and integration; programs and resources
CNA’s Marine Corps Program conducts analyses on a wide range of issues critical to the Marine Corps leadership, using CNA Headquarters-based analysts as well as analysts serving in the field at Marine Forces Command, Marine Forces Pacific, Marine Special Operations Command, the three Marine Expeditionary Forces, and Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics Squadron One (MAWTS-1). Analysts are also assigned to support the Deputy Commandants and their staffs and other Marine Corps organizations including the Marine Corps Warfighting Lab, Marine Corps Systems Command, and the Commander, Marine Forces Reserve.
CNA Operations Evaluation Group (OEG)
Areas of focus: strategic analysis; tactical analysis; operational analysis; operational testing; readiness and training
CNA Operations Evaluation Group conducts ongoing, field-based research focused on a host of strategic, operational, and tactical challenges facing decision-makers at Navy, Marine Corps, and Joint commands. Through its Field Program, OEG sends analysts on two- to three-year deployments to provide real-time analytic support to operational commands around the world (including aircraft carrier strike groups, Marine expeditionary forces, the U.S. Central Command, and the U.S. Pacific Command).
CNA Operations & Tactics Analysis (OTA)
Areas of focus: maritime domain awareness; combat system interoperability; fleet systems; command-and-control structures: precision strike warfare; consequence management; counter-IED and counter-mining; aircrew training; engagement and humanitarian assistance operations; and training for operators at the tactical and operational levels of war
CNA Operations & Tactics Analysis focuses primarily on evaluating current military operations and capabilities – from major combat, to smaller-scale directed strikes, to peacetime engagement missions with partner nations to build capacity or provide humanitarian assistance. OTA also evaluates the effectiveness of new tactics and systems employed to counter such threats as mines, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), chemical/biological/radiation weapons, GPS jammers, and cruise/ballistic missiles.
CNA Resource Analysis
Areas of focus: infrastructure and readiness; manpower management; materials management; environment, climate change, and energy; facilities and real estate; acquisition and cost management; budget and execution management; metrics and competitive sourcing; cost and schedule analysis; workforce, education, and training
CNA Resource Analysis provides analytical services to help develop, evaluate, and implement policies, practices, and programs that make people, budgets, and assets more effective and efficient. All of the division’s analyses are aimed at resolving sponsors’ problems through empirical research, or through modeling and simulation
CNA Strategic Studies
Areas of focus: political-military issues; irregular warfare; in-theater analysis of Afghanistan and Iraq operations; strategic concepts and futures planning; leadership analysis; U.S. military engagement and shaping activities; Middle East and Latin America security issues; East Asia security strategies; the Afghanistan/Pakistan nexus; Project Iran; North Africa Piracy and the Gulf of Guinea
CNA Strategic Studies is CNA’s focal point for the research and analysis of regional political-military and policy issues, and U.S. strategy and force assessment planning. Its work is characterized by a heavy use of primary sources of information, the operational and policy expertise of its analysts—which includes foreign language skills and experience gained by living, working, or studying abroad—and by recommendations that focus on understanding the “why” behind today’s headlines and identifying and analyzing “the issue after next.”
Military Advisory Board
In 2006 CNA convened a Military Advisory Board (MAB) of retired three- and four-star flag and general officers from the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps to assess the impact of global climate change on key matters of national security and lay the groundwork for mounting responses to the threats found. Sherri W. Goodman founded the CNA MAB and serves as its Executive Director.
In April 2007 CNA released the MAB's report, National Security and the Threat of Climate Change, that articulates the concept of climate change acting as a "threat multiplier" for instability in some of the most volatile regions of the world and identifies key challenges that must be planned for now if they are to be met effectively in the future.
In May 2009 CNA’s MAB released its second report, Powering America’s Defense: Energy and the Risks to National Security. This report (which builds on the first report’s finding that "climate change, national security, and energy dependence are a related set of global challenges”) explores the impact of America's energy choices on our national security policies, and considers: the security risks inherent in our current energy posture; the energy choices America can make to enhance national security; and the role the Department of Defense can play in the nation’s approach to energy security and climate change.
The MAB’s third report, Powering America’s Economy: Energy Innovation at the Crossroads of National Security Challenges, released in July 2010, explores the growing challenges presented by the links that tie America’s energy posture to its economy and national security. It looks at the potential opportunities that could result from the transition to a clean energy technology-based economy and the key role that the Department of Defense (DOD) can play to support innovation and commercialization of clean, low-carbon energy, thereby directly contributing to America’s future economic competitiveness and bolstering national security.
- "''National Security and the Threat of Climate Change''". Cna.org. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
- "Powering America’s Defense: Energy and the Risks to National Security". Cna.org. Retrieved 2013-01-15.
- "Powering America’s Economy: Energy Innovation at the Crossroads of National Security Challenges". Cna.org. Retrieved 2013-01-15.