Center for Southeastern Tropical Advanced Remote Sensing

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The Center for Southeastern Tropical Advanced Remote Sensing (CSTARS) is a ground station that receives imagery data from a variety of remote sensing satellites. CSTARS is owned and operated by the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, a college within the University of Miami.

CSTARS logo.jpg

Overview[edit]

CSTARS is a state-of-the-art real-time satellite reception and analysis facility located in southern Miami-Dade county, Florida. Its mission is collect satellite imagery for environmental monitoring of hurricanes, volcanoes, landslides and other natural or man made disasters.[1]

In 2000, the University of Miami purchased the United States Naval Observatory Secondary National Time Standard Facility. The purchase included 78 acres (320,000 m2) of land with several buildings and a 20 meter antenna once used for Very Long Baseline Interferometry.[2] This large antenna is currently used to support scientific communications with the Antarctic (on behalf of the National Science Foundation). Two 11 meter X-band antennas were added to create a high bandwidth data reception capability for the downlink of satellite image data. Scientists and staff perform research and analysis activities on-site as well.[3]

The station mask covers a very large area stretching from Hudson Bay in northeastern Canada down to northern South America in the south. The mask includes Central America, the eastern Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean Basin, the Gulf of Mexico and much of the Eastern US including Eastern Seaboard.[4] CSTARS provides a VoIP communication system for the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station.[5]

CSTARS is located on the Richmond campus of the University of Miami at 25°36′49″N 80°23′02″W / 25.6137°N 80.384°W / 25.6137; -80.384Coordinates: 25°36′49″N 80°23′02″W / 25.6137°N 80.384°W / 25.6137; -80.384.[6]

Hurricane Katrina Damage Assessment and Disaster Relief[edit]

CSTARS played a vital role in the damage assessment and relief efforts of New Orleans and the Gulf Coast in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. [7] The first remote sensing images illustrating the extent of the flooding in New Orleans were collected at CSTARS.[8]

Project with Department of Homeland Security (DHS)[edit]

The United States Department of Homeland Security has included CSTARS as one of its "Centers of Excellence" so that CSTARS will work with the Stevens Institute of Technology to research port security and maritime monitoring issues.[5][9]

Project with Office of Naval Research (ONR)[edit]

The Office of Naval Research awarded CSTARS a grant to support satellite based research studies on internal waves and typhoons in the western Pacific Ocean.[10]

Admiral James G. Stavridis on CSTARS[edit]

Admiral James Stavridis, former commanding officer of United States Southern Command, writes about CSTARS in his book Partnership for the Americas. In chapter 7 entitled "Innovation", he describes how CSTARS aided SOUTHCOM in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HA/DR) efforts during his tenure:

Another success story can be found in an academia innovation partnership formed with the University of Miami’s Center for Southeastern Tropical Advanced Remote Sensing (CSTARS). The concept of using CSTARS was to determine how well access to a constellation of unclassified commercial satellites could support traditional Southern Command missions. Initial demonstrations were conducted with promising results. Subsequent letters of endorsements and demand signals for future use of CSTARS were published and promulgated to various centers of excellence and a funding mechanism was established within Southern Command. Within a year of the initial CSTARS demonstrations, hurricanes ravaged Haiti in 2008 and Southern Command responded with assistance, including an impromptu emergency redeployment of USS Kearsarge from its previously scheduled mission. Assessment of inland damage caused by the hurricanes was a critical need to the humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HA/DR) efforts, and CSTARS provided vital imagery to those operations to quickly determine areas of highest damage and evaluation of inland infrastructure. Unclassified CSTARS imagery and information were then rapidly broadcast and distributed to both DOD and interagency responders via unclassified email. This response was only possible due to the groundwork laid during the initial CSTARS demonstration and a long-term vision for follow-on support made possible by CSTARS to Southern Command.[11]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "http://www.ndu.edu/press/stavridis.html".