Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments

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The Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments (CSBA) is an independent[non-primary source needed], non-profit, Washington, D.C.-based think tank specializing in US defense policy, force planning, and budgets. It is headed by Andrew Krepinevich, a West Point graduate. According to its website, CSBA’s mission is “to promote innovative thinking and debate about national security strategy, defense planning and military investment options… [and] to enable policymakers to make informed decisions in matters of strategy, security policy and resource allocation.”[1]


CSBA traces its origins to the Defense Budget Project, which was established by Gordon Adams in 1983 at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities in order to “fill a vital information gap in the policy debate” during the Reagan Administration’s defense buildup.” In May 1995, the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments was incorporated in its current form under the leadership of Andrew F. Krepinevich, Jr. Over the next decade, CSBA played a prominent role in the debate over the revolution in military affairs (RMA) and the transformation of the US military.

Since September 11, 2001, CSBA has focused its analysis on linking near-term requirements to longer term challenges. According to the group’s website, CSBA “looks out two to three decades to identify emerging security challenges and opportunities.” CSBA describes its current efforts as “drawing attention to a set of worrisome and profound emerging areas of concern: a rising China threat in the Pacific Theater; a nuclear-armed Iran; maintaining the US defense industrial base; and realigning the defense budget.” Over the past few years, CSBA has played a prominent role in the ongoing development of an AirSea Battle concept by the U.S. Air Force and Navy.[2]

CSBA is a 501(c)(3) non-profit educational organization. The group’s public education and research program is funded by grants and contributions from a range of foundations and corporations. The majority of CSBA's income comes from research support under contract with the Department of Defense, military Services and Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).[3]

In 2007, the CSBA's director, Andrew Krepinevich, admitted that it had hired Alexis Debat as a consultant; the man, who worked at Nixon Center and for ABC News, had been revealed by French newspaper Rue 89 as a fraud, leading to his dismissal from all responsibilities.[4]

Recent Publications[edit]

Shaping America's Future Military: Toward a New Force Planning Construct, by Mark Gunzinger

Strategic Choices Exercise

Beyond the Ramparts: The Future of U.S. Special Operations Forces, by Jim Thomas and Chris Dougherty

Nuclear-Conventional Firebreaks and the Nuclear Taboo, by Barry Watts

Strategic Choices: Navigating Austerity, by Todd Harrison and Mark Gunzinger

Analysis of the FY2013 Defense Budget and Sequestration, by Todd Harrison

What the Fiscal Cliff Means for Defense, by Todd Harrison

Strategy in Austerity, by Andrew Krepinevich, Simon Chin, and Todd Harrison

Rebalancing Military Compensation: An Evidence-Based Approach, by Todd Harrison

Changing the Game: The Promise of Directed-Energy Weapons, by Mark Gunzinger and Chris Dougherty

The Road Ahead: Future Challenges and Their Implications for Ground Vehicle Modernization, by Andrew Krepinevich and Eric Lindsey

Outside-In: Operating From Range to Defeat Iran's Anti-Access and Area-Denial Threats, by Mark Gunzinger with Chris Dougherty

Understanding America's Contested Primacy, by Dr. Eric S. Edelman

Sustaining America's Strategic Advantage in Long-Range Strike, by Mark Gunzinger

AirSea Battle: A Point-of-Departure Operational Concept, by Jan van Tol with Mark Gunzinger, Andrew Krepinevich, and Jim Thomas


Key personnel currently or formerly employed by CSBA include the following:

  • Andrew F. Krepinevich, Jr., (LTC, USA, ret.) President, (1993 to present)
  • Jim Thomas, Vice President for Studies, former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Resources and Plans and Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy
  • Steven M. Kosiak, former Vice President for Budget Studies (1991-2009), now Associate Director for Defense and International Affairs at the Office of Management and Budget
  • Michael G. Vickers, former Vice President for Strategic Studies, now Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence, former Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations / Low-Intensity Conflict & Interdependent Capabilities (SO/LIC&IC)
  • Robert C. Martinage, former Vice President for Strategic Studies, now Principal Deputy Undersecretary of the Navy for Policy, Plans, Oversight, and Integration (PPOI), former Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, Special Operations / Low-Intensity Conflict & Interdependent Capabilities (SO/LIC&IC) (1996-2009)
  • Robert O. Work (Col, USMC, ret.), former Vice President for Strategic Studies, now Under Secretary of the Navy (1998-2009)
  • Eric S. Edelman, Distinguished Fellow, former Undersecretary of Defense for Policy (2005-2009), Ambassador to Turkey (2003-2005), Ambassador to Finland (1998-2001)
  • Barry Watts (Col, USAF, ret.), Senior Fellow, former director, Program Analysis and Evaluation (PA&E)
  • Mark Gunzinger (Col, USAF, ret.), Senior Fellow, former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Force Transformation and Resources
  • Jan van Tol (CAPT, USN, ret.), Senior Fellow
  • Dakota Wood (LtCol, USMC, ret.) Senior Fellow
  • Todd Harrison, Senior Fellow

Board of directors[edit]


External links[edit]