|10×10−3 m||10 mm|
|US customary / Imperial units|
|32.81×10−3 ft||0.39370 in|
|Look up centimetre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
A centimetre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; symbol cm) or centimeter (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one hundredth of a metre, which is the SI base unit of length. Centi is the SI prefix for a factor of 10−2. Hence a centimetre can be written as 1×10−2 m, 10×10−3 m (engineering notation) or 1E−2 m (scientific E notation) — meaning 10 mm or 1 m/100 respectively. The centimetre was the base unit of length in the now deprecated centimetre-gram-second (CGS) system of units.
Though for many physical quantities, SI prefixes for factors of 103—like milli- and kilo-—are often preferred by technicians, the centimetre remains a practical unit of length for many everyday measurements. A centimetre is approximately the width of the fingernail of an adult person (between 3/8 in and 7/16 inch on an English inch ruler).
Equivalence to other units of length
1 centimetre is equal to:
- 10 millimetres
- 0.01 metre, which can be represented by 1.00 E-2 m (1 metre is equal to 100 centimetres)
- about 0.393700787401575 inch (1 inch is equal to 2.54 centimetres) 
Uses of centimetre
In addition to its use in the measurement of length, the centimetre is used:
- sometimes, to report the level of rainfall as measured by a rain gauge 
- in the CGS system, the centimetre is used to measure capacitance, where 1 cm of capacitance = Farad 
- in maps, centimetres are used to make conversions from map scale to real world scale (kilometres)
- to represent second moment of areas (cm4)
- as the inverse of the kayser, a CGS unit, and thus a non-SI metric unit of wavenumber: 1 kayser=1 wave/centimetre; or, more generally, (wavenumber in kaysers)=1/(wavelength in centimetres).
- centimetre (㎝) – code 339D
- square centimetre (㎠) – code 33A0
- cubic centimetre (㎤) – code 33A4
They are mostly used only with East Asian fixed-width CJK fonts, because they are equal in size to one Chinese character.
- 1 E-2 m
- Conversion of units, for comparison with other units of length
- Reciprocal centimetre
- Orders of magnitude (length)
- BIPM - SI prefixes
- Inch - from Eric Weisstein's World of Physics
- Rain Measurement, Rain Gauge, Wireless Rain Gauge, Rain Gage, Rain Gauge Data
- Capacitance - from Eric Weisstein's World of Physics
-  CJK Compatibility excerpt from The Unicode Standard, Version 4.1.
- CJK Compatibility excerpt from The Unicode Standard, Version 4.4 and co-exterior users.