Central African red colobus

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Central African red colobus[1]
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Procolobus
Subgenus: Piliocolobus
Species: P. foai
Binomial name
Procolobus foai
(de Pousargues, 1899)

The Central African red colobus (Procolobus foai) is an Old World monkey in the Cercopithecidae family. It is found in humid forests in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, and Sudan.[1]


The taxonomy is potentially confusing. Procolobus foai has, together with all other red colobuses, been considered a subspecies of Procolobus badius.[3] When considered a separate species, the scientific name Procolobus oustaleti (Trouessart, 1906) has been used for the Central African Red Colobus,[4] but this is incorrect, as the taxon foai precedes oustaleti by 7 years.[1] Additionally, the taxon tephrosceles has been considered a subspecies of the Central African red colobus,[4] but following Groves (2001) it is here recognized as a separate species, the Ugandan red colobus. Alternatively, it has been suggested that the Central African red colobus should be considered a subspecies of P. rufomitratus.[2] As here defined, the Central African red colobus has 5 subspecies, although these are variable and hard to separate:[1]

  • Procolobus foai foai
  • Procolobus foai ellioti
  • Procolobus foai oustaleti
  • Procolobus foai semlikiensis
  • Procolobus foai parmentierorum


  1. ^ a b c d Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M, eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 169. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  2. ^ a b Struhsaker, T. & Oates, J. F. (2008). Procolobus rufomitratus ssp. oustaleti. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
  3. ^ Rowe, N. (1996). The Pictorial Guide to the Living Primates. Pogonia Press, Charlestown, Rhode Island. ISBN 0-9648825-0-7. 
  4. ^ a b Kingdon, J. (1997). The Kingdon Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press Limited, London. ISBN 0-12-408355-2.