Central Armed Police Forces

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A member of India's Border Security Force

The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) (Hindi:केंद्रीय सशस्त्र पुलिस बल) are the following eight police forces under the authority of the central government of India.

List of CAPF Units[edit]

The following are the eight police forces and their objectives.

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)[edit]

A CRPF Commando

The Central Reserve Police Force is the largest of the Central Armed Police Forces units with 325,000 personnel in 245 battalions.[1][2][3] The Central Reserve Police includes:

Border Security Force (BSF)[edit]

The primary role of the Border Security Force is to guard the land borders of the country, except the mountains. It has 240,000 personnel in 186 battalions,[5][6][7] and is headed by an Indian Police Service Officer.

Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)[edit]

The Indo-Tibetan Border Police is deployed for guarding duties on the border with China from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Diphu La in Arunachal Pradesh covering a total distance of 2488 km.[8] It has 77,000 personnel in 55 battalions.[9][10]

Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)[edit]

The objective of the Sashastra Seema Bal (English: Armed Border Force) is to guard the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Borders. It has 82,000 personnel and 48 battalions, as well as some reserved battalions.[11]

Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)[edit]

One of the largest industrial security forces in the world, the Central Industrial Security Force provides security to various PSUs and other critical infrastructure installations across the country. It has a total strength of about 112,000 personnel in 132 battalions.[12][13]

Railway Protection Force (RPF)[edit]

Established under the RPF Act 1957, the Railway Protection Force is charged with providing security for the Indian Railways.[14] The strength of RPF is about 65,000.

National Security Guards (NSG)[edit]

The National Security Guards is an elite counter terrorist and rapid response force. Its roles include conducting anti-sabotage checks, rescuing hostages, neutralizing terrorist threats to vital installations, engaging terrorists, responding to hijacking and piracy and protecting VIPs. It has 8636 personnel (including 1086 personnel for regional hubs[15]).

Special Protection Group (SPG)[edit]

The Special Protection Group was formed in 1988 by an act of the Parliament of India for "providing proximate security to the Prime Minister of India and former Prime Minister of India and members of their immediate families (wife, husband, children and parents)". Family members of a serving Prime Minister (PM) may decline security. Former PMs and their immediate family members may also, if they choose, decline SPG security

See also[edit]


  1. ^ GreaterKashmir.com (Greater Service) (2011-04-18). "CRPF ALL SET FOR IMAGE MAKEOVER". Greaterkashmir.com. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  2. ^ "CRPF to induct 38 new battalions in the coming years". Zeenews.com. Retrieved 2014-02-26. 
  3. ^ "‘CRPF to raise 37 new battalions by 2018’". Indian Express. 2010-03-13. Retrieved 2014-02-26. 
  4. ^ "COBRA to sting Naxal virus: new force gets Centre nod". Financial Express. 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2014-02-26. 
  5. ^ IBTL (2012-12-01). "Border Security Force ( BSF ) - Duty unto Death | Dec 1, 1965 Foundation Day - IBTL". Ibtl.in. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  6. ^ "First ever women BSF to guard the Indian borders". Ibnlive.in.com. 2009-07-18. Retrieved 2014-02-26. 
  7. ^ "::Welcome to". Newsbharati.com. 2013-02-23. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  8. ^ "Indo-Tibetan Border Police". Archive.india.gov.in. Retrieved 2014-02-09. 
  9. ^ "ITBP to have 90,000-strong force by 2015". Hindustan Times. 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  10. ^ "ITBP to get 15 new battalions". Indian Express. 2009-10-24. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  11. ^ "Guarding the Nation’s Frontiers | eGov Magazine". Egov.eletsonline.com. 2013-03-06. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  12. ^ "About CISF". Cisf.nic.in. Retrieved 2014-02-09. 
  13. ^ "Govt to recruit 20,000 women in paramilitary forces in 3 years". NDTV.com. 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  14. ^ Railway Protection Force, Indianrailways.gov.in, retrieved 2014-02-09 
  15. ^ Praveen Swami (2011-07-21). "The Indian fine art of faking security". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 

External links[edit]