Central Bank of Madagascar
The bank's mission is to, in collaboration with the general government, and in observation of the laws of finance, to maintain the general political economy of Madagascar; and to maintain the national monetary reserves. offices of the bank are located in Antananarivo.
The Banque Centrale de Madagascar has origins in the Banque de Madagascar, which issued the Malagasy franc (MGF), beginning in 1925, as Madagascar's currency. In 1945 the Banque de Madagascar et des Comores was formed and the currency became united with that of the Comoros in the form of the Madagascar-Comores CFA franc (XMCF); concurrent with the creation of many other African franc currencies.
After Madagascar's independence from France in 1960, Madagascar began issuing the Malagasy franc (MGF) again, as the currencies of the Comoros and Madascar were separated.
In 1973, Madagascar left the CFA franc zone and the Malagasy franc was declared inconvertible by the authorities of the Confederation Franc Africaine. Madagascar's coins and banknotes were then issued by Madagascar's Institut d'Émission Malgache until 1974 when the Banque Centrale de Madagascar was formed. And, since 2005, the Malagasy ariary (MGA), issued by the Banque Centrale de Madagascar, has been the country's currency.
The BCM reports to the government agency: Commission de Supervision Bancaire et Financaire.
The bank maintains 2 branches:
...and 8 agency offices:
- Antsiranana ATS
- Nosy Be NSB
- Mahajanga MGA
- Sambava SBV
- Manakara MKR
- Tolagnaro FTD
- Morondava MDV
- Toliary TUL
List of governors
- 1973-1983 : Leon Maxime Rajaobelina
- 1984-1988 : Richard Randriamaholy
- 1988-1993 : Blandin Razafimanjato
- 1993-1994 : Raoul Joëlson Ravelomanana
- 1996-2007 : Gaston Edouard Ravelojaona
- 29 Jan 2007 - : Frédéric Rasamoely
- Central banks and currencies of Africa
- Economy of Madagascar
- List of central banks
- Malagasy ariary, the unit of currency from 2005
- Malagasy franc former currency
- Madagascar-Comores CFA franc former currency
- "AFI members". AFI Global. 2011-10-10. Retrieved 2012-02-17.
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