Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam

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The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam ) established 1930, is the highest authority within the Communist Party of Vietnam elected by the Party National Congresses. The current Central Committee has about 175 full members and 25 alternate members and nominally appoints the Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

History[edit]

1st (1930–1951)[edit]

The Hong Kong conference (held in Kowloon City, chaired by Nguyễn Ái Quốc) in February 1930 [1]founding the Communist Party of Vietnam elected a nine-member Provisional Central Committee, consisting of three members from Tonkin, two from Annam, two from Cochinchina, and two from the Overseas Chinese community.[2]

In October 1930, Hong Kong, at its first plenum, the party changed its name to the Indochinese Communist Party (Đảng Cộng Sản Đông Dương). A Central Committee was elected comprising six members. Trần Phú was elected Party General Secretary; he died in 1931.

In March 1931, at Saigon, 2nd Conference of Central Committee was conducted under the chairmanship of General Secretary Trần Phú.

In March 1934, after a period of active preparation, the Overseas Executive Committee of the Indochinese Communist Party founded, meeting in June 1934, at Macau and chaired by Lê Hồng Phong.

The first Congress of the Indochinese Communist Party was held at Guangong street, Macau, from March 27 to March 31, 1935 in the presence of 13 delegates from domestic and overseas Party committees, chaired by Hà Huy Tập.

The Congress elected a 13-member Party Central Committee and a five-member Standing Board. Lê Hồng Phong was elected General Secretary. The Central Committee appointed Nguyễn Ái Quốc (later known as Ho Chi Minh) as representative of the Indochinese Communist Party to the Communist International.

The General Secretaries of the Party in this period were Lê Hồng Phong (March 1935 to 1936); Hà Huy Tập (1936 to 1938); Nguyễn Văn Cừ (March 1938 to January 1940); and Trường Chinh (May 1941 to November 1956).

On January 28, 1941, Hồ Chí Minh returned Vietnam and chaired the Party Central Committee conference in May 1941. He gave priority to the task of national liberation and established the Viet Minh Front. Trường Chinh was elected the Party General Secretary.

On August 13, 1945, the Party National Conference presided over by Hồ Chí Minh was held in northern Tuyên Quang Province, launching an uprising to seize power from the French and Japanese.[3]

Important members of the Central Committee included:

  • Lê Hồng Phong (died 1942) - Secretary of the Overseas Executive Committee (1934–35), General Secretary of CPV (1935–36), member of Executive Committee of the Comintern (from 1935), members of Standing Committee of the Party's Central Committee (since 1937)
  • Hà Huy Tập (died 1941) - Secretary of the Overseas Executive Committee (1935–36), General Secretary of CPV (1936–38), member of Standing Committee (elected 1938)

2nd (1951–60)[edit]

The second National Party Congress was held in Vinh Quang commune, Chiem Hoa district, the northern mountainous province of Tuyen Quang, from February 11 to February 19, 1951.

The congress decided the Party should take the new name "Vietnam Labour Party". The congress elected a Central Committee of 19 official members and 10 alternate members. Hồ Chí Minh was elected as the Party President and Trường Chinh, the General Secretary.[4]

Full members of the Central Committee:

Alternate members:

(...)

The Politburo:

Secretariat of the Central Committee:

3rd (1960–1976)[edit]

The third National Party Congress in Hanoi from September 5–10, 1960 elected a Party Central Committee with 47 official members and 31 alternative members.[4]

Hồ Chí Minh was re-elected as the Party’s President. Lê Duẩn was elected as the first secretary of the Party Central Committee. Members Politburo: Hồ Chí Minh (Chairman Central Committee, died 1969), Lê Duẩn, Trường Chinh, Phạm Văn Đồng, Phạm Hùng, Lê Đức Thọ, General Võ Nguyên Giáp, Nguyễn Chí Thanh (died 1967), Nguyễn Duy Trinh, Lê Thanh Nghị, Hoàng Văn Hoan. 2 alternative members: Trần Quốc Hoàn (full member June 1972), Văn Tiến Dũng (full member March 1972.)

Members Secretariat: Lê Duẩn, Phạm Hùng, Lê Đức Thọ, Nguyễn Chí Thanh, Hoàng Anh, Tố Hữu, Lê Văn Lương, Nguyễn Văn Trân (from 1961), Xuân Thủy (from 1968).

Other Members of Central Committee: Nguyễn Lương Bằng, Võ Chí Công, Phan Văn Đáng, General Song Hào, Nguyễn Văn Linh, General Trần Lương (Trần Nam Trung), General Chu Huy Mân, Đỗ Mười, General Chu Văn Tấn, General Hoàng Văn Thái, Tôn Đức Thắng (Vice State President, since 1969 is State President), Hoàng Quốc Việt,...Alternative members: Lê Quang Đạo, General Trần Độ (full member since 1972), Võ Văn Kiệt (full member since 1972), Đinh Đức Thiện, General Trần Văn Trà,...

4th (1976–1982)[edit]

The fourth National Party Congress (fourth Congress) was held in Hanoi from December 14–20, 1976. The Congress renamed the Party as "the Communist Party of Vietnam" and the Party's leader as General Secretary instead of First Secretary. The Congress elected a Party Central Committee comprising 101 members and 32 alternative members. Lê Duẩn was elected Party General Secretary. Members Politburo: 1.Lê Duẩn 2.Trường Chinh, 3.Phạm Văn Đồng, 4.Phạm Hùng, 5.Lê Đức Thọ, 6.Võ Nguyên Giáp, 7.Nguyễn Duy Trinh, 8.Lê Thanh Nghị, 9.Trần Quốc Hoàn, 10.Văn Tiến Dũng, 11.Lê Văn Lương, 12.Nguyễn Văn Linh, 13.Võ Chí Công, 14.Chu Huy Mân. Alternative members of Politburo: 1.Tố Hữu (full member 1980), 2.Võ Văn Kiệt, 3.Đỗ Mười.

Members Secretariat: Lê Duẩn, Lê Đức Thọ, Nguyễn Duy Trinh, Nguyễn Văn Linh, Tố Hữu, Xuân Thủy, Nguyễn Lam, Song Hào, Lê Quang Đạo, Trần Quốc Hoàn (since 1980), Lê Thanh Nghị (since 1980), Hoàng Tùng (since 1980).

Other members of central Committee: General Lê Đức Anh, Nguyễn Lương Bằng (vice State President, died 1979), General Hoàng Cầm, Phan Văn Đáng (vice president National Assembly), Nguyễn Thị Định, General Trần Độ, General Đoàn Khuê, General Đồng Sỹ Nguyên, General Lê Trọng Tấn (vice minister of defense), General Hoàng Văn Thái (vice minister of defense), Nguyễn Cơ Thạch, Tôn Đức Thắng (State President, died 1980), General Đinh Đức Thiện, Mai Chí Thọ, General Trần Văn Trà, Hoàng Quốc Việt (Chairman of the Vietnamese Fatherland Front since 1977)...

5th (1982–1986)[edit]

The fifth National Party Congress (fifth Party Congress) took place in Hanoi on March 27–31, 1982 elected a new Party Central Committee comprising 116 members and 36 alternative members [5]. Comrade Le Duan was re-elected General Secretary (he held this position till his decease on July 10, 1986).

Members Politburo: Lê Duẩn (died 1986), Trường Chinh, Phạm Văn Đồng, Phạm Hùng, Lê Đức Thọ, Văn Tiến Dũng, Võ Chí Công, Chu Huy Mân, Tố Hữu, Võ Văn Kiệt, Đỗ Mười, Lê Đức Anh, Nguyễn Đức Tâm, Nguyễn Văn Linh (supplement 1985). Alternative member: Nguyễn Cơ Thạch, Đồng Sĩ Nguyên.

Members Secretariat: Lê Duẩn, Lê Đức Thọ, Võ Chí Công, Nguyễn Đức Tâm, Nguyễn Lam, Lê Quang Đạo, Hoàng Tùng, Nguyễn Thanh Bình, Trần Kiên, Trần Xuân Bách, Nguyễn Văn Linh (from June 1986).

Other members of Central Committee: Võ Nguyên Giáp (deputy prime minister), Nguyễn Văn Linh (member Politburo 1985), Nguyễn Thị Định, Trần Độ, General Hoàng Cầm, General Đặng Vũ Hiệp, Song Hào, Đồng Sĩ Nguyên, Đào Duy Tùng, Nguyễn Đức Bình, Trần Quốc Hương, Nguyễn Thị Bình, Mai Chí Thọ, General Đoàn Khuê, General Nguyễn Quyết, General Lê Trọng Tấn, General Hoàng Văn Thái, General Đàm Quang Trung, General Nguyễn Minh Châu, General Nguyễn Nam Khánh,...Alternative members: Trần Đức Lương, Nguyễn Văn An, Phan Văn Khải (full member from 1984),...

Party General Secretary Lê Duẩn died in July 1986 and was replaced by Trường Chinh after a vote was taken by the Party Central Committee.

6th (1986–1991)[edit]

The sixth Party Congress was held in Hanoi from December 15–18, 1986 and elected a new Party Central Committee comprising 124 members and 49 alternative members.

Nguyễn Văn Linh was elected Party General Secretary while Trường Chinh, Phạm Văn Đồng and Lê Đức Thọ were elected Advisors to the Party Central Committee [6]. Members Politburo: Nguyễn Văn Linh, Phạm Hùng (died 1988), Võ Chí Công, Đỗ Mười, Võ Văn Kiệt, Lê Đức Anh, Nguyễn Đức Tâm, Nguyễn Cơ Thạch, Đồng Sĩ Nguyên, Trần Xuân Bách (to March 1990), Nguyễn Thanh Bình, Mai Chí Thọ. 1 Alternative member: Đào Duy Tùng (full member May 1988).

Members Secretariat: Nguyễn Văn Linh, Đỗ Mười, Nguyễn Đức Tâm, Trần Xuân Bách, Đào Duy Tùng, Trần Kiên, Lê Phước Thọ, Nguyễn Quyết, Đàm Quang Trung, Vũ Oanh, Nguyễn Khánh, Trần Quyết, Trần Quốc Hương, Phạm Thế Duyệt, Nguyễn Thanh Bình (since 1988).

Other members of Central Committee: Nguyễn Văn An, General Hoàng Cầm, Phan Văn Khải, General Đào Đình Luyện, Trần Đức Lương, Nguyễn Mạnh Cầm, Lê Quang Đạo (President of the National Assembly since 1987), Võ Nguyên Giáp (Deputy Prime minister), Nguyễn Thị Định, Trần Độ... Alternative members: Nguyễn Tấn Dũng, Nông Đức Mạnh, Trương Mỹ Hoa (full member 1989),...

7th (1991–1996)[edit]

The Party held the seventh Congress in Hanoi on June 24–27, 1991. The Congress elected a new Party Central Committee comprising 146 members.[7]

Đỗ Mười was elected Party General Secretary. Nguyễn Văn Linh, Phạm Văn Đồng and Võ Chí Công were elected Advisors to the Party Central Committee.

13 full members of Politburo: Đỗ Mười, Lê Đức Anh, Võ Văn Kiệt, Đào Duy Tùng, Đoàn Khuê, Vũ Oanh, Lê Phước Thọ, Phan Văn Khải, Bùi Thiện Ngộ, Nông Đức Mạnh, Phạm Thế Duyệt, Nguyễn Đức Bình, Võ Trần Chí. Since 1993 supplement: Lê Khả Phiêu, Nguyễn Mạnh Cầm, Nguyễn Hà Phan (to 1996), Đỗ Quang Thắng.

Members Secretariat: Đỗ Mười, Lê Đức Anh, Đào Duy Tùng, Lê Phước Thọ, Nguyễn Hà Phan, Hồng Hà, Nguyễn Đình Tứ, Trương Mỹ Hoa, Đỗ Quang Thắng, Lê Khả Phiêu (since 1993).

Other members of Central Committee: Nguyễn Văn An, Vũ Khoan, Nguyễn Dy Niên, Phạm Văn Trà, Đào Đình Luyện, Nguyễn Minh Triết, Nguyễn Phú Trọng (since 1994),...

8th (1996–2001)[edit]

The eighth National Party Congress met in Hanoi from June 28-July 1, 1996. The congress elected a Party Central Committee with 170 members [8]. Đỗ Mười was re-elected as General Secretary of the Party, and Nguyễn Văn Linh, Phạm Văn Đồng and Võ Chí Công were elected Advisors to the Party Central Committee. Members Politburo: Đỗ Mười (General Secretary to December 1997), Lê Đức Anh, Võ Văn Kiệt, Nông Đức Mạnh, Lê Khả Phiêu (General Secretary since December 1997), Đoàn Khuê (died 1998), Phan Văn Khải, Nguyễn Mạnh Cầm, Nguyễn Đức Bình, Nguyễn Văn An, Phạm Văn Trà, Trần Đức Lương, Nguyễn Thị Xuân Mỹ (Mrs), Trương Tấn Sang, Lê Xuân Tùng, Lê Minh Hương, Nguyễn Đình Tứ (died 1996), Phạm Thế Duyệt, Nguyễn Tấn Dũng.

Members of Politburo Standing Committee (to December 1997): Đỗ Mười (General Secretary to December 1997), Lê Đức Anh, Võ Văn Kiệt, Lê Khả Phiêu (Standing Member of Politburo), Nguyễn Tấn Dũng.

Other Members of Central Committee: Nguyễn Văn Chi, Lê Văn Dũng, Nguyễn Khoa Điềm, Nguyễn Sinh Hùng, Phạm Gia Khiêm, Hà Thị Khiết, Vũ Khoan, Trương Tấn Sang, Trương Quang Được, Phan Diễn, Trần Đình Hoan, Trương Mỹ Hoa,...

On December 27, 1997, at the fourth plenum of the Central Committee, Lê Khả Phiêu was elected secretary-general of the Party. Đỗ Mười, Lê Đức Anh, Võ Văn Kiệt to stop no on the Central Committee and Politburo of the CPV, elected Advisors to the Party Central Committee (replaced Nguyễn Văn Linh, Phạm Văn Đồng and Võ Chí Công retired), new members of Politburo elected is: Phạm Thanh Ngân, Nguyễn Minh Triết, Phan Diễn, Nguyễn Phú Trọng (supplement is Standing Member of Politburo, since August 1999). Members of Politburo Standing Committee: Lê Khả Phiêu, Trần Đức Lương, Phan Văn Khải, Nông Đức Mạnh, Phạm Thế Duyệt (Standing Member of Politburo).

9th (2001–2006)[edit]

The ninth National Congress of the Party was convened in Hanoi from April 19–22, 2001. The Congress elected the 9th Party Central Committee comprising 150 members. At its first plenary session, the Party Central Committee elected Mr. Nông Đức Mạnh as General Secretary, a 15 Political Bureau members, four secretaries of the CPV Central Committee to form a nine-member CPV Central Committee's Secretariat, which includes five Political Bureau members.

Members Politburo:

Nông Đức Mạnh (General Secretary), Trần Đức Lương, Phan Văn Khải, Nguyễn Minh Triết, Nguyễn Tấn Dũng, Lê Minh Hương (died 2004), Nguyễn Phú Trọng, Phan Diễn, Lê Hồng Anh, Trương Tấn Sang, Phạm Văn Trà, Nguyễn Văn An, Trương Quang Được, Trần Đình Hoan, Nguyễn Khoa Điềm.

Members Secretariat: Nông Đức Mạnh, Phan Diễn (Standing Member of the Central Committee's Secretariat), Nguyễn Văn An (April - June, 2001), Trần Đình Hoan, Lê Hồng Anh (to 2002), Nguyễn Khoa Điềm, Lê Văn Dũng, Tòng Thị Phóng, Trương Vĩnh Trọng, Vũ Khoan, Nguyễn Văn Chi (since January 2003).

Members other of Central Committee: Lê Hồng Anh, Tô Huy Rứa, Phùng Quang Thanh, Hồ Đức Việt, Trương Mỹ Hoa (vice state President from 2002), Uông Chu Lưu, Nguyễn Đức Kiên, Phan Trung Kiên, Nguyễn Khánh Toàn, Trương Đình Tuyển, Nguyễn Sinh Hùng, Nguyễn Văn Yểu, Nguyễn Phúc Thanh, Phạm Gia Khiêm, Nguyễn Dy Niên,...

10th (2006–2011)[edit]

The Tenth National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam April 18 and April 25, 2006, in Ba Đình Hall, Hanoi. The 160-member official and 21 alternate delegates Central Committee [9], which is elected by the Party Congress. The incumbent General Secretary Nông Đức Mạnh was elected to a second term.

Members Politburo: Nông Đức Mạnh (General Secretary of the Central Committee), Lê Hồng Anh (Minister of Public Security), Nguyễn Tấn Dũng (Prime Minister), Nguyễn Minh Triết (President), Trương Tấn Sang (Standing Member of the Secretariat of the Party), Nguyễn Phú Trọng (Chairman of the National Assembly), Phạm Gia Khiêm (Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs), Phùng Quang Thanh (Minister of Defense), Trương Vĩnh Trọng (Deputy Prime Minister), Lê Thanh Hải (Secretary of Ho Chi Minh City Municipal Party Committee), Nguyễn Sinh Hùng (Standing Deputy Prime Minister), Nguyễn Văn Chi (Head of the Party's Central Committee's Commission of Inspection), Hồ Đức Việt (Head of the Party's Central Committee's Commission of Organisational Affairs), Phạm Quang Nghị (Secretary of Ha Noi Municipal Party Committee ), Tô Huy Rứa (Chief of the Central Committee for Propaganda and Education, supplemented at the ninth conference of the Party Central Committee 2009)[10].

Members Secretariat:

Nông Đức Mạnh, Trương Tấn Sang (Standing Member), Trương Vĩnh Trọng, Nguyễn Văn Chi, Hồ Đức Việt (since August 2006 replaced Phạm Quang Nghị), Lê Văn Dũng (Chairman of the Political General Department of the Vietnam People's Army), Tòng Thị Phóng (Deputy Chairwoman of the National Assembly), Tô Huy Rứa, Ngô Văn Dụ (Chief of the Central Communist Party Committee Office, supplemented 2009), Hà Thị Khiết (Chief of the Central Committee for People Campaigning, supplemented 2009)[11].

Other members: General Trương Hoà Bình (Chief Justice the Supreme Peoples Court), Hà Hùng Cường (Minister of Justice), Nguyễn Thị Doan (Vice State President), Huỳnh Đảm (Chairman of the Presidium of the Vietnamese Fatherland Front), Hoàng Trung Hải (Deputy Prime Minister), Hoàng Bình Quân (Head of Party’s National External Relations Committee, replaced Trần Văn Hằng), General Nguyễn Huy Hiệu (Deputy Minister of National Defence), Vũ Huy Hoàng (Minister of Industry and Trade), Lê Doãn Hợp (Minister of Information and Communications), Nguyễn Đức Kiên (vice president of the National Assembly), General Phan Trung Kiên (Deputy Minister of National Defence), Uông Chu Lưu (vice president National Assembly), General Nguyễn Khắc Nghiên (Chief of the General Staff of the Army and Deputy Minister of National Defence), Vũ Văn Ninh (Minister of Finance), Nguyễn Thiện Nhân (Deputy Prime Minister), Cao Đức Phát (Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development), Võ Hồng Phúc (Minister of Planning and Investment), Lê Hoàng Quân (Chairman of the People’s Committee of Ho Chi Minh City), General Huỳnh Ngọc Sơn (vice president of the National Assembly), Nguyễn Thế Thảo (Chairman of the People’s Committee of Hanoi), Trần Văn Tuấn (Minister of Home Affairs), Trần Quốc Vượng (Head of the Supreme People’s Procuracy of Vietnam), etc.[12]

11th (2011–2015)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Attending the meeting were two representatives Indochinese Communist Party (Trinh Dinh Cuu and Nguyen Duc Canh), 2 representatives Annam Communist Party (Nguyen Thieu and Chau Van Liem) and three representatives abroad (Nguyen Ai Quoc, Ho Tung Mau, Le Hong Son, delegates of the Communist International - Ho Tung Mau, Le Hong Son is assistant of Nguyen Ai Quoc). Indochinese Communist League no time appoint representative to attend Congress joined the Communist Party of Vietnam. In 24 February 1930 (consent of Nguyen Ai Quoc) Chau Van Liem, Nguyen Thieu on behalf of international delegates, Pham Huu Lau, Hoang Quoc Viet on behalf of the Provisional Central Committee together with Ngo Gia Tu, Interim Secretary of Party Committee of the Cochinchina had a meeting and decided to accept the Indochinese Communist League joined the Communist Party of Vietnam.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]

External links[edit]