Central Equatoria

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Central Equatoria
الاستوائية الوسطى
State
Sudan Juba cattle on street.jpg
Flag of Central Equatoria
Flag
Location in South Sudan.
Location in South Sudan.
Coordinates: 4°47′N 31°24′E / 4.783°N 31.400°E / 4.783; 31.400Coordinates: 4°47′N 31°24′E / 4.783°N 31.400°E / 4.783; 31.400
Country  South Sudan
Region Equatoria
No. of counties: 6
Capital Juba
Government
Area
 • Total 43,033.00 km2 (16,615.13 sq mi)
Population (2008 census)
 • Total 1,103,592
 • Density 26/km2 (66/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Central Equatoria is one of the ten states of South Sudan. With an area of 43,033 km², it is the smallest South Sudanese state. It was formerly named Bahr al Jabal after a tributary of the White Nile that flows through the state. It was renamed Central Equatoria in the first Interim Legislative Assembly on 1 April 2005 under the government of Southern Sudan. Central Equatoria seceded from Sudan as part of the Republic of South Sudan on 9 July 2011.

The state capital of Juba is also the national capital of South Sudan.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Central Equatoria, like other states in South Sudan, is sub-divided into counties. These are further divided into Payams, then Bomas. Each county is headed by a County Commissioner, appointed by the State Governor in consultation with the President. They are

  • Juba County - Thomas Peter Gore (formerly Dr. Pius Subek)
  • Lainya County - Suba Samuel Manase (formerly Col. Vincent Kujo Lobang)
  • Morobo County - Moses Simon Soro (formerly Ofeni Ngota and Col. Richard Remo Soro)
  • Terekeka County Ali Malou (formerly Wani Nyambur Boughta)
  • Yei County - Juma David Augustine formally Elia Waiwai and David Lokonga Moses
  • Kajo Keji County - Muki Batali Buli (formerly Col. Oliver Mule Gabriel)

Important cities and towns of Central Equatoria are: Juba, Kajo Keji, Liria, Mangalla, Rokon, Tali, Terekeka, Yei, Gemaiza, Tombek, Tindilo, Muni and Rejong, Bubudo(Nyori). The major border crossing to the Democratic Republic of the Congo is at Dimo.

Demographics[edit]

Major tribes include Bari people, Pojulu, Kakwa, Kaliko, Kuku, Lugbara, Nyangwara, Makaraka and Lulubo. Minor tribes include the Nyepo in Northern Kajo-Keji County and Lokoya along Nimule Road. Erasto Gonda, Senior Folklore Officer for Central Equatoria’s information ministry further details the State's demographics:[1]

In terms of tribes in Central Equatoria we have Mundari, of Terekeka County and Bari are the largest, then we have the Kuku from Kajo Keji County, Nyangware from Rokon area – then we have Pojulu from Lainya county,Yei County and Juba District, and then we have the Kakwa, from Yei County and Morobu, then there is the Kalico from Morobo County, There’s another as well; the Pojulu-Tijor who are near Tali.

So, these tribes are the eight tribes who speak one language, Kutuk, although they all have different traditional dances. Mundari language for example has its own notion tone different from Bari but they also speak Bari at the same time because some of the border the Bari to the north of Juba, although there are differences in some of the words. But they all also have their special languages, called their ‘Kobura’ which the others don’t understand. It is a hidden language, they speak it during danger.

They are all from one family but got separated because of land, the land was not enough. The first were all pastoralists, and then some remained pastoralists and some became agriculturalists.

Then there is also the Direr or Nubi, these people are a collection of tribes and their religion is Islam. They settled together in two main places, in Malakia in Juba and in Bombo which is near Kampala in Uganda. They are united by their religion, which came to them in the 1940s. They now consider themselves to be a new tribe.

The agriculturalists out of these are the Kuku, the Kakwa, Pojulu, Lokoya, Lulubo, Ngangware, Kalico, Nyepo. They grow a variety of crops, including maize, cassava, sweet potatoes, dura or sorghum, groundnuts, beans. These tribes have two harvests every year, the first in June or July and the second in November or December. They also keep cattle, goats and sheep


Music[edit]

Due to the many years of the civil war, the culture is heavily influenced by the countries neighboring South Sudan. Many South Sudanese fled to Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda where they interacted with the nationals and learnt their languages and culture. For most of those who remained in the country, or went North to Sudan and Egypt, they greatly assimilated Arabic culture.

It is also worth noting that most South Sudanese kept the core of their culture even while in exile and diaspora. Traditional culture is highly upheld and a great focus is given to knowing one's origin and dialect. Although the common languages spoken are Arabi Juba and English, Kiswahili is being introduced to the population to improve the country's relations with its East African neighbors. Many music artists from Central Equatoria use English, Kiswahili, Arabi Juba, their dialect or a mix of all.

Popular artists from Central Equatoria are like Reflections BYG, a beautiful fresh voice rocking the Zouk floor with her first single Ng'ume which means Smile received high hits in the first few days of its release. She has an amazing strong voice for the popular Jazz as well as Afrobeat and Hip Hop; De-vine Is a new songstress from the same county of Kajo Keji singing R&B and Zouk. Although the women are underrepresented, these two talents are putting the state back on the charts. Emmanuel Lasu is one of the popular male talent that central Equatoria has produced.

Government[edit]

Map Sudan BaD Juba.png

Executive

  • Governor - Maj. Gen. Clement Wani Konga
  • Deputy Governor and (formally Minister of Education, Science and Technology)- Mr. Manase Lomole Waya (SPLM)
  • Minister of Education (SPLM) - Lokulenge Lole Lokule
  • Minister of Finance & Economic Planning – Angelo Dario Agor (SPLM)
  • Minister of Health (SPLM) - Mrs. Huda Micah Laila (SPLM)
  • Minister of Physical Infrastructure (SPLM) - Professor Paul Lado Bureng
  • Minister of Parliamentary Affairs - (SPLM) (former Leader of Government Business Committee of State Assembly)
  • Minister of Gender and Social Welfare - Mrs. Hellen Marsali Boro (SPLM)
  • Minister of Information & Communication – Joseph Lasu Gale (NCP)
  • Minister of Local Government and Law Enforcement – Charles Manuel Jongo (USAP)
  • Minister of Social Development – George Lugala Benjamin (SANU)
  • Secretary General of State Council of Ministers – Steven Emmanuel Lokuren
  • Security Affairs Advisor - Maj. General (Rtd) Emanuel Waga Elia
  • Political Affairs Advisor - Mr. Jackson Abungo Gama
  • Minister of Agriculture and Forestry - Michael Roberto Kenyi[2]

The President of South Sudan appoints the Governor, State Ministers, Advisors. President Salva Kiir Mayardit reshuffled[3] the State Government in October 2008. Relieved were:

  • Mr. Henry Danga Stefano – Deputy Governor and Minister of Local Government
  • Maj. General (Rtd) Emmanuel Waga Elia, Minister of Physical Infrastructure (formerly Eng. Alkaya Aligo Samson)
  • Dr. Pius Vincent Subek, Minister of Health
  • Mrs. Huda Micah Laila, Minister of Gender and Social Welfare
  • Mr. Charles Jongo, Minister of Agriculture
  • Mr. Lokulange Lole Lokule, Advisor for Political Affairs [formerly Antony Ariki (SPLM)]
  • Ronald Abraham Simiona, Advisor for Security [formerly Rt. Maj. Gen (Police) Jameson Lesuk (SPLM)]
  • Dr. Manase Lomole Waya, Advisor for Literacy and Capacity Building
  • Margaret Kani Samuel, Advisor on Gender and Child Welfare

Legislature

  • Speaker of the Legislative Assembly - Brigadier General Zamba Duku Michael (SPLM)
  • Deputy Speaker – John Lado Tombe (SPLM)

Present First Elected Members Of Parliament In the State Legislative assembly for Central Equatoria are:

  1. Hon Naptali Hassen Gale From Morobo County, speaker.(SPLM)
  2. Hon Haustin yokwe Juba County,Deputy speaker,.(SPLM)
  3. Hon. Robert Lomude Lainya County,Controller of the House..(SPLM)
  4. Hon. Modi Lomindi Ajuangich Chimbo Terekeka County. chairperson committee for security&Public order..(SPLM)
  5. Hon. Silvanous Bata batali Kajokeji County. Chairperson for committee for Services etc..(SPLM)
  6. Hon. James Juma Peter Morobo County Chairperson Committee for Public Account.(SPLM)
  7. Hon.Joy Keji Rafael Lainya County Chairperson Committee for Gender.(SPLM)
  8. Hon. Emanuel Adil Wani Yei River County Chairperson Committee for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.(SPLM)
  9. Hon. Jenifer Yobu Yei River County, Chairperson committee for Local Government and Legal Affairs..(SPLM)
  10. Hon. Fr. Prudensio Loku Vitale, Juba County, Chairperson Committee for Land and Natural Resources..(SPLM)
  11. Hon. Joyce Kiedn Kajokeji County Chairperson for Peace Human Rights, and Humanitarian Affairs..(SPLM)
  12. Hon Nadia James Terekeka County, Chairperson committee for Members Affairs..(SPLM)
  13. Hon Mary Elias Ladu, Juba County, Chairperson committee for Information, Youth and Sport..(SPLM)

Judiciary

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • South Sudan Internet radio
  • Interview with Erasto Gonda 'Tribes Of Central Equatoria' [1]
  • 'GLOBAL: Protect rights of minorities to avoid conflict, NGO urges.' [2]
  • 'Violence, Sacrifice, and Chiefship in Central Equatoria Southern Sudan.' [3]

External links[edit]