Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union

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Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union
Центральный исполнительный комитет СССР
 Soviet Union
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Established 1922
Disbanded 1938
Preceded by Various
Succeeded by Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union
Coat of arms of the Soviet Union.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Soviet Union
 

The Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union (Russian: Центральный исполнительный комитет, СССР) was the highest governing body in the Soviet Union in the interim of the sessions of the Congress of Soviets of the Soviet Union, existed from 1922 until 1938, when it was replaced by the Supreme Soviet of first convocation.

Structure[edit]

Under the 1924 Soviet Constitution, the Central Executive Committee was made up of two chambers: the Soviet of the Union and the Soviet of Nationalities. Beside it there were Central Executive Committees in federal republics, such as the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (in Russia), Belorussian Central Executive Committee (in Belorussia) and the All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee (in Ukraine).

Presidium[edit]

The Presidium of the Central Executive Committee consisted of 21 members and included the Presium of the Soviet of the Union and the Soviet of Nationalities. A representative of each constituent republic (initially four) was elected one of the chairmen of the presidium.

As more entities (usually previously Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics) were elevated to the status of constituent republics of the Soviet Union, they received representation among the chairmen of the Presidium:

Powers[edit]

The 1924 Soviet Constitution defined the powers of the CEC as: