Central Line (Mumbai Suburban Railway)

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Central Line
Overview
System Mumbai Suburban Railway
Locale Mumbai Metropolitan Region, Maharashtra, India
Termini Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (south)
Kalyan, Kasara, Khopoli
Stations 62
Daily ridership 2.9 million[1]
Operation
Opening 16 April 1853
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Central Railway (CR)
Character At Grade
Depot(s) Kurla, Kalwa, Matunga, Sanpada[2]
Technical
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge
Electrification 1500 V DC
25,000 V AC (December 2012)

The Central Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway is a public transit system serving Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It consists of 24 stations from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) to Kalyan. The entire line is at grade.

The Central Line in Mumbai consists of three major corridors, which bifurcate as they run into suburban satellite towns. Two corridors (one local and other through) on Central Railway run from CST to Kalyan (55 km),[3] from where it bifurcates into two lines — one running up to Kasara (67 km) in the north-east and the other running up to Khopoli (61 km) in the south-east. These two corridors constitute the 'Main' Line. The Central main line shares one station with the Western line at Dadar. They consist of a fleet of DC as well as dual-powered EMUs. The major car sheds on this line are at Kurla and Kalwa. There are fast and slow locals here for suburban service. Slow locals halt at every station, while fast locals halts vary between Byculla, Dadar, Kurla, Ghatkopar, Vikhroli, Bhandup, Mulund, Thane, Dombivali and Kalyan. All services plying beyond Kalyan run slow. Trains usually start from and terminate at important stations.

Routes[edit]

The Central Line consists of the following routes:

Stations[edit]

(Names in bold indicate that the station is a fast train stop.)

Main Line[edit]

Inside Mumbai CST station
Central Line (Main)
# Distance from CST (km) Station Name Station Code Connections
English Marathi Hindi
1 0 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus छत्रपती शिवाजी टर्मिनस छत्रपती शिवाजी टर्मिनस ST Harbour Line
2 1 Masjid मशिद मस्जिद Harbour Line
3 2 Sandhurst Road सँडहर्स्ट रोड सँडहर्स्ट रोड Harbour Line
4 4 Byculla भायखळा भायखला None
5 5 Chinchpokli चिंचपोकळी चिंचपोकली None
6 6.5 Currey Road करी रोड करी रोड None
7 8 Parel परळ परेल Elphinstone Road
(Western Line)
8 9 Dadar दादर दादर D Western Line
9 11 Matunga माटुंगा माटुंगा None
10 13 Sion शीव सायन None
11 15 Kurla कुर्ला कुर्ला C Harbour Line
12 18 Vidyavihar विद्याविहार विद्याविहार None
13 21 Ghatkopar घाटकोपर घाटकोपर G Andheri / Versova (Mumbai Metro One)
14 23 Vikhroli विक्रोळी विक्रोली None
15 25 Kanjurmarg कांजुर मार्ग कांजुर मार्ग None
16 26 Bhandup भांडुप भांडुप None
17 28 Nahur नाहुर नाहुर None
18 32 Mulund मुलुंड मुलुंड None
19 34 Thane ठाणे ठाणे T Trans-Harbour Line and
To Panvel (Harbour Line via Trans-Harbour Line)
20 36 Kalwa कळवा कलवा None
21 40 Mumbra मुंब्रा मुंब्रा None
22 43 Diva दिवा दिवा To Vasai Road/Panvel
(Vasai Road – Diva – Panvel – Somatne (सोमटने रेलवे स्टेशन) Route)
23 47 Kopar कोपर कोपर None
24 48 Dombivli डोंबिवली डोंबिवली DI None
25 50 Thakurli ठाकुर्ली ठाकुर्ली None
26 54 Kalyan कल्याण कल्याण K To Kasara/Khopoli
(Central Line)

A footbridge links Parel to Elphinstone Road on the Western Line.

Main Line Branches[edit]

The main line of the Mumbai Suburban Railways runs from CST to Kalyan. It then splits into two corridors one going to Khopoli and the other to Kasara.

South-east Section[edit]
South-east Section
# Station Name Station Code Connections
English Marathi Hindi
1 Kalyan कल्याण कल्याण K Central Line (Main)
2 Vithalwadi विठ्ठलवाडी विठ्ठलवाडी None
3 Ulhasnagar उल्हासनगर उल्हासनगर None
4 Ambarnath अंबरनाथ अंबरनाथ A None
5 Badlapur बदलापूर बदलापूर BL None
6 Vangani वांगणी वांगणी None
7 Shelu शेलू शेलू None
8 Neral नेरळ नेरल None
9 Bhivpuri Road भिवपुरी रोड भिवपुरी रोड None
10 Karjat कर्जत कर्जत S None
11 Palasdari पळसदरी पलसदरी None
12 Kelavli केळवली केलवली None
13 Dolavli डोलवली डोलवली None
14 Lowjee लवजी लवजी None
15 Khopoli खोपोली खोपोली KP None
† – Branch Line starts at Kalyan
North-east Section[edit]
North-east Section
# Station Name Station Code Connections
English Marathi Hindi
1 Kalyan कल्याण कल्याण K Central Line (Main)
2 Shahad शहाड शहाड None
3 Ambivli आंबिवली आंबिवली None
4 Titwala टिटवाळा टिटवाला TL None
5 Khadavli खडवली खडवली None
6 Vasind वासिंद वासिंद None
7 Asangaon आसनगाव आसनगाँव AN None
8 Atgaon आटगाव आटगाँव None
9 Khardi खर्डी खर्डी None
10 Kasara कसारा कसारा N None
† – Branch Line starts at Kalyan

Vasai Road-Diva-Panvel Line[edit]

The Vasai Road-Diva-Panvel Line connects the Western Line station of Vasai Road with the Harbour Line station of Panvel. It intersects the main line of the Central Line at Diva. MEMUs operate between Dahanu Road and Panvel via a branch line from Vasai Road.

Vasai Road-Diva-Panvel Line
# Station Name Station Code Connections
English Marathi Hindi
1 Vasai Road वसई रोड वसई रोड BS Western Line
2 Juchandra जुचंद्र जुचंद्र None
3 Kaman Road कामण रोड कामन रोड None
4 Kharbao खारबाव खारबाव None
5 Bhiwandi भिवंडी भिवंडी None
6 Kopar कोपर कोपर Central Line (Main)
7 Diva दिवा दिवा Central Line (Main)
8 Dativali दातिवली दातिवली None
9 Nilaje निळजे निलजे None
10 Taloja तळोजा तलोजा None
11 Navade Road नावडे रोड नावडे रोड None
12 Kalamboli कळंबोली कलंबोली None
13 Panvel पनवेल पनवेल PL Harbour Line

Nerul/CBD Belapur – Uran Line[edit]

The Nerul/CBD Belapur – Uran Rail track of 27 km is currently under construction.[4] The line is being constructed by CIDCO at a cost of INR14.12 billion.[5] It is expected to be operational by 2015.[6]

The proposed railway stations are as follows:[7]

Central Line (Nerul/CBD Belapur – Uran)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
English Marathi Hindi
1 Nerul/CBD Belapur नेरूळ/सी.बी.डी. बेलापूर नेरूल/सी.बी.डी. बेलापूर NU/BR To Thane (Central Line)
Harbour Line
2 Seawoods-Darave सीवूड्स-दारावे सीवूड्स-दारावे Harbour Line
3 Sagar Sangam सागर संगम सागर संगम None
4 Targhar तारघर तारघर None
5 Bamandongri बामणडोंगरी बामनडोंगरी None
6 Kharkopar खारकोपर खारकोपर None
7 Gavhan गव्हाण गव्हान None
8 Ranjanpada रांजणपाडा रांजनपाडा None
9 Nhava-Sheva न्हावा-शेवा न्हावा-शेवा None
10 Dronagiri द्रोणागिरी द्रोनागिरी None
11 Uran उरण उरन None
†- when travelling from/to Nerul

Electrification[edit]

CR converted the Central Line from the previously used 1500V DC electrification to 25,000V AC on 5 May 2013 from Kalyan to Khopoli and Kalyan to Kasara.[8] Electrification on the Lokmanya Tilak Terminus-Thane-Kalyan section was completed on 12 January 2014.[9] CR plans to switch from 1,500 V DC to 25 KV AC on the entire suburban railway stretch between Thane and CST by May 2014.[10]

The conversion will reduce maintenance-related failures as 75 sub-stations are needed to supply power to suburban trains under the DC system, while only 11 sub-stations are required for the AC system. The AC system needs lighter overhead wires than that of DC, which has thicker and heavier contact wires and pantographs that are prone to fast wear and tear. The railway is estimated to save around INR120 crore annually from reduced transmission loss and regenerative braking, and conserve 33% energy as a result of the conversion.[10]

Services[edit]

Since November 2011, all services on the Central Line have been running on 12 cars. In preparation for introducing 15 car services, CR extended platforms at Byculla, Kurla, Ghatkopar, Bhandup, Mulund and Dombivli stations, from the current 270 metres to 330 metres,[11] in order to accommodate 15 coach trains. The total cost of the work was estimated at INR37.5 million (US$610,000).[12] The first 15-car service, on the Central Line, departed from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to Kalyan at 7:33 pm on 16 October 2012.[13]

As of March 2014, 75 rakes operate 825 services on the Central Line daily, of which 809 are 12-car and 16 are 15-car services.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minor drop in deaths on tracks of Western Railways". The Times of India. 2 April 2012. 
  2. ^ TNN Aug 2, 2012, 03.34AM IST (2012-08-02). "Sanpada, Kurla sheds to clear rake service backlog". The Times of India. Retrieved 2013-03-12. 
  3. ^ "Bonanza for Mumbai rail commuters". Business Standard. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2013-03-12. 
  4. ^ "Nerul-Belapur-Uran rail line on track, likely to be completed in 4 years". Indian Express. 30 October 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-10. 
  5. ^ "Cidco begins work on Nerul-Uran rail link". Hindustan Times. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-10. 
  6. ^ PTI. "Business Line : Industry & Economy / Logistics : Nerul-Uran railway link to be ready by 2015: Cidco". The Hindu. Retrieved 2012-01-10. 
  7. ^ "Cidco". Cidcoindia.com. Retrieved 2012-01-10. 
  8. ^ From May 5, faster Central Railway with AC power - Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2013-04-30). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  9. ^ Soon, faster trains on Kalyan-LTT route - The Times of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2014-01-13). Retrieved on 2014-06-11.
  10. ^ a b c Central Railway plans DC/AC switch in May - The Times of India. Timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2014-03-25). Retrieved on 2014-06-11.
  11. ^ "CR still in two minds over 15car trains". Mumbai Mirror. 2012-01-23. Retrieved 2013-03-12. 
  12. ^ "15-car rakes: Central Railway invites bids for platform extension". The Times of India. 15 April 2012. 
  13. ^ TNN Oct 16, 2012, 01.16AM IST (2012-10-16). "15-car Central Railway trains from today". The Times of India. Retrieved 2013-03-12.