Central Municipal Council
The first municipal council in Qatar was formed in the early 1950s and it was reorganized in 1956. Doha municipality came into being in May 1963. The Ministry of Municipal Affairs was established in 1972 as a government body responsible for supervising the functions of municipalities.
Decree No 4 for 1963 organized, for the first time, the election and appointment of the members of the municipal council. Law No 11for 1963 followed. It stipulated that the municipal council is formed by a decree and that the appointment of the members is based on the nomination of the Minister of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture. The first joint meeting of municipal councils in the country was held in 1983. Most of the credit goes to this meeting in deciding to form a central municipal council to replace the numerous municipal councils.
The council consists of 29-member civic body which has a four-year term and has representatives from all the 29 civic constituencies in the country.
The idea to form the municipal council by direct elections was revived when H.H. the Emir of Qatar Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani issued the Law No 12 for 1998 organizing the election law of the Central Municipal Council. H.H. also issued the Emiri Decree No 17 for 1998 on the election of the members of the Central Municipal Council. Several committees were subsequently formed. They included the legal, security, and information, technical, supply, and follow up committees. A preparatory committee was also formed under the patronage of Her Highness the wife of H.H. the Emir to carry out an awareness program for women, emphasizing the importance of their participation in the elections both as candidates and voters.
The election experience was very well received publicly and officially and the response was overwhelming by all sectors of the Qatari society, males and females alike. The participation of women as voters and candidates invited a wide-range and favorable echo, locally and internationally. 35 Arab and foreign parliamentarians were hosted to oversee the conduct of the first elections in the country.
The Qatari democratic practice exceeded the surrounding experiences in four aspects: voting age was brought down to 18, which expands the scope of participation in the democratic process, the Qatari media was utilized in an unprecedented manner in the Gulf region by giving live coverage of the debates and discussions between candidates and voters, women were allowed to participate as voters and candidates for the first time and a headquarters was provided in each constituency, where the 29 members of the Council can hold discussions and meetings with their electorates.
Voting Regulations 
The Emiri Decree No 17 for 1998 specified the regulations governing the elections of the members of the Central Municipal Council. All Qatari males and females that fulfil the following conditions have the right to cast their votes:
- They must be of Qatari origin, or have been naturalized citizens for a period of at least 15 years.
- They must be 18 years of age.
- They must not be indicted on a criminal charge of breach of trust or honesty. Otherwise they must have been rehabilitated.
- The constituency must be the real place of residence for respective voters.
- They must not be members of the armed forces or security forces.
The Council is formed of 29 members representing constituencies spreading over 230 regions in the State of Qatar. The membership term in the Council is 4 years.
The Council Sessions 
On the 4th of May 1999 H.H. Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani, the Emir of the State of Qatar issued a decree inviting the Central Municipal Council to hold its first meeting in full attendance to elect the Council's Chairman and Deputy Chairman from among its members by secret ballot. The Council holds its ordinary meetings in Doha and in public once every two weeks. Extraordinary meetings must be requested by one third of the members. The meetings are considered regular only where the quorum of two thirds of the members is available. The maximum period for which a meeting can be put off for lack of quorum is three days, after which the meeting can be held with the attendance of one third of the members. The Council issues its resolutions by plurality of votes. Under the supervision of the Chairman, the Council forms a Secretariat General and appoint a Secretary General. The job of the Secretary General is to prepare the meetings' agenda and submit thereof to the Chairman, record the minutes of the meetings and the Council's recommendations and submit, to the Minister of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture, those parts of the recommendations that call for his or any higher authority's action.
The Council's Authorities 
The Central Municipal Council is an independent entity. The Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture has no authority over its functions. It is totally free to practice its responsibilities without any interference from the Ministry. The roles of the Ministry and the Council complement each other. The role of the Council is still one of advisory and monitoring. The Council has the right to discuss all matters and problems, and its agenda is not confined to what is raised by the Ministry. The Ministry approves the recommendations of the Council, whose members decide their own work program and budget without external interference.
Both the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture and the Central Municipal Council coordinate their efforts to reach the common goal of serving the country and the citizens. The Minister of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture explains the different points of view to the Council through a specialized committee. In case the difference in opinion persists, subjects of discord, accompanied by the two different viewpoints, are raised to the Council of Ministers for consideration.
The 29 members of the Council focus their attention on providing the compelling needs of the society and securing the basic services with a view to rationalize spending. They do that through a well-defined plan and good coordination of time, effort and resources, and through giving priority to projects like road building, sanitary drainage, parks and recreation sites.
Central Municipal Council Secretary General 
The secretary-general of the Central Municipal Council is to be appointed by the State Cabinet and his powers are to be specified by it. This authority was earlier held by Minister of Municipality and Urban Planning. The Advisory Council earlier made extensive recommendations to amend Law No. 12 and incorporate the above changes. The job of the Secretary General is to prepare the meetings' agenda and submit thereof to the Chairman, record the minutes of the meetings and the Council's recommendations and submit, to the Minister of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture, those parts of the recommendations that call for his or any higher authority's action.
Centrat Municipal Council contest requirments 
The law (No. 1 of 2011) was issued by the Deputy Emir and Heir Apparent, H H Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, on Thursday 20th Jan 2011. The legislation amends Law No. 12 of 1998 regulating the Central Municipal Counciland the amendments were made on the recommendations of the Advisory Council. It is, however, not known if all the recommendations of the Advisory Council have been incorporated in the new legislation.
Age Limit 
Qatar has upped the minimum age limit to 30 years from 25 for its citizens to contest Central Municipal Council elections. It was argued by the Advisory Council that since a man or woman is generally in a position to hold social responsibility only when he or she is 30, the minimum age to contest the CMC be upped.
Place of residence 
The Advisory Council’s recommendation that a Central Municipal Council member must live in the constituency he represents is because he should be aware of local issues and knows local people. The new law also makes it mandatory for a candidate to contest from the constituency he is a permanent resident of and his name appears on the local voters’ list. And even after a contestant wins the election he needs to reside in the constituency he won from.
Members of the Advisory Council also suggested in their recommendations that no citizen who is employed with the police, paramilitary or defence forces or even with government departments be allowed to contest the Central Municipal Council poll.
Election Results 
1st Municipal Council Elections in 1999 
248 candidates including 6 women contested the 4-year term of 29 seats. Polling date was set for Monday the 8th of March 1999, and 21,995 eligible males and females registered to cast their votes in their respective constituencies.
2nd Municipal Council Elections in 2003 
The Ministry of Interior announced in the 7th of April 2003, the final results of the elections of the second Central Municipal Council in which 25 members out of 88 candidates won and 4 members including a woman were elected unopposed. Nearly 40% of the total voters of 21024 exercised their franchise. Sheikha Yousuf Hasan Al Jufairi was the first lady to won the elections.
3rd Municipal Council Elections in 2007 
The third session of the central municipal council elections were held on April 1, 2007 with the participation of 51.1%, of the electorate. 13,656 out of 28,153 eligible voters cast their ballots in 27 constituencies to choose 27 members from 116 candidates.
One lady was elected in her Old Airport constituency with the highest amount of votes of all candidates; and two won unchallenged.
- Chairman: Nassir bin Abdullah Saeed Al- Amer Al-Kaabi.
- Vice-Chairman: Jassem Abdullah Jassem Al-Malki.
- Al Jasrah: Tariq Saif Ali Saad Al-Kaabi,
- Al-Doha Al-Jadeeda : Jassem Abdullah Jassem al-Malki,
- Al Markhiya: Ibrahim Abdullah Hassan al-Ibrahim,
- Madinat Khalifa North: Abdullah Naser Al-Kahtani,
- Madinat Khalifa South: Mohammed Shaheen Rashid Al-Ateeq Al-Doseri,
- Bin Omran: Ali Ahmed Ali Al-Kuwari,
- Al-Salatha Al-Jadeeda: Abdullah Saeed Abdullah Khamees Al-Sulaiti,
- Al Hilal: Mohammed Abdulhammed Saeed Naser Allah,
- Airport - Old Airport: Sheikha Yousuf Hasan Al Jufairi
- Al Wakrah:Hassan Abbas Hassan Abdurahim,
- Mesaieed: Saeed Ali Hamed Al-Meri,
- Abu Hamour: Hamed Rashid Mohammed Al-Nabet,
- New Ghanem: Hamed Khalid Ahmed Mohamad Al-Ghanem,
- Al Murra: Saeed Naser Hamed Al-Awamy Al-Marri,
- Meizer: Mohammed Ali Mohammed Al-Athba,
- Merrikh: Hamed Salem Mohammed Al-Meri,
- North Maizer: Saud Abdullah Hamad Abdullah al-Henzab,
- New Ar Rayyan: Mohamed Humoud Shafi al-Shafi,
- Old Ar Rayyan: Hamed Saleh Hamed Al-Hawal,
- Nassariya: Mohamed Saleh Rashed al-Khiyareen al-Hajari,
- Gharafa: Mubarak Fresh Mubarak Saleh Salem,
- Umm Salal Ali: Mohammed Khamis Jamaan Al-Ali,
- Kheraitiyat: Ali Naser Issa Al-Kaabi,
- Shahaniya: Shahir Saud Shahir al- Namasi Al-Shammari,
- Dukhan: Rashid Abdulhadi Talib Al-Shahwani Al-Hajri,
- Al Khor: Saqer Saeed Al-Muhanadi,
- Dhakhira: Ali Hassan Juma al-Hassan al-Mohannadi,
- Shamal Town: Saad Ali Hassan al-Naoimy
- Al Ghuwariyah: Nassir Abdullah Saeed Al- Amer Al-Kaabi.
4th Municipal Council Elections in 2011 
The number of registered voters reached 32662 while the numbers of the total contestants were 101 including 4 women. From the total 29 constituencies, the voting was conducted in 27 while the candidates of other two constituencies such as Msaeid and Shahhaniyya were elected unopposed. In total, 13606 voters cast their votes in the 4th edition of the Central Municipal Council with a percentage of 43.3% from total number of voters.
- Al Jasra: Mr. Tariq Saif Ali Al Malky
- New Doha: Mr. Jassim Abdullah Jassim Al Malky
- Al Markhiya: Mr. Mohammed Jassim Nasser Al Musalmani
- Madinat Khalifa North: Mr. Hamad Khalid Khaleefa Al Kubaisi
- Madinat Khalifa South: Mr. Muhammed Shaheen Rashid Al Dosari
- Bin Umran: Mr. Ali Shaheen Matar Al Kuwari
- New Al Salatha: Mr. Abdullah Saeed Abdullah Al Sulaiti
- Al Hilal: Mr. Mishal Hasan Muhammed Al Dahneim
- Airport: Sheikha Yousuf Hasan Al Jufairi
- Al Wakrah: Mr. Hassan Abbas Hassan Abul Raheem
- Mesaieed: Mr. Saeed Ali Hamad Al Murri
- Abu Hammour: Mr. Salih Jabir Salih Al Murri
- Ganim Al Jadeed: Mr. Hamad Khalid Ahmed Al Ghanim
- Al Murrah: Mr. Salih Rashid Hamad Jarallah
- Muaither: Mr. Muhammed Ali Muhammed Al Azba
- Mureikh: Mr. Muhammed Salim Muhammed Al Murri
- Muaither North: Mr. Saoud Abdullah Hamad Al Hanzab
- New Ar Rayyan: Mr. Muhammed Hamoud Shafi Al Shafi
- Old Ar Rayyan: Mr. Hamad Salih Hamad Al Hawal
- Al Nasiriyya: Mr. Muhammed Salih Rashid Al Hajeri
- Al Gharrafa: Mr. Mubarak Furaish Mubarak Salih
- Umm Salal: Mr. Ahmed Ibrahim Sultan Al Sheib
- Al Khuraithiyath: Mr. Hamad Hadi Hamad Al Murri
- Al Shahhaniyya: Mr. Muhammed Dhafir Muhammed Al Hajeri
- Dukhan: Mr. Muhammed Faisal Mubarak Al Shahwani
- Al Khor: Mr. Saqr Saeed Salim Al Muhannadi
- Zakheera: Mr. Hamad Lahdan Ali Al Muhannadi
- Shamal: Mr. Saad Ali Hassan Al Nuaimi
- Al Ghuwariyah: Mr. Saeed Mubarak Saeed Al Rashidi