Central Park, Buffalo, New York
Central Park is the name of a street, a plaza and a neighborhood in Buffalo. The areas known as Central Park derive from a development conceived by cement magnate Lewis Jackson Bennett (1833 - 1925) on his Buffalo Cement Company property. His Central Park home was designed by Buffalo architect Milton Earl Beebe.
Lewis J. Bennett's early history
Bennett was born in Schenectady County, New York in July, 1833. He began his career as a grocery store clerk in Fultonville, New York and a collector of tolls on the Erie Canal at Fultonville, before moving to Buffalo in 1866 for a canal repair job.
Land acquisitions, cement factory, and Central Park development
Bennett bought land in North Buffalo for a limestone source needed to establish a cement factory. Starting in 1875 he also acquired land on the east and west sides of Main Street where there were cement deposits. In 1877 he established the Buffalo Cement Company, operating a quarry and manufacturing stone and cement. Ten years later he planned a residential subdivision on the company's lands with his son, Leslie Jay Bennett, and William Pierce, a co-owner of Buffalo Cement. They decided to call the area Central Park because of its geographic location near Delaware Park.
Central Park was in close proximity to the Beltline Railroad and a station was built in Central Park (at Starin and Amherst). Known as the Bennett Station, it was owned by Buffalo Cement and leased by New York Central Railroad and Hudson River Railroad.
The Otowega Club's clubhouse was located in the area at the corner of Linden and Starin. It was later used by the Art Institute of Buffalo before being demolished after World War II. Burke’s Green Fountain was also part of the subdivision and Bennett's house at 354 Depew Avenue was constructed in the area. It included 24 rooms and sat on 3 acres of land. It was demolished in 1935 and 12 building lots created.
Bennett donated the land on Main Street to the City for Bennett High School and All-High Stadium. Bennett led a fight that helped bring about a change from the “rate bill system” to a free public school system paid for by taxes, considered to be the first district to adopt that system. He was a life member of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences and Buffalo Historical Society, a member of the National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, and a member of the Buffalo Chamber of Commerce. He named streets after his family and friends including Morris Avenue for the family of Lewis Bennett’s brother in law, John Vedder Morris, and the man's father, Abram Vrooman Morris. John Morris married Mr. Bennett's younger sister Maria Lydia Bennett in 1875. Depew Avenue was named in honor of Chauncey M. Depew, a US Senator, New York State Secretary of State, and President of the New York Central Railroad.
- http://buffalostreets.wordpress.com/2012/11/20/central-park/ Buffalo’s Central Park: A Street, a Plaza and a Neighborhood November 20, 2012 by Angela Keppel
- Lewis J. Bennett History of Buffalo reprint from Genealogical and Family History of Western New York, ed. by William Richard Cutter, 1912, Vol. II
- James Arnone Central Park, Buffalo, New York: A Neighborhood of History and Tradition. 2010.
- William Richard Cutter Genealogical and Family History of New York, Vol. 11, 1912
- The Village of Depew is Unique to the Area in that it Straddles Two Townships Depew Bee, July 14, 1994.
- Carol Wagner Bassett House: A History The Junior League of Buffalo, 1985.
- Central Park is covered in the North Buffalo travel guide from Wikivoyage.