Central Pashto

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Central Pashto
Native to Afghanistan, Pakistan
Ethnicity Pashtuns (Pax̌tūn)
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 7.9 million)[1]
Arabic (Pashto alphabet)
Official status
Regulated by Academy of Sciences of Afghanistan
Language codes
ISO 639-3 pst
Glottolog cent1973[2]
The newly formed Central Pashto Language Alphabets

Central Pashto (Pashto: منځنۍ پښتو‎ manźanəi pax̌to), or Pax̌to, serves as a prestige Pashto dialect, and is based on the dialect spoken in the area around Kabul, northern Wardak, Logar and most of Paktia province. This is the dialect of Pashto used in Afghan media. Central Pashto has been developed by the National Radio & Television of Afghanistan and the Academy of Sciences of Kabul. This dialect of Pashto has been chosen as standard because the Pashtuns from north, south, east and west as well as those living in Pakistan, India, Iran and all around the world widely understand this dialect.

There has also been an effort[3] to adopt a written form based on Latin script,[4][5][6][7] but because of linking the Perso-Arabic based script with the religious views of Afghans, the effort of adapting a Roman alphabet has been failed. However, Pashto is widely written in Latin script outside Afghanistan by the 2nd and 3rd generation of Pashtun refugees many of whom never learned how to read and write the Perso-Arabic based Pashto alphabet.

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