Central Plain (China)
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Chinese Wikipedia. (April 2013)|
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2007)|
The Central Plain, or Zhongyuan or Chungyuan (Chinese: 中原; pinyin: Zhōngyuán), refers to the area on the lower reaches of the Yellow River which formed the cradle of Chinese civilization. It forms part of the North China Plain.
In its narrowest sense, the Central Plain covers modern-day Henan, the southern part of Hebei, the southern part of Shanxi, and the western part of Shandong province. A broader interpretation of the Central Plain's extent would add the Guanzhong plain of Shaanxi, the northwestern part of Jiangsu, and parts of Anhui and northern Hubei.
Since the beginning of recorded history, the Central Plain has been an important site for Chinese civilization.
In the pre-Qin era, present-day Luoyang and its nearby areas were considered the “Center of the World”, as the political seat of the Xia Dynasty was located around Songshan and the Yi-Luo river basin.
Inscriptions on some bronze objects from this era contain references to the 'Central States' (Zhongguo), 'Eastern States', or 'Southern States'. This indicates that the Central Plain, which was referred as the 'Central States' in these inscriptions, was considered to occupy the center of the world.
- Metropolitan regions of China
- Yangtze River Delta
- Pearl River Delta
- Yellow River Delta and Bohai Sea