Central Point, Oregon

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Central Point, Oregon
City
Nickname(s): The Fair City
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 42°22′N 122°55′W / 42.367°N 122.917°W / 42.367; -122.917Coordinates: 42°22′N 122°55′W / 42.367°N 122.917°W / 42.367; -122.917
Country United States
State Oregon
County Jackson
Incorporated 1889
Government
 • Mayor Hank Williams
Area[1]
 • Total 3.90 sq mi (10.10 km2)
 • Land 3.90 sq mi (10.10 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,272 ft (387.71 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 17,169
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 17,411
 • Density 4,402.3/sq mi (1,699.7/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97502
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-12400[4]
GNIS feature ID 1118785[5]
Website www.centralpointoregon.gov

Central Point is a city in Jackson County, Oregon, United States. The population was 17,235 as of July 1, 2011.[6] The city shares its southern border with Medford and is a part of the Medford metropolitan area. Central Point is home of the Jackson County Fair that occurs in July.

History[edit]

According to the City of Central Point website,[7] this community received its name because two important pioneer roads of the Rogue Valley crossed at this point which was near the center of the valley. One of these roads was the north and south road from the Willamette Valley and the other was the Road leading from Jacksonville, which was then the center of the settlement, northeast to Table Rock, Sams Valley and other localities. Central Point was named by Isaac Constant who was a pioneer of 1852 and who lived near the crossroads. The Magruder brothers established a store at this point in 1870 and a post office was soon given the name of Central Point. The town is on the Siskiyou line of the Southern Pacific Company and on the Pacific Highway and has an elevation of 1272 feet.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.90 square miles (10.10 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 534
1900 322 −39.7%
1910 761 136.3%
1920 582 −23.5%
1930 821 41.1%
1940 906 10.4%
1950 1,667 84.0%
1960 2,289 37.3%
1970 4,004 74.9%
1980 6,357 58.8%
1990 7,509 18.1%
2000 12,493 66.4%
2010 17,169 37.4%
Est. 2012 17,411 1.4%
Sources:[8] [9][10][11][4][12]

Five of the eight public schools of the Central Point School District are located in the city: Central Point Elementary School, Mae Richardson Elementary School, Jewett Elementary School, Scenic Middle School, and Crater High School.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 17,169 people, 6,542 households, and 4,670 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,402.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,699.7 /km2). There were 6,975 housing units at an average density of 1,788.5 per square mile (690.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.8% White, 0.4% African American, 1.0% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 3.1% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.0% of the population.

There were 6,542 households of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.6% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age in the city was 36.5 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.8% were from 25 to 44; 23.7% were from 45 to 64; and 14.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 12,493 people, 4,613 households, and 3,450 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,073.6 people per square mile (1,571.2/km²). There were 4,760 housing units at an average density of 1,552.1 per square mile (598.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.00% White, 0.25% African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 2.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.22% of the population.

There were 4,613 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,622, and the median income for a family was $44,849. Males had a median income of $32,778 versus $23,851 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,003. About 5.9% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Talk Radio Network is based in Central Point.

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[13] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Central Point School District 518
2 Reddaway 120
3 City of Central Point 91
4 Albertsons 77
5 Pilot Travel Center 66
6 Grange Co-op 60
7 Ray's Food Place 53
8 Providence Medical Group 40
9 Quality Fence Co. 40
10 Shari's Restaurants 35

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Central Point has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2011 Certified Population Estimates". Portland State University. Retrieved December 29, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Central Point Website". City of Central Point. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Population-Oregon". U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Population-Oregon". 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oregon". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  13. ^ City of Central Point CAFR
  14. ^ Climate Summary for Central Point, Oregon

External links[edit]