Central Pollution Control Board

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Central Pollution Control Board
CPCB
Seal of cpcb.gif
Logo of Central Pollution Control Board
Logo of Central Pollution Control Board.jpg
Flag of Central Pollution Control Board
Agency overview
Formed 22 September 1974
Employees 500[1]
Annual budget INR400 million (US$6.7 million)[2]
Agency executives Susheel Kumar, Chairman
Dr. A.B. Akolkar, Member Secretary[3]
Website www.cpcb.nic.in

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India is a statutory organisation under the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). It was established in 1974 under Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. CPCB is also entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981. It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. It Co-ordinate the activities of the State Boards by providing technical assistance and guidance and resolve disputes among them. It is an apex organization in country in the field of pollution control, as technical wing of MoEF.[4][5] The board is led by its chairman, who is nominated by the Central Government.[6] The current acting chairman is Susheel Kumar.[7]

CPCB has its head office in New Delhi, with seven zonal offices and 5 laboratories. The board conducts environmental assessment and research. It is responsible for maintain national standards under a variety of environmental laws, in consultation with zonal offices, tribal, and local governments. It has monitoring the water and air quality and maintains respective quality data. The agency also works with industries and all levels of government in a wide variety of voluntary pollution prevention programs and energy conservation efforts. It advise the central government to prevent and control water and air pollution. It also advise the Governments of Union Territories about an industry or the pollution source causing water and air pollution. CPCB along with its counterparts State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) are responsible for implementation of legislations relating to prevention and control of environmental pollution.[8][9]

The board has approximately 500 full-time employees[10] including engineers, scientists, and environmental protection specialists.

CPCB Head Office in New Delhi

History[edit]

CPCB is constituted on 22 September 1974 under Section 3 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 with the main function to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in the different areas of the States. In 1981, after Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act was passed, CPCB comes under the powers and functions of the act. The original name of CPCB was Central Board for the Prevention and Control of Pollution. It was changed to CPCB on 1 April 1988 through Water (Prevention & Control) Amendment Act, 1988 to promote cleanliness of streams, wells.[11]

The Environment Protection Act (EPA) was passed in 1986 to close the gaps in the Water and Air Act, by adding some more functions to the CPCB. CPCB plays role in abatement and control of pollution in the country by generating relevant data, providing scientific information, rendering technical inputs for formation of national policies and programs, training and development of manpower and organizing activities for promoting awareness at different levels of the Government and public.[12][13]

Functions of CPCB[edit]

functions of CPCB comes under both national level and as State Boards for the Union Territories. CPCB, under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, aims to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution, and to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.

  • Water quality/ pollution : Fresh water is a finite resource essential for use in agriculture, industry, propagation of wildlife & fisheries and for human existence. India is a riverine country. It has 14 major rivers, 44 medium rivers and 55 minor rivers besides numerous lakes, ponds and wells which are used as primary source of drinking water even without treatment. Most of the rivers being fed by monsoon rains, which is limited to only three months of the year, run dry throughout the rest of the year often carrying wastewater discharges from industries or cities or towns endangering the quality of our scarce water resources. CPCB in collaboration with concerned SPCBs/PCCs established a nationwide network of water quality monitoring, which has running 1019 stations in 27 States and 6 Union Territories. The monitoring process is done on quarterly basis in surface waters and on half yearly basis in case of ground water. It covers 200 Rivers, 60 Lakes, 5 Tanks, 3 Ponds, 3 Creeks, 13 Canals, 17 Drains and 321 Wells. Among the 1019 stations, 592 are on rivers, 65 on lakes, 17 on drains, 13 on canals, 5 on tanks, 3 on creeks, 3 on ponds and 321 are groundwater stations. The inland water quality monitoring network is operating under a three-tier program i.e. Global Environment Monitoring System (GEMS), Monitoring of Indian National Aquatic Resources System (MINARS) and Yamuna Action Plan (YAP).[15][16]
  • Urban area programs (EcoCity Program) : CPCB programs for urban areas, also known as EcoCity Program comes under X Plan to improve environment through implementation of identified environmental improvement projects in the selected towns and cities. Pilot studies conducted for urban areas by the Centre for Spatial Environmental Planning created at the CPCB under the World Bank funded Environmental Management Capacity Building Project and supported by the GTZ-CPCB Project under the Indo-German Bilateral Program.[17] According to these studies CPCB develop a comprehensive urban improvement system employing practical, innovative and non-conventional solutions. Under the X Plan, a budget provision of Rs. 15 crore has been made for the period 2002-03 to 2006-07 for the Ecocity projects.[18][19]
  • Municipal Solid Waste rules : Every municipal authority comes under the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000 (MSW Rules) and responsible for collection, segregation, storage, transportation, processing and disposal of municipal solid. CPCB collects necessary information form municipal authorities and provide them technical assistance.[20]
  • Noise Pollution/ Rules : According to S.O. 123(E) by MoEF, various sources like industrial activity, construction activity, generator sets, loud speakers, public address systems, music systems, vehicular horns and other mechanical devices have deleterious effects on human health. CPCB has the responsibility to regulate and control noise producing and generating sources with the objective of maintaining the ambient air quality standards.[21]
  • Environmental Data Statistics : CPCB manages environmental data statistic in which air quality data and water quality data comes through. In the case of air quality data, it measures the level of SO2, NO2, RSPM and SPM.[22][23] CPCB measure and maintains water quality data as well. Quality level of river and ponds are the major fields which comes under the water quality data criteria.[24][25]

Organizational structure[edit]

Organizational structure of CPCB

CPCB is led by its Chairman following by the Member Secretary. The CPCB performs its various functions through the following nine major project\ budget heads.[26][27]

  • Pollution assessment (survey and monitoring).
  • R&D and laboratory management.
  • Development of standards and guidelines for industry specific emissions and effluents standards
  • Training
  • Information database management and library
  • Pollution control technology
  • Pollution control enforcement
  • Mass awareness and publications
  • Hazard waste management[28]

Divisions of CPCB Head Office[edit]

CPCB head office is currently divided into 22 divisions. Each division have its own in charge and individual sets of goals.[29]

  • Pollution Control Planning Division (PCP).[30]
  • Pollution, Assessment, Monitoring & Survey (PAMS).[31]
  • Pollution Control Implementation Division -I (PCI-I).[32]
  • Pollution Control Implementation Division-II (PCI-II).[33]
  • Pollution Control Implementation Division - III (PCI-III).[34]
  • Urban Pollution Control Division (UPCD).[35]
  • Hazardous Waste Management Division (HWMD).[36]
  • Environmental Surveillance Squad Division (ESS).
  • Information Technology.[37]
  • Infrastructure Division (IFD).[38]
  • Environmental Training Unit (ETU).[39]
  • LEGAL CELL.[40]
  • PR SECTION.[41]
  • AS SECTION.[42]
  • BUILDING SECTION.[43]
  • LIBRARY.[44]
  • HINDI SECTION.[45]
  • ADMINISTRATION (RECRUITMENT).
  • PCI (SSI).[46]
  • ADMINISTRATION (PERSONNEL).
  • MATERIAL.
  • Accounts.

Zonal offices[edit]

CPCB has established 7 zonal offices catering to various States. Zonal offices are field offices of CPCB and all the schemes are prepared at Head office are executed by them. Zonal offices undertake field investigation and send reports on Water Quality Monitoring, Air Quality Monitoring, Industrial Inspection and other such related activities to the Head office for further action. Each zonal office caters to a fixed number of states. The Zonal offices are located at Bangaluru, Kolkata, Shillong, Bhopal, Lucknow, Vadodara and a Project Office at Agra.[47]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Environmental Compliance and Enforcement in India: Rapid Assessment". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 
  2. ^ "Annual Action Plan 2012". 
  3. ^ "Members of the Board". 
  4. ^ "ESTABLISHMENT OF - Central Pollution Control Board". Central Pollution Control Board. 
  5. ^ "Evaluation of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)". Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow. Retrieved February 2010. 
  6. ^ "Constitution of the Central Board". 
  7. ^ "Chairman of CPCB". 
  8. ^ "Functions of the Central Board". 
  9. ^ "Central Pollution Control Board". 
  10. ^ "Environmental Compliance and Enforcement in India: Rapid Assessment". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 
  11. ^ "Evaluation of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)". Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow. Retrieved February 2010. 
  12. ^ "Evaluation of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)". Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow. Retrieved February 2010. 
  13. ^ "Functions of CPCB". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  14. ^ "National Air Quality Monitoring Programme". CpCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  15. ^ "Monitoring of Indian National Aquatic Resource". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  16. ^ "Functios of CPCB". Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  17. ^ "EcoCity Program". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  18. ^ "ASEM Project". moef.nic.in. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  19. ^ "ECO – CITY Programme". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  20. ^ "MSW (M&H) Rules". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  21. ^ "Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control)". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  22. ^ "SO2 levels during 2006". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  23. ^ "Environmental Data Statistics". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  24. ^ "Water Quality Data". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  25. ^ "Water Quality of River Ganga and Yamuna At Allahabad ( UP) during Maghmela (Ardh Kumbha) 2007". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  26. ^ "Organization Chart". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  27. ^ "Current Organogram of CPCB". Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  28. ^ "CPCB CPCB OF An Introduction". Central Pollution Control Board Ministry of Environment & Forests. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  29. ^ "Divisions of Head Office". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  30. ^ "Pollution Control Planning Division". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  31. ^ "Pollution, Assessment, Monitoring & Survey". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  32. ^ "Pollution Control Implementation Division - I". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  33. ^ "Pollution Control Implementation Division-II". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  34. ^ "Pollution Control Implementation Division - III". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  35. ^ "Urban Pollution Control Division". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  36. ^ "Hazardous Waste Management Division". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  37. ^ "Information Technology". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  38. ^ "Infrastructure Division". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  39. ^ "ETU". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  40. ^ "LEGAL CELL". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  41. ^ "PR SECTION". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  42. ^ "AS SECTION". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  43. ^ "BUILDING SECTION". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  44. ^ "LIBRARY". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  45. ^ "HINDI SECTION". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  46. ^ "PCI (SSI)". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  47. ^ "Zonal Offices". CPCB. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 

External links[edit]