Central Railway zone
CR's headquarters Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
|Dates of operation||1951–Present|
|Predecessor||Great Indian Peninsula Railway, Scindia State Railway, Dholpur Railway & others|
|Headquarters||Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai|
The Central Railway (Marathi: मध्य रेल्वे) is one of the largest of the 17 zones of Indian Railways. Its headquarters is in Mumbai at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus). It includes the first passenger railway line in India, which opened from Bombay to Thane on April 16, 1853.
The railway zone was formed on November 5, 1951 by grouping several government-owned railways, including the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, the Scindia State Railway of the former princely state of Gwalior, Nizam State Railway, Wardha Coal State Railway and the Dholpur Railways.
The Central Railway zone formerly included large parts of Madhya Pradesh and part of southern Uttar Pradesh, which made it the largest railway zone in India in terms of area, track mileage and staff. These areas became the new West Central Railway zone in April 2003.
- 1 Major Routes of Central Railway
- 2 The B.B. & C.I. Railway Head Offices
- 3 Divisions of Central Railway
- 4 Notable Trains
- 5 Ongoing Projects
- 6 Utilization of Routes
- 6.1 Highest Utilized Main lines
- 6.2 Lowest Utilized Main lines
- 6.3 Reason for lower utilization
- 6.4 Ways to increase utilization
- 6.5 Re-Organization of Central Railway Zones
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Major Routes of Central Railway
- Main/Long Routes of Central Railway
- Mumbai CST – Dadar – Kurla – Thane – Diva – Kalyan – kasara - Manmad – Jalgaon – Bhusawal – Akola – Wardha – Nagpur
- Mumbai CST – Dadar – Kurla – Thane – Diva - Kalyan – Neral –Karjat - Lonavala – Pune
- Pune – Daund – Solapur – Wadi
- solapur- wadi-tandur
- Pune – Satara – Sangli – Miraj – Kolhapur
- Miraj – Pandharpur – Kurduvadi – Osmanabad – Latur – Latur Road
- Ballharshah - Sevagram(formerly Wardha East Jn.) - Nagpur - Amla - Itarsi
- Shorter/Branch routes of Central Railway are
- Mumbai CST-Vadala-King Circle
- Mumbai CST-Vadala-Kurla-Vashi-Panvel
- Amaravati - Narkher
- Diva-Bhiwandi Road-Vasai Road
- Pachora-Jamner (NG)
- Pulgaon-Arvi (NG)
- Murtijapur-Yavatml (NG)
- Murtijapur-Achalapur (NG)
The B.B. & C.I. Railway Head Offices
It was partially destroyed by fire the night the Prince of Wales left Bombay, Nov. 1906.
Central railway zone connects to other Zones of Indian railways as at
- Vasai Road Jn (WR), Dadar, Mahim Jn to Mumbai WR railway division of Western Railway Zone,
- Roha to Konkan Railway
- Mamnad Jn to Nanded railway division of South Central Railway Zone,
- Jalgaon Jn to Mumbai WR railway division of Western Railway Zone
- Khandwa Jn to Nanded railway division of South Central Railway Zone for 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) meter gauge
- Akola Jn to Nanded railway division of South Central Railway Zone for meter gauge
- Nagpur Jn to Nagpur SEC railway division of South East Central Railway Zone
- Itarsi Jn(WCR) to Bhopal division of Western Central Railway Zone,
- Chhindwara(SECR) to Nagpur SEC railway division of South East Central Railway Zone
- Ballarshah to Secundarabad railway division of South Central Railway Zone
- Pimpalkutti to Nanded railway division of South Central Railway Zone
- Wadi Jn to Secundarabad railway division of South Central Railway Zone
- Wadi Jn to Guntakal railway division of South Central Railway Zone
- Hotgi Jn to Hubli railway division of South Western Railway Zone
- Latur Road to Nanded division of South Central Railway Zone
Neral Matheran Line
Constructed in 1907, the narrow gauge Matheran line connects Neral on the Mumbai-Pune main line with the hill station of Matheran in the Western Ghats, east of Mumbai. Neral is linked to Mumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus) by frequent suburban electric trains. Steam engines have now been replaced by diesel locomotives but it is still a pleasurable journey. The route is noted for its sharp curves.
Divisions of Central Railway
- Mumbai CST - Dadar - Kurla - Thane
- Mumbai CST – Wadala Road- Kurla (Harbour Line)
- Wadala – Kings Circle – Mahim Jn – Bandra (Harbour Line)
- Kurla – Trombay(Goods)
- Kurla – Mankhud – Vashi – Nerul – Belapur – Panvel
- Thane – Airoli – Sanpada (Trans Harbour Line)
- Thane - Airoli – Nerul (Trans Harbour Line)
- Mumbai CST – Wadala Road- Kurla (Harbour Line)
- Thane - Diva Jn - Kalyan
- Diva Jn-Panvel-Roha
- Diva Jn-Bhiwandi Road-Vasai Road
- Diva Jn-Panvel-Roha
- Kalyan Jn-Kasara-Igatpuri (Inclusive)
- Kalyan Jn-Neral Jn-Karjat Jn-Lonavala (Inclusive)
- Neral Jn – Matheran (Narrow Gauge)
- Karjat Jn-Panvel
- Karjat Jn-Khopoli
- Badnera Jn(Exclude)- Pulgaon Jn – Wardha Jn – Butibori Jn-Nagpur Jn
- Sewagram - Majri Jn – Tadali Jn – Chandrapur-Ballarshah Jn(Include)
- Nagpur-Amla Jn-Itarsi Jn(exclude)
- Amla Junction-Chhindwara(exclude)
- nagpur- [sevagram]- [majri] jn [ballarsha]
Daund Sub Div.
- Manmad(exclude)-Ahmednagar-Daund Jn
- Daund Jn – Solapur
- Miraj Jn(exclude) – Kurudwadi Jn- Pandharpur – Latur – Latur Road
- Solapur – Hotgi Jn – Gulburga – Wadi Jn (Include)
- Lonavala (exclude)-Pune Jn-Daund Jn(exclude)
- Pune Jn – Satara – Sangli – Miraj Jn – Kolhapur
- Daund Jn(exclude) – Baramati
- Lonand Jn – Phaltan ( to be completed in 2011)
- Pune Jn - Rajgurunagar - Sangamner - Sinnar - Nashik Road (Project Scrapped)
- Karad - Chiplun (Proposed)
- 12109/12110 Manmad-Mumbai-Manmad Panchavati Superfast Exp(The train is recorded in the Limca book of records)
- 12289/12290 Duronto Express – Mumbai to Nagpur Super Fast Non-stop Express & run in LHB Coaches (Managed by Nagpur Division,operates with an AJNI Wap 7 Electric LOCO Daily Service)
- 2261/2262 Duronto Express – Mumbai to Howrah Super Fast Non-stop Express & run in LHB Coaches (Managed by South Eastern Railway (S.E), 4 days)
- 12221/12222 Duronto Express – Pune to Howrah Super Fast Non-stop Express & run in LHB Coaches (Managed by South Eastern Railway (S.E), 2 days)
- 2123/2124 Deccan Queen – Pune to Mumbai, pride of the Central Railway
- 12115/12116 Mumbai-Lonavala-Pune-Daund-Solapur,SuperFast
- 22101/22102 Mumbai LTT - Manmad RajyaRani SF Express
- 12117/12118 Mumbai LTT - Manmad Godavari SF Express
- 11021/11022 Mumbai-Pune-Solapur Mumbai Solapur Intercity.
- 12169/12170 Pune-Daund-Solapur InterCity Express
- 11051/11051 Solapur-Kolhapur Superfast.
- 12157/12158 Solapur-Pune Hutatma Express
- 2105/2106 Vidarbha Express – Mumbai to Gondia
- 2111/2112 Amravati Superfast Express – Mumbai to Amravati
- 2859/2860 Gitanjali Express – Mumbai to Howrah(Although Engine belongs to South Eastern Railway, coaches belong to East Coast Railway)
- 9311/9312 Indore-Pune Express - Indore to Pune via Baroda, Ratlam, Ujjain (Although coaches belong to Western Railway, gets engiene of Kaylan form Kaylan) (3 days)
- 1017/1018 Chalukya Express – Mumbai to Yeshwantpur
- 2137/2138 Punjab Mail – Mumbai to Ferozpur
- 2701/2702 Hussainsagar Express – Mumbai to Hyderabad
- 2534/2533 Pushpak Express – Mumbai to Lucknow
- 2129/2130 Azad Hind Express – Pune to Howrah(gets engiene of bhusaval shed from manmad)
- 1013/1014 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Express to Coimbatore
- 11003/11004 Rajya Rani Express – Dadar to Sawantwadi
- 1019/1020 Konark Express – Mumbai to Bhubaneshwar
- 1039/1040 Maharastra Express – Kolhapur to Gondia
- 8029/8030 Shalimar-Kurla(T)Express – Lokmanya Tilak Terminus to Shalimar(Although & coaches belong to South Eastern Railway (S.E) And Engine belongs to Eastern Railway (E.R))
- 2101/2102 Jnaneshwari Super Deluxe Express – Lokmanya Tilak Terminus to Howrah (Although Engine belongs to South Eastern Railway (S.E), but Coaches belongs to Central Railway (C.R))
- 1011/1012 Mahalaxmi Express – Mumbai to Kolhapur
- 1055/1056 Godan Express – Lokmanya Tilak Terminus to Gorakhpur
- 12051/12052 JanShantabi Exp[( Dadar to Madgaon(GAO))] One of Fastest train in Konkan Railways
- 10103/10104 Mandovi Exp [( CST to Madgaon(GAO))]
- 10111/10112 Konkan Kanya Exp [( CST to Madgaon(GAO))]
- Ahmednagar – Parli Vaijnath
- Wardha - Yavatmal - Nanded
- Daund-Manmad (Announced but not yet taken up)
- Bhigvan-Mohol (Earth work started)
- Hotagi-Gulbarga (Earth work started)
- Jalgaon-Nandurbar-Surat (Work in progress)
- Sewagram - Nagpur Jn.
- Manmad - Daund (Electrification)(Work In Progress)
- Pune-Daund (Electrification)(Work In Progress)
Utilization of Routes
Highest Utilized Main lines
- Mumbai-Kalyan-Karjat/Kasara sub-urban section
Lowest Utilized Main lines
- Pune-Miraj (only 6 daily express trains and few non-daily trains run on this route)
- Miraj-Latur (one daily express train and 2 passenger trains run on this route)
- majri jn-nanded (one daily express train and 3 express trains ran on this route)
Reason for lower utilization
No new daily express train has been introduced on the Pune-Miraj-Hubli-Bangalore, Pune-Miraj-Londa-Madgaon or Pune-Miraj-Hubli-Chennai route in the last 15 years. Chalukya express was introduced in 1995 via Pune-Miraj-Hubli-Bangalore section which runs five days a week. Apart from Chalukya express, only a handful of non-weekly trains like Delhi-Bangalore Karnataka Sampark Kranti(bi-weekly), Suvarnajayanti(Weekly), Pune-Ernakulam(weekly) and Ajmer/Jodhpur-Bangalore bi-weekly express have been introduced in the last 15 years.
Pune-Miraj-Hubli section was earlier with Secunderabad(AP) based South Central Railway (SCR). SCR laid more emphasis on starting new trains in Andhra Pradesh state only. As a result, no development took place on Pune-Miraj-Hubli section. Finally, Pune-Miraj section was handed over to Pune division of Central Railway(CR) and Miraj-Hubli section was handed over to the newly created South Western Railway (SWR)Hubli Division. Pune-Miraj-Hubli section has now been divided into two parts one went to CR and other went to SWR.
CR Pune Division has introduced more trains towards North of Pune and SWR Hubli Division has introduced more trains towards South of Hubli. As a result the Pune-Miraj-Hubli stretch has been left with very few trains. No new daily express trains have been introduced on Pune-Miraj-Hubli stretch after bifurcation into CR and SWR. This has resulted in under-utilization of Pune-Miraj section.
Ways to increase utilization
There is a heavy passenger traffic on Mumbai-Bangalore, Mumbai-Chennai, Mumbai-Coimbatore, Mumbai-Tirupati routes. Lot of private buses ply on these routes as all trains on these routes are always full. Starting new trains to Bangalore & Chennai via Pune Miraj route which is under-utilized could help reduce the waiting list on many long distance trains.
Doubling of tracks and electrification of Pune to Wadi will ensure that more trains can be run between Mumbai and Chennai/Hyderabad. Pune Chamber of Commerce has demanded Doubling & Electrification of Pune-Miraj-Bangalore rail line which will speed up the travel time between Mumbai, Pune and Bangalore.
Ratnagiri-Sangli-Miraj-Bijapur-Wadi railway line must be laid to connect Konkan rail with South Maharashtra, North Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh.
This route will pass from Ratnagiri to Shirala, Islampur & Sangli. From Sangli, Miraj to Bijapur & Wadi.
Ratnagiri-Sangli (140 km) Sangli-Miraj Jn. (existing line 8 km) Miraj-Bijapur-Wadi Jn. (252 km) Ratnagiri-Wadi Jn. Total Distance 400 km.
This will help industries which are coming up in a major MIDC Industrial Estate at Shirala in Sangli district. Islampur MIDC industrial estate will also directly benefit from this railway project.
Railways will get very good income from Freight (Goods). Two major industrial estates Shirala & Islampur lie directly on this line. Apart from these, 8-10 other industrial estates in Sangli district will benefit from this railway line.
This will provide following important links
Mumbai-Ratnagiri-Miraj-Bijapur-Wadi-Chennai Pune-Miraj-Bijapur-Wadi-Chennai Bhubaneshwar-Hyderabad-Wadi-Bijapur-Miraj-Madgaon Vishakapatnam-Wadi-Miraj-Mumbai Vishakapatnam-Wadi-Miraj-Madgaon This new rail route will connect many more cities & towns. It will help economic development of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa & Andhra Pradesh states & indirectly benefit the whole of India.
Railways can introduce high speed trains on following route
Mumbai-Panvel-Ratnagiri-Sangli-Bangalore. Mumbai-Ratnagiri-Sangli-Bijapur-Wadi-Chennai. Ratnagiri-Sangli-Bijapur-Wadi link will be a major break through with multiple advantages:
Ratnagiri-Sangli railway line via Shirala will be the shortest link between Konkan railway & Central railway. Traffic on lot of existing railway lines will be eased. Economic Development of Konkan, South Maharashtra & North Karnataka. Freight transport between Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh will be more faster. Economic Development of many towns & cities along this route will speed up. Konkan railway will be linked directly to Bhubaneshwar, Vishakapatnam, Hyderabad, Bangalore & Chennai. Mumbai-Bangalore & Mumbai-Chennai travel will be faster Pune, Satara, Sangli will be directly connected to Ratnagiri, Goa & Kerala via Konkan rail. Ratnagiri port will be directly connected with rest of India by the shortest route. Load on Mumbai port will be drastically reduced. It will result in substantial savings for Indian manufacturing companies who are exporting & importing goods. Shirala, Islampur & Ashta towns will be connected to the rest of India by railway for the first time.
Re-Organization of Central Railway Zones
||This article possibly contains original research. (December 2012)|
The load on Mumbai Division is every growing with the sub-urban local traffic increasing every day. Now Thane-Belapur trans harbour line has also been added to Mumbai division. It is becoming difficult to manage the Mumbai Division day by day. Under these circumstances, it is necessary to re-organize the Central railway by transferring the busy Karjat-Lonavala-Pune section to Pune division and carving a new Division at Miraj junction which now has 4 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) broad gauge routes connecting it with a heavy passenger and freight traffic. The re-organization would result in following changes to Pune Division:
Pune Division (Re-organized)
Miraj Division (Creation of Miraj division to reduce load on Mumbai & Pune divisions)
Creation of Miraj division would reduce the load on the current Mumbai & Pune divisions. Also submit the Lonavla-pune in Mumbai division. Proposal for creation of new Miraj Division has been handed over to Mr. SK Sood, GM.
- Rao, M.A. (1988). Indian Railways, New Delhi: National Book Trust, p.42
- Welcome to Central Railways – Construction > Projects
- Welcome to Central Railways – Construction > Projects
- Work on Nashik-Pune rail route begins
- Maharashtra Government to share cost for Pune-Nashik, Karad-Chiplun rail links
- Bhusawal Division
- Central, Western and Harbour railway timetable
- CENTRAL Railway local Train Timetable
- Detailed Mumbai Local Train Time Table
- Detailed Mumbai Local Train Time Table (Mobile)