List of tollways in Texas

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There are approximately 25 current toll roads in the state of Texas.[1] Toll roads are more common in Texas than in many other U.S. states, since the relatively low revenues from the state's gasoline tax limits highway planners' means to fund the construction and operation of highways.

State-operated tollways[edit]

Interchange of Interstate 35 and State Highway 45

The Toll Operations division of the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) operates the Central Texas Turnpike System (CTTS) as well as other toll roads around the state.

Central Texas Turnpike System[edit]

TxDOT[edit]

TxDOT established the Grand Parkway Transportation Corporation for the purpose of developing the Grand Parkway toll project, a portion of which is now open.

Regionally-operated tollways[edit]

Regional tollway authorities are political subdivisions of the state established by two or more counties.

Dallas/Fort Worth[edit]

The North Texas Tollway Authority (NTTA) operates all tollways in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex.

County-operated tollways[edit]

County toll road authorities are established by single counties. A county toll road authority is a division of the county in which it is established.

Harris County[edit]

The Harris County Toll Road Authority (HCTRA) operates toll roads in Harris County.

Fort Bend County[edit]

The Fort Bend County Toll Road Authority (FBCTRA) operates toll roads in Fort Bend County

Other counties[edit]

The following authorities are established but do not yet operate any toll roads.

Regional mobility authorities[edit]

In 2001 the State Legislature authorized the creation of the Regional Mobility Authorities (RMAs). These authorities are designed as a means for individual or multiple counties to build, operate, and maintain local toll roads or other transportation projects. These authorities are authorized to issue bonds as well as designate local revenue sources to pay for the initial costs of the projects. The primary purpose for creating the RMAs was to reduce the time and bureaucratic "red tape" in the toll road building process.

RMAs in Texas and current toll roads[edit]

Airport tollways[edit]

The Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport operates International Parkway as a toll road.

Privately managed tollways[edit]

Sections 5 and 6 of State Highway 130 extend from SH 45SE to I-10. The highway is owned by the State of Texas and is operated by the SH 130 Concession Company.

Moratorium on Texas tollways[edit]

Due to the enduring controversy over the future of Texas tollways, the state legislature overwhelmingly passed a moratorium on all new tollways in Texas in 2007. The moratorium effectively banned all new proposals for tollways for two years, until 2009. However, this moratorium was deemed the "Swiss cheese moratorium," as it had a multitude of exemptions placed in it.[2] Specifically, the exemptions allowed almost all the projects in the North Texas/Dallas regions to go forward. The primary concern leading to the moratorium was that the state was hurting taxpayers in the long run by deviating from its tollway authority model and contracting out roads entirely to private companies. Many legislators saw this as problematic, as the primary function of these tollways would not be to serve the public but to serve as an instrument of profit for private corporations. These companies could raise tolls to whatever the market could bear with little or virtually no public input and the tolls would continue long after the construction costs were paid for.

TxDOT support for tollways[edit]

TxDot is in favor of the tollways, claiming that it simply does not have the funds to provide the anticipated service requirements of the Texas populace.[3] Phil Russell, director of TxDOT's Texas Turnpike Authority Division, said in a statement, “We simply can’t continue to rely on the gas tax as our sole source of highway funding. In fact, projections are that the state gas tax would need to be raised 600 percent to meet our transportation needs over the next 25 years. Texans tell us that they want relief from traffic congestion now, not later. Toll roads allow us to build roads sooner.” [4]

External links[edit]

References[edit]