List of tollways in Texas
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There are approximately 25 current toll roads in the state of Texas. Toll roads are more common in Texas than in many other U.S. states, since the relatively low revenues from the state's gasoline tax limits highway planners' means to fund the construction and operation of highways.
- 1 State-operated tollways
- 2 Regionally-operated tollways
- 3 County-operated tollways
- 4 Regional mobility authorities
- 5 Airport tollways
- 6 Privately managed tollways
- 7 Moratorium on Texas tollways
- 8 TxDOT support for tollways
- 9 External links
- 10 References
Central Texas Turnpike System
TxDOT established the Grand Parkway Transportation Corporation for the purpose of developing the Grand Parkway toll project, a portion of which is now open.
Regional tollway authorities are political subdivisions of the state established by two or more counties.
- Addison Airport Toll Tunnel
- Chisholm Trail Parkway
- Dallas North Tollway
- Lewisville Lake Toll Bridge
- Mountain Creek Lake Bridge
- President George Bush Turnpike
- Sam Rayburn Tollway
County toll road authorities are established by single counties. A county toll road authority is a division of the county in which it is established.
The Harris County Toll Road Authority (HCTRA) operates toll roads in Harris County.
Fort Bend County
The Fort Bend County Toll Road Authority (FBCTRA) operates toll roads in Fort Bend County
The following authorities are established but do not yet operate any toll roads.
- Brazoria County Toll Road Authority (BCTRA)
- Montgomery County Transportation Program (MCTP) - a sub-branch of the Montgomery County Toll Road Authority (MCTRA)
- Collin County Toll Road Authority (CCTRA)
- Fort Bend Grand Parkway Toll Road Authority
In 2001 the State Legislature authorized the creation of the Regional Mobility Authorities (RMAs). These authorities are designed as a means for individual or multiple counties to build, operate, and maintain local toll roads or other transportation projects. These authorities are authorized to issue bonds as well as designate local revenue sources to pay for the initial costs of the projects. The primary purpose for creating the RMAs was to reduce the time and bureaucratic "red tape" in the toll road building process.
RMAs in Texas and current toll roads
- Alamo Regional Mobility Authority (ARMA)
- Cameron County Regional Mobility Authority (CCRMA)
- Central Texas Regional Mobility Authority (CTRMA)
- North East Texas Regional Mobility Authority (NETRMA)
- Grayson County Regional Mobility Authority (GCRMA)
- Camino Real Regional Mobility Authority
- Hidalgo County Regional Mobility Authority (HCRMA)
- Sulphur River Regional Mobility Authority (SURRMA)
Privately managed tollways
Moratorium on Texas tollways
Due to the enduring controversy over the future of Texas tollways, the state legislature overwhelmingly passed a moratorium on all new tollways in Texas in 2007. The moratorium effectively banned all new proposals for tollways for two years, until 2009. However, this moratorium was deemed the "Swiss cheese moratorium," as it had a multitude of exemptions placed in it. Specifically, the exemptions allowed almost all the projects in the North Texas/Dallas regions to go forward. The primary concern leading to the moratorium was that the state was hurting taxpayers in the long run by deviating from its tollway authority model and contracting out roads entirely to private companies. Many legislators saw this as problematic, as the primary function of these tollways would not be to serve the public but to serve as an instrument of profit for private corporations. These companies could raise tolls to whatever the market could bear with little or virtually no public input and the tolls would continue long after the construction costs were paid for.
TxDOT support for tollways
TxDot is in favor of the tollways, claiming that it simply does not have the funds to provide the anticipated service requirements of the Texas populace. Phil Russell, director of TxDOT's Texas Turnpike Authority Division, said in a statement, “We simply can’t continue to rely on the gas tax as our sole source of highway funding. In fact, projections are that the state gas tax would need to be raised 600 percent to meet our transportation needs over the next 25 years. Texans tell us that they want relief from traffic congestion now, not later. Toll roads allow us to build roads sooner.” 
- Harris County Toll Road Authority
- North Texas Tollway Authority
- Central Texas Regional Mobility Authority
- Central Texas Turnpike System
- Grand Parkway Transportation Corporation
- Fort Bend Grand Parkway Toll Road Authority
- SH 130 Concession Company
- Aman Batheja (July 4, 2014). "As Perry Exits, Texas GOP Shifting Away From Toll Roads". Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Perry signs legislation to halt private toll roads | Dallas Morning News | News for Dallas, Texas | Texas Legislature
- TxDOT running out of cash for new roads | Dallas Morning News | News for Dallas, Texas | Texas Regional News
- Texas Tollways