Central Zone of São Paulo

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Central Zone of São Paulo
Zona Central
Skyline of Central Zone of São Paulo
Location of Central Zone of São Paulo
Location of Central Zone of São Paulo
Country  Brazil
State Bandeira do estado de São Paulo.svg São Paulo
City Bandeira da cidade de São Paulo.svg São Paulo
Subprefectures
Area
 • Total 8 km2 (3.2 sq mi)

The Central Zone (Portuguese: Zona Central de São Paulo) is an administrative zone of the city of São Paulo, Brazil.

One of the largest commercial and business districts in Latin America, the region is administered by the subprefecture of Sé. It is not concurrent, although often confused, with the regions known as Centro Expandido ("Expanded Center"), a broader area used by the city government for urban planning and road space rationing actions and Centro Histórico de São Paulo ("São Paulo Historic Center"), which, as the name implies, includes only the oldest part of the central region.

Limits[edit]

Officially, the central area is bounded by districts of Municipality Cathedral. However, the social perception of what is called "center of São Paulo" varies and may include other areas of city. Until the creation of the administrative office of the Cathedral, the notion of "center" was equivalent to the region of the former administration regional office, who also included the districts of Brás and Pari, currently covered by an Municipality of Mooca. The concept of a central area of São Paulo, however, is wider depending on the study is done about the region and may include items such as financial centers Paulista Avenue and Berrini.

Districts Population HDI
Santa Cecília 71.179 hab. 0,930
Bela Vista 63.190 hab. 0,940
Liberdade 61.875 hab. 0,936
Consolação 54.522 hab. 0,950
República 47.718 hab. 0,901
Cambuci 28.717 hab. 0,903
Bom Retiro 26.598 hab. 0,864
20.115 hab. 0,858

Social Characteristics[edit]

The total population of the area, which encompasses the neighborhoods and districts of itself, Bela Vista, Bom Retiro, Cambuci, Consolação, Aclimação, Brás, Liberdade, República and Santa Cecília, is, according to the 2000 census, 374,002 inhabitants, with an average income of R$ 2335.54, and it is the least populated administrative region in the city, albeit one with a wider range of public facilities and jobs. According to IBGE and SEADE statistics, each year the central area of São Paulo has a rate negative of population growth that reaches 5% per year.[1][2] This factor contributed to what has been called degradation the region, as some experts in urban studies, with the removal of the São Paulo elite of the central areas, occurs along the removal of public stewardship, leading to a sense of abandonment. Despite showing an average income higher than that of other regions of the city, it has many homeless individuals and pockets of poverty, such as the region known as Cracolândia (lit. "Crackland"), which has recently been undergoing a controversial process of revitalization by the city government, accused of promoting "social hygiene" through gentrification.

Point of intersection of the city's main thoroughfares, the region is the most well-served by public transportation, all underground lines, except for Line 5, being present. It is also home to some of the major institutions of higher education in the city, as Mackenzie University, The Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation (FAAP) and units of the University of São Paulo (USP), like Law School, The University Center on Maria Antonia Street, and the headquarters of the USP Post-Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Affairs.

Key points[edit]

Chá Viaduct and Shopping Light
São João Avenue
Júlio Prestes Station

Viaducts[edit]

  • Chá Viaduct
  • Santa Ifigênia Viaduct
  • Anhangabaú Square

Avenue and Streets[edit]

  • Prestes Maia Avenue
  • Tiradentes Avenue
  • Brigadeiro Luís Antônio Avenue
  • Liberdade Avenue
  • Estado Avenue
  • São João Avenue
  • Ipiranga Avenue
  • Rio Branco Avenue
  • 23 de Maio Avenue
  • 9 de Julho Avenue
  • Angélica Avenue
  • Paulista Avenue
  • Conselheiro Furtado Street
  • 15 de Novembro Street
  • Rua 25 de Março
  • Porto Geral Alley
  • Consolação Street
  • Augusta Street
  • Maria Antonia Street
  • Dona Veridiana Street
  • Higienópolis Avenue
  • Carmo Street
  • Vergueiro Street

Squares[edit]

  • Praça da Sé
  • Praça da República
  • Praça Doutor João Mendes
  • Praça Ramos de Azevedo
  • Pátio do Colégio
  • Largo do Arouche
  • Largo São Bento
  • Largo do Paiçandu
  • Largo de São Francisco
  • Largo da Misericórdia

Metro and commuter railway stations[edit]

  • CPTM commuter railway stations

Major Shopping Centers[edit]

  • Shopping Light
  • Shopping Frei Caneca
  • Shopping Paulista
  • Shopping Pátio Higienópolis

Major Parks[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Hospitals[edit]

  • Hospital Samaritano
  • Hospital Santa Catarina
  • Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo (ISCMSP)
  • Hospital Nove de Julho
  • Hospital Sírio-Libanês
  • Hospital Alemão Oswaldo Cruz
  • Beneficência Portuguesa de São Paulo

Culture and Leisure[edit]

Rivers[edit]

Buildings[edit]

Major buildings in the central zone of São Paulo:

  Buildings that have been the first major structures of the region
Rank Name Height
ft (m)
Floors Year
1 Mirante do Vale 558/170 51 1960
2 Edifício Itália 556/168 45 1965
3 Altino Arantes Building 528/161 40 1947
4 Banco do Brasil Building 474/143 24 1955
5 Edifício Copan 460/140 45 1953
6 Barão de Iguape Building 445/133 37 1959
7 Ipiranga 165 440/130 36 1968
8 Martinelli Building 440/130 30 1929
9 Grande São Paulo Building 438/129 40 1971
10 Mercantil Finasa 438/129 35 1973
11 Andraus Building 390/115 32 1962
12 Conde de Prates Building 385/112 33 1955
13 CBI Esplanada 380/110 30 1948

Sightseeing[edit]

Torre Banespa ("Banespa Tower"), situated on the highest point of the Altino Arantes Building and Edifício Itália are the main sightseeing places in the region and São Paulo as a whole, providing a privileged views of the city with a range of up to 40 kilometers, making it possible to see other city landmarks such as the Mercado Municipal, the São Paulo Cathedral, Edifício Copan and even Serra da Cantareira at distance. Mirante do Vale Building, completed in 1960, although not well known as a sightseeing place due to its location at the bottom of a valley, is still the tallest building in Brazil.

Panorama[edit]

Panoramic view from the terrace of Edifício Mirante do Vale, highlighting Edifício Itália in the centre.
View of Mirante do Vale, Banco do Brasil and Itália buildings.
Panoramic view of buildings in the central zone of São Paulo.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Outskirts of São Paulo grows more than the center Retrieved on January 24, 2008
  2. ^ São Paulo has drop in population growth Retrieved on January 24, 2008

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°32′42″S 46°38′18″W / 23.54500°S 46.63833°W / -23.54500; -46.63833