Central banks and currencies of Africa

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Usage of:
     West African CFA franc
     Central African CFA franc

There are two African currency unions associated with multinational central banks; the West African Banque Centrale des Etats de l'Afrique de l'Ouest (BCEAO) and the Central African Banque des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale (BEAC). Members of both currency unions use the CFA Franc as their legal tender.

Below is a list of the central banks and currencies of Africa.

Country Currency Central bank GDP ($ Billions)
 Benin
 Burkina Faso
 Ivory Coast
 Guinea-Bissau
 Mali
 Niger
 Senegal
 Togo
West African CFA franc Central Bank of West African States 145.33
 Cameroon
 Central African Republic
 Chad
 Republic of the Congo
 Equatorial Guinea
 Gabon
Central African CFA franc Bank of Central African States 149.1
 Algeria Algerian dinar Bank of Algeria 274.5
 Angola Angolan kwanza Banco Nacional de Angola 126.21
 Botswana Botswana pula Bank of Botswana 31.5
 Burundi Burundian franc Bank of the Republic of Burundi 5.5
 Cape Verde Cape Verdean escudo Bank of Cape Verde 2.18
 Comoros Comorian franc Central Bank of the Comoros 0.84
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Congolese franc Central Bank of the Congo 27.5
 Djibouti Djiboutian franc Central Bank of Djibouti 2.38
 Egypt Egyptian pound Central Bank of Egypt 538
 Eritrea Eritrean nakfa Bank of Eritrea 4.4
 Ethiopia Ethiopian birr National Bank of Ethiopia 103.1
 Gambia Gambian dalasi Central Bank of The Gambia 3.5
 Ghana Ghanaian cedi Bank of Ghana 90
 Guinea Guinean franc Central Bank of the Republic of Guinea 12.3
 Kenya Kenyan shilling Central Bank of Kenya 76
 Lesotho Lesotho loti Central Bank of Lesotho 3.9
 Liberia Liberian dollar Central Bank of Liberia 2.7
 Libya Libyan dinar Central Bank of Libya 88
 Madagascar Malagasy ariary Central Bank of Madagascar 21.4
 Malawi Malawian kwacha Reserve Bank of Malawi 14.6
 Mauritania Mauritanian ouguiya Central Bank of Mauritania 7.6
 Mauritius Mauritian rupee Bank of Mauritius 20.3
 Morocco Moroccan dirham Bank Al-Maghrib 171.91
 Mozambique Mozambican metical Bank of Mozambique 26.2
 Namibia Namibian dollar Bank of Namibia 16.8
 Nigeria Nigerian naira Central Bank of Nigeria 451
 Rwanda Rwandan franc National Bank of Rwanda 14.9
 São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe dobra National Bank of São Tomé and Príncipe 0.4
 Seychelles Seychellois rupee Central Bank of Seychelles 2.41
 Sierra Leone Sierra Leonean leone Bank of Sierra Leone 8.4
 Somalia Somali shilling Central Bank of Somalia 5.9
 South Africa South African rand South African Reserve Bank 579
 South Sudan South Sudanese pound Bank of South Sudan 9.7
 Sudan Sudanese pound Bank of Sudan 80.4
 Swaziland Swazi lilangeni Central Bank of Swaziland 6.1
 Tanzania Tanzanian shilling Bank of Tanzania 74
 Tunisia Tunisian dinar Central Bank of Tunisia 104.4
 Uganda Ugandan shilling Bank of Uganda 51
 Zambia Zambian kwacha Bank of Zambia 23.7
 Zimbabwe Zimbabwean dollar Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe 6.91

World Economic Outlook Database, October 2012, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on October 10, 2013.

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