Central station

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A late nineteenth century photochrom of Amsterdam Centraal in the Netherlands

Central station is a frequently-encountered element in the name of railway stations, especially central or principal stations of a town or city, for example Sydney Central and Melbourne Central. "Central" also appears in names of stations that once served railway companies that used Central as part of their name—for example Leicester Central railway station was owned by the Great Central Railway, and Grand Central Station in New York City was part of the New York Central Railroad.

When translating foreign texts into English, "Central station" sometimes replaces the name of stations in the non-English speaking world where the literal meaning of the station's name is central station or main station. An example of the latter is the Danish word hovedbanegård.[citation needed] Travel and rail sources such as Rough Guides,[1] Thomas Cook European Timetable and Deutsche Bahn's passenger information[2] generally use the real name, avoiding ambiguity and potential confusion.

Europe[edit]

Non-English language names for Central station include:

  • Централна гара (tsentralna gara) in Bulgarian
  • střed in Czech
  • Centraal Station (abbreviated formerly as CS and currently as Centraal) in Dutch
  • Gare centrale in French
  • Centralbahnhof or Zentralbahnhof in German
  • Stazione Centrale (abbreviated C.le) in Italian
  • sentralstasjon in Norwegian
  • Estación Central in Spanish
  • centralstation (abbreviated central or C) in Swedish

Non-English language terms that literally mean main station are sometimes translated into English as Central:

  • Glavni kolodvor (abbreviated Gl. kol.) in Croatian
  • hlavní nádraží (abbreviated hl. n.) in Czech
  • hovedbanegård in Danish
  • Hauptbahnhof (abbreviated Hbf or HB) in German
  • Dworzec Główny in Polish
  • hlavná stanica (abbreviated hl. st.) in Slovak

United Kingdom[edit]

Many railway stations in Britain that use 'Central' are not 'principal' stations, and are merely called Central to distinguish them from other stations with different names, or for prestige. In some cases, a station originally owned by the Great Central Railway in locations served by more than one station was called Central. Town also appears: for example Edenbridge Town distinguishes it from Edenbridge station.

One of the few 'principal' stations in the UK that is called 'Central' and truly is in the centre of the city it serves is Glasgow Central station. Though Glasgow was once served by four principal terminus stations, all within the city centre, only one was called 'Central'. With a few exceptions such as the Argyle line, Central serves all stations south of the city while Glasgow Queen Street serves as the principal station for all services North of the city. Likewise, Cardiff Central is located in the city centre and is the mainline hub of the South Wales' rail network, which includes 19 other stations in Cardiff itself, one of which is another principal city centre station, Cardiff Queen Street.

  1. Acton Central railway station
  2. Belfast Central railway station
  3. Birkenhead Central railway station
  4. Brackley Central railway station
  5. Burnley Central railway station
  6. Cardiff Central railway station
  7. Chesterfield Central railway station
  8. Coatbridge Central railway station
  9. Croydon Central railway station
  10. Dumbarton Central railway station
  11. Exeter Central railway station
  12. Finchley Central tube station
  13. Folkestone Central railway station
  14. Gainsborough Central railway station
  15. Glasgow Central railway station
  16. Greenock Central railway station
  17. Hackney Central railway station
  18. Hamilton Central railway station
  19. Helensburgh Central railway station
  20. Hendon Central tube station
  21. Hounslow Central tube station
  22. Hyde Central railway station
  23. Kirkby-in-Ashfield Central railway station
  24. Leicester Central railway station
  25. Lincoln Central railway station
  26. Liverpool Central railway station
  27. Loughborough Central railway station
  28. Manchester Central railway station
  29. Mansfield Central railway station
  30. Milton Keynes Central railway station
  31. New Mills Central railway station
  32. Newcastle Central railway station and associated Central Station Metro station
  33. Redcar Central railway station
  34. Rotherham Central railway station
  35. Rugby Central railway station
  36. St Helens Central railway station
  37. St Helens Central (GCR) railway station
  38. Salford Central railway station
  39. Southend Central railway station
  40. Southampton Central railway station
  41. Staveley Central railway station
  42. Sutton-in-Ashfield Central railway station
  43. Telford Central railway station
  44. Tuxford Central railway station
  45. Walthamstow Central station
  46. Warrington Central railway station
  47. Wembley Central station
  48. Windsor and Eton Central railway station
  49. Wrexham Central railway station

Belarus[edit]

  1. Brest Central Station (Brest-Centralny, Брест-Центральный)

Belgium[edit]

Three stations in Belgium are named "-Central" (Dutch Centraal).

  1. Antwerp Central Station (Antwerpen-Centraal)
  2. Brussels Central Station (Bruxelles-Central / Brussel-Centraal) - not to be confused with the city's main international station, Brussels Midi (meaning "Brussels south"; the French word "Midi" is generally used as the station's name in English).
  3. Verviers Central Station (Verviers-Central)

Denmark[edit]

Two Danish stations have names sometimes translated to central:

  1. Aarhus Central Station - the busiest Danish station outside the Copenhagen area
  2. Copenhagen Central Station - the largest station in Denmark

Bulgaria[edit]

There are three stations with "central" in their names:

  1. Central Railway Station, Sofia (Централна гара София)
  2. Central Railway Station, Plovdiv (Централна гара Пловдив)
  3. Ruse Central railway station (Централна гара Русе)

Czech Republic[edit]

  1. Praha Masarykovo nádraží was called Praha střed (Prague Central) from 1953 to 1990.

Finland[edit]

Two Finish stations can be translated to central:

  1. Helsinki Central railway station (Helsingin päärautatieasema)
  2. Turku Central railway station (Turun päärautatieasema)

Germany[edit]

In Germany Hauptbahnhof means "main station";[1][3][4][5][6][7][8] some sources translate Hauptbahnhof as "central station",[3][4][7][9][10] although stations named Hauptbahnhof may not be centrally located or have any historic link to railway companies using the name Central. While using Hauptbahnhof in its journey planner[11] and passenger information, in English-language publications Deutsche Bahn uses variously Hauptbahnhof,[12] Main[13] and Central.[13][14]

In most cities and towns where there is more than one passenger station, the Hauptbahnhof is the principal station. Where other stations are more geographically central, they may be named Mitte or Stadtmitte ("city centre"), e.g. Koblenz Stadtmitte station. A Hauptbahnhof may also include a goods station or marshalling yard, as at Halle/Saale, or, as in the case of Gevelsberg, just be a halt.

Some stations now called Hauptbahnhöfe (for example, Munich and Frankfurt) were officially called Centralbahnhöfe prior to the 1920s.[15][16] At that time Centralbahnhof or Zentralbahnhof was a common colloquial term for these stations.[17] The German national railway operator, Deutsche Bahn, has currently designated 122 stations as Hauptbahnhöfe.[18]

Hamburg Hauptbahnhof is the busiest station in Germany,[19] with 450,000 passengers and visitors daily.[20] The largest station in Germany by number of tracks is Munich Hbf with 32 above-ground tracks, whilst the largest by area is Leipzig Hauptbahnhof, which covers 85,000 square metres. The smallest town in Germany with a Hauptbahnhof is Berchtesgaden. Today, Remscheid Hauptbahnhof and Gevelsberg Hauptbahnhof are only served by a single Regionalbahn or S Bahn service. The most recent station named Hauptbahnhof by DB is Stralsund Hauptbahnhof.

The following stations historically bore the name Centralbahnhof or Zentralbahnhof as part of their proper name:[21]

  1. Chemnitz Hauptbahnhof[22]
  2. Köln Hauptbahnhof[23][24]
  3. Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof[16]
  4. Hamburg Dammtor station: documents from around the time of the opening of the station refer to Centralbahnhof.[25][26] or Zentral-Bahnhof.[27]
  5. Ingolstadt Hauptbahnhof[28]
  6. Magdeburg Hauptbahnhof[29]
  7. Mainz Hauptbahnhof[30][31][32][33]
  8. München Hauptbahnhof[15] until 1 May 1904.
  9. Oldenburg Hauptbahnhof (called Centralbahnhof Oldenburg from 1879 to 1911[34])
  10. Osnabruck Hauptbahnhof[35]
  11. Stuttgart Zentralbahnhof (or Centralbahnhof) was a centrally-located station on the Zentralbahn (replaced by Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof, which opened on a new site east of the centre in 1922).[36]

Italy[edit]

  1. Agrigento Centrale railway station
  2. Bari Centrale railway station
  3. Barletta Centrale railway station (FNB)
  4. Bologna Centrale railway station
  5. Catania Centrale railway station
  6. Gorizia Centrale railway station
  7. La Spezia Centrale railway station
  8. Lamezia Terme Centrale railway station
  9. Livorno Centrale railway station
  10. Messina Centrale railway station
  11. Milano Centrale railway station
  12. Napoli Centrale railway station
  13. Palermo Centrale railway station
  14. Pescara Centrale railway station
  15. Pisa Centrale railway station
  16. Prato Centrale railway station
  17. Reggio Calabria Centrale railway station
  18. Tarvisio Centrale railway station - now closed
  19. Torre Annunziata Centrale railway station
  20. Trieste Centrale railway station
  21. Treviglio railway station, also known as Treviglio Centrale
  22. Treviso Centrale railway station
  23. Trieste Centrale railway station

Netherlands[edit]

In the Netherlands, a central station (in its original sense) was a railway station that was served by several railway companies and thus was the most important station of the city.[citation needed] Since the various private railways were merged in the early 20th century into a national railway, the term came to mean, in everyday language, the main railway station of a city.

Seven stations have the word Centraal:

  1. Amsterdam Centraal
  2. Den Haag Centraal
  3. Leiden Centraal
  4. Rotterdam Centraal
  5. Utrecht Centraal
  6. Breda Centraal (after renovation)
  7. Arnhem Centraal (after renovation)

There are also stations with the word Centrum, which indicates the station is in the city centre:

  1. Almere Centrum
  2. Barneveld Centrum
  3. Ede Centrum
  4. Kerkrade Centrum
  5. Lelystad Centrum
  6. Veenendaal Centrum

Norway[edit]

  1. Oslo Central Station (Oslo Sentralstasjon)
  2. Trondheim Central Station (Trondheim Sentralstasjon)

Poland[edit]

The designation "main station" (Dworzec główny, abbreviated to " Gł") is used in many Polish cities to indicate the most important passenger or goods station, for instance Szczecin Główny. However there is an exception:

  1. Warszawa Centralna railway station is the principal station in the capital Warsaw.

Sweden[edit]

In Sweden the term "central station" (Centralstation, abbreviated to Central or C) is used to indicate the primary station in towns and cities with more than one railway station. Many are termini for one or more lines. However, the term can also occur in a broader sense, even being used for the only railway station in a town. In some cases, this is because other stations have closed but, in others, the station is called "central" even though there has only ever been one. In these cases, the term "central" was used to highlight the level of service required due to the station's importance in the network, particularly at important railway junctions.

  1. Arlanda Central Station (Stockholm Arlanda Airport)
  2. Gothenburg Central Station
  3. Halmstad Central Station
  4. Hässleholm Central Station
  5. Jönköping Central Station
  6. Malmö Central Station
  7. Norrköping Central Station
  8. Nässjö Central Station
  9. Stockholm Central Station
  10. Uppsala Central Station
  11. Västerås Central Station
  12. Lund Central Station
  13. Kalmar Central Station
  14. Karlskrona Central Station
  15. Kristianstad Central Station
  16. Linköping Central Station
  17. Helsingborg Central Station
  18. Södertälje Central Station
  19. Örebro Central Station

Switzerland[edit]

Similar to principal stations in Germany, the most important station in Zürich is called Hauptbahnhof (Main Station), which in some sources is translated to central station in English.[37]

Additionally, Basel SBB railway station was originally known as the Centralbahnhof or, in English, Basle Central Station[38][39][40] and is still sometimes referred to today as the Centralbahnhof or Basel/Basle Central Station.[41][42][43]

America[edit]

North America[edit]

United States[edit]

In the United States, several "Central" stations were built by railways called "Central", the best known example being Grand Central Station in New York City, is so named because it was built by the New York Central Railroad. Others, however, are not. For example, the new Miami Central Station is being built for Amtrak as the principal and intermodal station to serve rapid transit, commuter rail, intercity rail, and intercity bus services in Miami.

This contrasts with a union station, which, in the past, served more than one railway company (the equivalent term in Europe is a joint station). This is no longer the case, as the government-funded Amtrak took over the operation of all intercity passenger rail in the 1970s and 1980s.

Canada[edit]

Cuba[edit]

South America[edit]

Asia[edit]

India[edit]

Israel[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Sentral is the Malay spelling for the English word central.

Australia[edit]

Africa[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rough Guide to Berlin. Rough Guides. April 2008. p. 363. 
  2. ^ "bahn.com - your online travel booking tool for rail journeys, holidays, city trips and car rental". Deutsche Bahn. 
  3. ^ a b Ernst, Dr.-Ing. Richard (1989). Wörterbuch der Industriellen Technik (5th ed.). Wiesbaden, Germany: Oscar Brandstetter, p. 461. ISBN 3-87097-145-2.
  4. ^ a b Worsch, Wolfgang (2004). Langenscheidt Muret-Sanders Großwörterbuch, Teil II, Deutsch-Englisch , Langenscheidt KG, Berlin, Munich, Vienna, Zurich, New York, p. 504. ISBN 3-468-02126-7.
  5. ^ Rudolf Böhringer German for everybody--and you! 1966 Page 2 "Well, Bahnhof means 'station' just as Hauptbahnhof means 'main station'."
  6. ^ German Dictionary 21st Century Edition. Collins. 1999. 
  7. ^ a b "Hauptbahnhof". Austria: dict.cc GmbH. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "German-English Dictionary English Translation of "Hauptbahnhof"". London: HarperCollins Publishers. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "Translations for hauptbahnhof in the German » English dictionary". Germany: Pons GmbH. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Edwards, Brian (2011). Sustainability and the Design of Transport Interchanges. Oxford & New York: Routledge. p. 149. ISBN 978-0-415-46449-9. 
  11. ^ "bahn.com - your online travel booking tool for rail journeys, holidays, city trips and car rental". Germany: Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  12. ^ "Station profile > Berlin Hauptbahnhof". Germany: Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  13. ^ a b "Business Travel - News from Deutsche Bahn". Germany: Deutsche Bahn. Spring 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Your perfect connections from the airport directly to your destination". Germany: Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  15. ^ a b Centralbahnhof München. Pläne und Tafeln. 1885. 
  16. ^ a b Empfangs-Gebäude für den Central-Bahnhof zu Frankfurt. Wasmuth. 1881. 
  17. ^ de:Centralbahnhof
  18. ^ Search at www.bahnhof.de
  19. ^ "Top 20 der meistfrequentierte Bahnhofe der Welt" (in German). Globometer. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  20. ^ "Hamburg Hbf". www.bahnhof.de. Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  21. ^ See de:Centralbahnhof
  22. ^ Chemnitz Central Station (Centralbahnhof/Hauptbahnhof), 1873 engraving by Strassberger at Buddelkasten. Accessed on 21 Aug 2013
  23. ^ Baedeker Karl (1860). Die Rheinlande von der Schweizer bis zur holländischen grenze: Schwarzwald bis zur Holländischen Grenze., 11th Revised Edition, Verlag von Karl Baedeker, Coblenz, p. 272
  24. ^ Degener, August Ludwig (1908). Wer ist's?, Verlag Herrmann Degener.
  25. ^ Benrath, H. (1901). Die neuen Eisenbahnanlagen und der Centralbahnhof in Hamburg (in German). Neue Börsen-Halle. 
  26. ^ "Hamburg, Central-Bahnhof nach Vollendung, Lithografie" (in German). 1901. 
  27. ^ Karl Müller (1904). "Hamburgs Zentral-Bahnhof in Bilt und Wort" (in German). 
  28. ^ Rundgang durch mehr als 150 Jahre Straßenverkehr in Ingolstadt (1844 – 1999) by Josef Würdinger (2011). (pdf)
  29. ^ Heim, Ludwig; Peters, O (1881). Der Central-Bahnhof zu Magdeburg. Ernst & Korn. 
  30. ^ Heymann, C. (1883). Repertorium der technischen Journal-Literatur, p. 95.
  31. ^ Hessische Landstände, 1. Kammer (1902). Verhandlungen in der Ersten Kammer der Landstände des grossherzogthums Hessen in Jahre..., p. 165.
  32. ^ Hessisches Landessstatistisches Amt (1879). Mitteilungen des Hessischen landesstatistischen amtes, p. 10
  33. ^ Verein Deutscher Eisenbahnverwaltungen (1865). Zeitung des Vereins Deutscher Eisenbahnverwaltungen: Organ d. Vereins, Vol. 5
  34. ^ Bahnhof Oldenburg at www.laenderbahn.info. Retrieved on 30 Jul 2013.
  35. ^ Bergmann, Baurath (1898). Der Centralbahnhof in Osnabrück, Zeitschrift für Bauwesen, Ministry of Public Works
  36. ^ Achim Wörner (30 January 2008). "Der Hauptbahnhof im Spiegel der Zeit". Stuttgarter Zeitung (in German). 
  37. ^ "Mobility & Transport". City of Zürich. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  38. ^ Haddon, J. (1893). The Review of the Churches, Vol. 3, p. v, Christian Union.
  39. ^ Stübben, Joseph (1896). Centralbahnhof Basel: Gutachten des Königl. Baurats Herrn Stübben in Köln über die Beziehungen der Bahnhofs-Projekte zu dem städtischen Strassennetz, Schweizerische Centralbahn-Gesellschaft (Basel).
  40. ^ The Railway Gazette, Vol. 82, p. 602, 1942.
  41. ^ Kunz, Fritz (1985). Der Bahnhof Europas: 125 Jahre Centralbahnhof Basel, 1860 - 1985 ; [Festschr. zum Jubiläum "125 Jahre Centralbahnhof Basel", 4 - 6 Oct 1985], Pharos-Verlag, H. Schwabe. ISBN 978-3-7230-0221-6
  42. ^ Airtrain at the Swiss Air website. Retrieved on 30 Jul 2013
  43. ^ Basel - Location and Arrival at www.swisstraveling.com. Retrieved on 30 Jul 2013