A centralized government (spelled centralised government in British English) is one in which power or legal authority is exerted or coordinated by a de facto political executive to which federal states, local authorities, and smaller units are considered subject. In a national context, centralization occurs in the transfer of power to a typically sovereign nation state.
All constituted governments are, to some degree, necessarily centralized, in the sense that a theoretically federal state exerts an authority or prerogative beyond that of its constituent parts. To the extent that a base unit of society — usually conceived as an individual citizen — vests authority in a larger unit, such as the state or the local community, authority is centralized. The extent to which this ought to occur, and the ways in which centralized government evolves, forms part of social contract theory.
e.g. what is available to consumers and manufacturing organisations is determined through centralization
See also 
- Centralization and decentralization
- Comparative government
- Economic efficiency
- Political theory
- Popular sovereignty
- Individual sovereignty
- Social contract theory
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