Centre Party (Sweden)
|Headquarters||Stora Nygatan 4, Gamla stan, Stockholm|
|Youth wing||Centre Party Youth|
|National affiliation||The Alliance|
|International affiliation||Liberal International|
|European affiliation||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party|
|European Parliament group||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
The Centre Party (Swedish: Centerpartiet, abbreviated C) is a centrist, agrarian and liberal political party in Sweden. The party maintains close ties to rural Sweden and describes itself as "a green social liberal party". The ideology is sometimes called agrarian, but in a European context, the Centre Party can perhaps best be characterised as social liberal, focusing on agricultural, environmental, and rural questions. Long-term key issues have been opposition to nuclear power and proposals to decentralise governmental authority. The Centre Party is currently a minor party in the centre-right Alliance coalition government lead by Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt.
The party was founded in 1913 as the Farmers' League (Swedish: Bondeförbundet). In 1922 it merged with Jordbrukarnas Riksförbund (National Farmers Union). The name of the party changed from Bondeförbundet in 1957. It had then been the closest ally of the Social Democrats for 25 years, and coalition partners 1936–1945 as well as 1951–1957, but has since revised this strategy in order to establish a closer long-term alliance between the centre-right (Swedish borgerlig, lit. "bourgeois" or "nonsocialist") parties, that succeeded the Social Democratic cabinets 1976–1982 and 1991–1994. The Swedish Prime Minister Torbjörn Fälldin was the leader of the Centre Party and Prime Minister in 1976-1982, excepting a short interregnum in 1978-1979 by Liberal People's Party leader Ola Ullsten.
The Centre Party joined a centre-right government once again following the 1991 election, however, this government was led by the Moderate Party leader Carl Bildt. In recent years, the party has changed direction to become a more classical liberal party, which has attracted interest from voters in urban areas. In 2006 the Centre Party was the fastest growing party in Stockholm.
The 2006 Swedish election was a success for the Centre Party. Their support had been slowly increasing through the past elections. In 1998, the Centre Party received 5.1% of the votes, and support increased to 6.2% in 2002. In the 2006 elections, 7.88% of the vote went to the Centre Party, entitling them to 29 of the 349 seats in the Swedish Riksdag. Furthermore, their alliance with the other parties in the Alliance for Sweden, a coalition which won a majority of parliament seats in this election, meant that the Centre Party shared the ministry posts with their Alliance for Sweden allies: the Moderate Party, the Liberal People's Party and the Christian Democrats.
Centerpartiet is a pro-immigration party, and in their campaign for the Swedish general election, 2006, they have proposed to double the number of immigrants entering Sweden to 90 000 persons, or 1 per cent of the Swedish population. This will be facilitated by issuing green cards.
In late 2012, the party began opposing all limits on immigration, such as the requirement for some degree of job skills and a clean criminal record. It supports a plan that would see Sweden's population quadrupled to 40 million inhabitants.
|This article is outdated. (November 2010)|
Centerpartiet advocates a federative model for the European Union, governed by the principle of subsidiarity. The party is against the introduction of the Euro in Sweden, and was a part of the winning no-side in the Euro referendum in 2003.
In the European Parliament the Centre Party is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party.
|Election year||# of
| % of
overall seats won
|1914 (Sep)||1,507||0.2 (#4)||0||in opposition|
|1917||39,262||5.3 (#5)||9||in opposition|
|1920||52,318||7.9 (#4)||11||in opposition|
|1921||192,269||11.0 (#4)||9||in opposition|
|1924||190,396||10.8 (#4)||2||in opposition|
|1928||263,501||11.2 (#4)||4||in opposition|
|1932||321,215||14.1 (#3)||9||in opposition|
|1936||418,840||14.4 (#3)||0||in opposition|
|1940||344,345||12.0 (#3)||8||in government|
|1944||421,094||13.6 (#3)||7||in government|
|1948||480,421||12.4 (#3)||5||in opposition|
|1952||406,183||10.7 (#4)||4||in government|
|1956||366,612||9.5 (#4)||7||in government|
|1958||486,760||12.7 (#4)||13||in opposition|
|1960||579,007||13.6 (#4)||2||in opposition|
|1964||559,632||13.2 (#4)||1||in opposition|
|1968||757,215||15.7 (#2)||3||in opposition|
|1970||991,208||19.9 (#2)||32||in opposition|
|1973||1,295,246||25.1 (#2)||19||in opposition|
|1976||1,309,669||24.1 (#2)||4||in government|
|1979||984,589||18.1 (#3)||22||in government|
|1982||859,618||15.5 (#3)||8||in opposition|
|1985||490,999||8.8 (#4)||13||in opposition|
|1988||607,240||11.3 (#4)||1||in opposition|
|1991||465,356||8.5 (#4)||11||in government|
|1994||425,153||7.7 (#3)||4||in opposition|
|1998||269,762||5.1 (#5)||9||in opposition|
|2002||328,428||6.19 (#6)||4||in opposition|
|2006||437,389||7.88 (#3)||7||in government|
|2010||390,804||6.56 (#5)||6||in government|
Traditionally, many of the voters come from rural areas and quite a few are farmers or small businessmen. In recent years however, since the takeover of Maud Olofsson the party has been attracting liberal voters from urban areas. It is believed that voters from the Liberal People's Party have been moving to the Centre Party due to changes in both parties.
- Erik Eriksson (1916–1920)
- Johan Andersson (1920–1924)
- Johan Johansson (1924–1928)
- Olof Olsson (1928–1934)
- Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp (1934–1949)
- Gunnar Hedlund (1949–1971)
- Thorbjörn Fälldin (1971–1985)
- Karin Söder (1985–1987)
- Olof Johansson (1987–1998)
- Lennart Daléus (1998–2001)
- Maud Olofsson (2001–2011)
- Annie Lööf (2011–)
Current Members of Parliament
|This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (March 2012)|
- Roger Tiefensee
- Karin Nilsson
- Johan Linander
- Kerstin Lundgren
- Per Åsling
- Solveig Zander
- Anders Åkesson
- Annie Lööf
- Annika Qarlsson
- Anders Flanking
- Erik A. Eriksson
- Fredrick Federley
- Kenneth Johansson
- Per Lodenius
- Staffan Danielsson
- Ulrika Carlsson
- Abir al-Sahlani
- Ola Johansson
- Per Ingvar Johnsson
- Anders Jonsson
- Emil Källstrom
- Helena Lindahl
- Åsa Torstensson
- Lena Ek
- Cederholm, Robert; Eliasson, Anders (15 March 2010). "Partierna tappar medlemmar". SVT.
- Slomp, Hans (2011). Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics: An American Companion to European Politics, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 433. ISBN 9780313391828. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- "Allmänna val, valresultat". Statistics Sweden.
- Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
- Svante Ersson; Jan-Erik Lane (28 December 1998). Politics and Society in Western Europe. SAGE. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-7619-5862-8. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
- T. Banchoff (28 June 1999). Legitimacy and the European Union. Taylor & Francis. pp. 123–. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
- Centre Party website
- Så styckas Centertidningar - Reklam & Media - E24.se
- Privata Affärer - Centern blir världens rikaste politiska parti
- Väljarbarometern samtliga
- Allmänna val 17 september 2006
- Centern vill fördubbla invandringen - Sverige - Sydsvenskan - Nyheter dygnet runt
- Aftonbladet - C vill ha helt fri invandring
- "Towards a two-party system? The Swedish parliamentary election of September 2006", Nicholas Aylott and Niklas Bolin, West European Politics, 2007 forthcoming