Centre for Human Rights
|Centre for Human Rights|
|Location||Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa|
|Affiliations||University of Pretoria|
|Website||Centre for Human Rights|
The Centre for Human Rights at the University of Pretoria Faculty of Law, South Africa, is an organisation dedicated to promoting human rights on the continent of Africa. The Centre, founded in 1986, promotes human rights through educational outreach, including multinational conferences, seminars and publications such as Human Rights Law in Africa, The African Human Rights Law Journal, the African Human Rights Law Reports and The Constitutional Law of South Africa. The Centre, which was founded during Apartheid, assisted in adapting a Bill of Rights for South Africa and contributed to creating the South African Constitution. In 2006, the Centre received the UNESCO Prize for Human Rights Education, particular recognising for the LLM in Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa and the African Human Rights Moot Court Competition.
- LLM in Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa – 30 students from African countries are annually admitted to the programme on a competitive basis. The programme is a joint project of the Centre with Makerere University (Uganda), the University of Ghana, the Catholic University of Central Africa (Cameroon), the University of the Western Cape (South Africa), the American University in Cairo (Egypt), Eduardo Mondlane University (Mozambique) and Addis Ababa University (Ethiopia).
- LLM in International Trade and Investment Law – presented by the University of Pretoria and the University of the Western Cape (South Africa) in partnership with the Washington College of Law (USA) and the University of Amsterdam (Netherlands).
- LLM in Multidisciplinary Human Rights
- LLM in Socio-economic Rights: Theory and Practice
- MPhil in Multidisciplinary Rights
- LLD (Human Rights)
The Centre for Human Rights was established in 1986 by a group of teachers and local leaders who wanted to use education as a tool to combat violations of human rights. At this time the apartheid system was at its peak and this was one of the ways that the people could “fight” intellectually against things getting worst. Their main concerts were increased education of violations of human rights towards: women, people with HIV, indigenous, sexual minorities, and other Marginalized peoples . Their purpose or core value was to get closer to human rights through education in South Africa and later expanded to Africa. Members are not necessarily selected, but rather have gone through one of the undergraduate, master’s or doctorate’s degrees. People in the communities that are working for common causes are brought in, there doesn’t appear to be a reason to not accept new people unless they are against human right advocacy or have a history of doing so. The members have an impressive background; many have taken part in liberation movements outside of South Africa, been part of constitution drafting and become international leaders and advocates. The Centre for Human Rights is fairly new and so is still gaining experience and knowledge of the proper way to get policies and government set up as well as international support. When most people[who?] think of non-governmental institutions, the Red Cross would come to mind. It seems like a monumental institution that was built out of hard times, during the apartheid and helped to end it and draft a constitution and come out to be a rather extraordinary group of people that have been a great asset to Africa. In 2006, the Centre for Human Rights received the UNESCO prize for Human Rights specifically for their democratisation in Africa and the Africa Human Rights Moot Court, which is a huge honour and shows that the international relations community is aware of them.
Human Rights Education Projects
- The Advanced Human Rights Courses – series of one-week intensive and advanced short courses covering aspects of human rights
- The African Human Rights Moot Court Competition is an international moot court competition with a special focus on human rights in Africa. The competition is organised by the Centre for Human Rights. Annually, the competition is hosted by a Law Faculty from a different African country. Since its inception in 1992, the competition has had 845 participant teams originating from 125 universities from 45 African countries.
- The Annual African Trade Moot Competition part of the LLM in International Trade and Investment Law in Africa programme. The competition is presented annually alternating between the University of Pretoria and the University of the Western Cape.
Current and former staff
- Johann van der Westhuizen is a judge in the Constitutional Court of South Africa. He was appointed to the bench in 2004 by Thabo Mbeki. He was previously a professor at the University of Pretoria Faculty of Law and the founding director of the Centre for Human Rights. He currently sits on the board of the Centre for Human Rights and the University of Pretoria Council.
- Johann Kriegler is a former Constitutional Court and Appeal Court judge from South Africa. He is currently a board member of the University of South Africa Law Faculty, board member of the University of Pretoria Centre for Human Rights.
- Yvonne Mokgoro is a judge in the Constitutional Court of South Africa. She was appointed to the bench in 1994 by Nelson Mandela. She is a board member of the Centre for Human Rights.
- Kader Asmal was a South African politician. He was a professor of human rights at the University of the Western Cape, chairman of the council of the University of the North and vice-president of the African Association of International Law. He was a board member of the Centre for Human Rights.
- Christof Heyns – Former Director (1999–2006) of the Centre for Human Rights is a Professor of Human Rights Law, Co-director of the Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa at the University of Pretoria and United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions.
- Dire Tladi – Principal State Law Adviser for International Law for the South African Department of International Relations and Cooperation and South Africa Mission to the United Nations. Member of the United Nations International Law Commission.
- African Human Rights Law Journal publishes peer-reviewed contributions dealing with human rights related topics of relevance to Africa, Africans, and scholars of Africa. The journal appears twice a year, in March and October.
- African Human Rights Law Reports is an annual law journal published by JUTA Law on behalf of the Centre for Human Rights. It contains legal decisions of relevance to human rights law in Africa.
- Regional Masters in Human Rights and Democratisation
- African Human Rights Moot Court Competition
- World Human Rights Moot Court Competition
- UNESCO, Human Rights and Gender Equality Section, Division of Human Rights, Human Security and Philosophy. (2006-Dec-11) University of Pretoria's Centre for Human Rights wins 2006 UNESCO Prize for Human Rights Education portal.unesco.org. Retrieved 2008-Sep-22.
- Europe Intelligence Wire. (2003-Jan-07) UNESCO awards Czech film festival One World Retrieved 2008-Sep-22
- http://www.chr.up.ac.za/index.php/about/overview.html Overview Retrieved 29 June 2011
- Centre for Human Rights website.
- "Justice Johann van der Westhuizen". Constitutional Court of South Africa. Retrieved 2008-11-09.
- http://www.whoswhosa.co.za/johann-van-der-westhuizen-5739 Johann Van der Westhuizen Retrieved 25 June 2011
- Constitutional Court of South Africa profile
- "Justice Yvonne Mokgoro". Constitutional Court of South Africa. Retrieved 2008-11-09.
- http://www.chr.up.ac.za/index.php/board.html Centre for Human Rights board members Retrieved 25 June 2011
- http://web.up.ac.za/default.asp?ipkCategoryID=16621&subid=16621&ipklookid=10 Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions Retrieved 27 June 2011
- http://sun025.sun.ac.za/portal/page/portal/law/index.english/departments/public_staff_profiles Prof Dire Tladi Retrieved 28 November 2011
- Introduction, Centre for Human Rights