Centreville, Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the city in Bibb County. For the unincorporated community in Conecuh County, see Centerville, Alabama.
Centreville, Alabama
City
Bibb County Courthouse in Centreville
Bibb County Courthouse in Centreville
Location in Bibb County and the state of Alabama
Location in Bibb County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 32°57′0″N 87°8′4″W / 32.95000°N 87.13444°W / 32.95000; -87.13444
Country United States
State Alabama
County Bibb
Founded 1823
Incorporated 1832
Founded by Sarah Willis Chotard
Area
 • Total 9.6 sq mi (24.9 km2)
 • Land 9.5 sq mi (24.5 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation 253 ft (77 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,778
 • Density 294/sq mi (113.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 35042
Area code(s) 205
FIPS code 01-13672
GNIS feature ID 0159359
Website centrevillealabama.intuitwebsites.com

Centreville is a city in Bibb County, Alabama, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 2,778.[1] The city is the county seat of Bibb County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Centreville has a total area of 9.6 square miles (24.9 km2), of which 9.5 square miles (24.5 km2) are land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 1.52%, is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Centreville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 239
1900 422 76.6%
1910 730 73.0%
1920 793 8.6%
1930 791 −0.3%
1940 893 12.9%
1950 1,160 29.9%
1960 1,981 70.8%
1970 2,233 12.7%
1980 2,504 12.1%
1990 2,508 0.2%
2000 2,466 −1.7%
2010 2,778 12.7%
Est. 2013 2,718 −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
2013 Estimate[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 2,466 people, 953 households, and 684 families residing in the city. The population density was 258.5 inhabitants per square mile (99.8/km2). There were 1,064 housing units at an average density of 111.6 per square mile (43.1/km2).[6] The racial makeup of the city was 75.95% White, 23.03% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.32% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[6]

There were 953 households, of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98.[6]

In the city the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.[6]

The median income for a household in the city was $31,842, and the median income for a family was $43,309. Males had a median income of $32,250 versus $21,654 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,449. About 14.0% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.8% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.[6]

History[edit]

The Cahaba River falls near Centreville, which made the town a strategic location for transportation through the region. The first post office in Bibb County was established in Centreville in 1821. Sarah Willis Chotard obtained a patent for land in this area in 1823 and began moving squatters off the land and laid out a plot for the new town of Centreville.[7]

In 1829, Centreville became the permanent seat for Bibb County after several years of debate and different locations of the county courthouse, and the town was incorporated in 1832.[7] Centreville's historic district is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[8]

1910 lynching[edit]

In 1910, a white woman by the name of Mrs. Crow gave birth to a child of "doubtful color", who was thought by many to be the product of a relationship between Crow and an African American, and she was accused of having such a relationship. At first she vigorously denied it, but then – under intense peer pressure – she confessed to the baby's origin but claimed that she had been raped. When asked if she knew who raped her, Crow gave them the name of Grant Richardson, an African American who lived near the Braehead Slope Mine Camp, northeast of Centreville.

The miners and other local residents were so incensed at the affair that they decided to apply "summary vengeance" to Richardson as soon as they knew that the sheriff had apprehended him.

Deputy Sheriff Cam Riley apprehended Richardson on October 12, 1910, and was returning him to the jail at Centreville for processing and trial, but was waylaid by a lynch mob. The mob took Richardson from Riley and shot the suspect.

Chief Deputy Sheriff Charles Oakley investigated the scene as soon as word of the incident reached him, but other than the body, the shells, and the blood, there was little usable evidence to be found, much less witnesses. A coroner's inquest was held as soon as a special coroner was appointed, but there is no known result of that inquest. This was the first recorded lynching to take place in Bibb County.

It is unknown whether charges of either filing false charges resulting in a murder or miscegenation were filed against Crow, but it is known by those aware of Richardson that he had lived in the area for a number of years with a fair reputation prior to the incident.[9][10]

Education[edit]

Centreville is served by the Bibb County Public School District. Schools in Centreville include Bibb County High School (grades 9 through 12) and Centreville Middle School (grades 5 through 8).

Cahawba Christian Academy is a private school serving grades pre-K to 12.

Media[edit]

  • WBIB 1110 AM (Southern Gospel)

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Centreville city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ Climate Summary for Centreville, Alabama
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Fact Sheet- Centreville city, Alabama". American Fact Finder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  7. ^ a b Ellison, Rhonda C. (1999). Bibb County, Alabama: The First Hundred Years. University of Alabama Press. ISBN 0-8173-0987-X. 
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  9. ^ "Angry Miners Lynch Negro". Montgomery Advertiser. October 13, 1910. Retrieved July 23, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Lynch Negro for Assaulting Woman". The New York Times. October 13, 1910. Retrieved July 23, 2011. 
  11. ^ History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biographies, Thomas McAdry Owen and Maria Bankhead Owen, S.J. Clements Publishing Company: 1921, biographical sketch of Franklin Potts Glass, Sr., pg. 663
  12. ^ http://www.basketballreference.com/players/playerpage.htm?ilkid=JAMESHE01
  13. ^ Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) [1969]. The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th edition ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°57′00″N 87°08′05″W / 32.95°N 87.134708°W / 32.95; -87.134708