Century Tower (University of Florida)

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For other uses, see Century Tower (disambiguation).
Dsg UF Century Tower 20050507.jpg
Century Tower, at the University of Florida
General information
Type Tower
Architectural style Memorial
Location Main campus, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States
Coordinates 29°38′56″N 82°20′36″W / 29.648834°N 82.34329°W / 29.648834; -82.34329Coordinates: 29°38′56″N 82°20′36″W / 29.648834°N 82.34329°W / 29.648834; -82.34329
Completed 1953
Design and construction
Architect William Augustus Edwards
Main contractor Auchter Company
Website
UF Carillon Home Page
Century Tower
Gville UF Century Tower door01.jpg
Entrance to Century Tower
Location Gainesville, Florida
Built 1953
Architect Jefferson M. Hamilton[1]
Architectural style Modified Collegiate Gothic
Governing body State of Florida

The Century Tower is a 157-foot-tall (48 m) carillon tower in the center of the University of Florida campus in Gainesville, Florida.[2][3][4]

History[edit]

Begun in 1953 by the Auchter Company[5] to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the founding of UF's parent institution, Kingsbury Academy in Ocala, it also serves as a memorial for students and alumni who perished in both World War I and World War II.[2][3] It fulfilled the original campus design of the university's first architect, William Augustus Edwards, which called for a Gothic bell tower as the focal point.[6] However, at the time of its completion in 1956, there was no money to buy bells for the carillon. An electronic bell system was given by J.E. Davis and AD. Davis, two of the Davis Brothers who controlled Winn-Dixie. This was used until it finally broke down in 1975. In 1976, $200,000 from accumulated student fees was used to buy the set of 49 bells.[2] A Dutch bellfoundry, Royal Eijsbouts bell foundry[7] designed, fabricated and installed the carillon bells in 1979.[4] In 2002 a major gift from the estate of Larry Allen Webb of St. Augustine, Florida, (a distant relative of President Dwight D. Eisenhower) made possible the addition of twelve treble bells (for a total of 61), revision of the carillon playing action, and provision of a complete studio practice clavier with sound samples from ten major carillons throughout the world. The Century Tower Carillon of sixty-one bells was completed in its present form and dedicated on September 11, 2003.[8]

In 2008 the Century Tower became a contributing property in the University of Florida Campus Historic District which was added to the National Register of Historic Places on April 20, 1989.[9][10]

Perhaps because Century Tower was built soon after the university became co-ed, an old school joke states that every time a virgin graduates from UF, a brick falls off the tower.[11]

About the carillon[edit]

  • It has 61 bells and a range span of 5 octaves.
  • The entire carillon weighs 57,760 pounds (26,200 kg).
  • The smallest bell in Century Tower plays a high C, weighs 26 pounds (12 kg) and has a diameter of 7 18 inches (180 mm).
  • The largest bell, called the Bourdon bell, plays a low A-sharp. It is 5 feet (1.5 m) tall, weighs about 7,000 pounds (3,200 kg) and is 5 feet 9 inches (1.75 m) in diameter.
  • The carillon chimes each quarter of the hour from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. The tune that is played, "Florida Chimes", was written by Dr. Budd Udell, former Chair of the Department of Music at the University of Florida.[12]
  • Students at the university can take a carillon class, where they are required to climb the 194 steps in Century Tower to play the bells for a grade.
  • The carillon is played using 61 keys (or “batons”) for the hands and 25 pedals for the feet. The musician sits in a small room just below the bell chamber.
  • There are fewer than 200 carillons in North America and only four in Florida.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A Guide to the University of Florida Architectural Drawings
  2. ^ a b c A Unique University - Century Tower
  3. ^ a b History of Century Tower
  4. ^ a b McCarthy, Kevin M., and Laurie, Murray D., Guide to the University of Florida and Gainesville, 1977, Sarasota: Pineapple Press, pp. 134-136
  5. ^ Dinger, Ed: "Gale Directory of Company Histories: The Auchter Company" Ask.com, 2003
  6. ^ McCarthy, Kevin M., and Laurie, Murray D., Guide to the University of Florida and Gainesville, 1977, Sarasota: Pineapple Press, p 134-136
  7. ^ "1979 Carillon installation" University of Florida Carillion at Century Tower
  8. ^ Papers of the University of Florida Foundation, 2001-03
  9. ^ National Park Service Weekly Update on July 3, 2008
  10. ^ Gainesville Sun July 16, 2008
  11. ^ http://www.alligator.org/app/pt2/070815legends.php
  12. ^ "A Guide to the Collection of Musical Scores Composed or Arranged by Budd A. Udell" UF George A. Smathers Libraries
  13. ^ "History of the Carillon" University of Florida Carillion at Century Tower

External links[edit]