Cenxi

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Cenxi
岑溪市 · Cinzhih Si
County-level city
Coordinates: 22°55′N 111°00′E / 22.917°N 111.000°E / 22.917; 111.000
Country People's Republic of China
Region Guangxi
Prefecture-level city Wuzhou
Township-level divisions 14 towns
Municipal seat Cencheng (岑城镇)
Area
 • Total 2,783 km2 (1,075 sq mi)
Elevation 107 m (351 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 840,000
 • Density 300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 543200
Area code(s) 0774

Cenxi (Chinese: 岑溪; pinyin: Cénxī; Jyutping: sam4kai1) is a county-level city under the administration of Wuzhou City, in the east of Guangxi, People's Republic of China.

History[edit]

The first state that governed the current area of Cenxi was Nanyue Kingdom, which was succeeded by Han Dynasty, who then established Mengling County on current site of Cenxi.

During Southern Dynasties on A.D. 524, Yongye Commandery was established on current site, whereas during Sui Dynasty on A.D. 583, its administrative level was changed to County.

Later in Tang Dynasty on A.D. 622, it was restructured to Nanyi Zhou (which is subdivided into 3 counties). On A.D. 757, the central county was renamed to Cenxi County, which became the precursor of current name.

During Northern Song Dynasty on A.D. 973, the aforementioned 3 counties were reintegrated into Cenxi County, and then this name was kept going on through various dynasties and states.[1]

Geography[edit]

Cenxi borders with Guangdong and its downtown is 32 kilometres west of the boundary. It situates on Lingnan hügelland, featured with mountains, hills and plains, and its climate is characterised as humid subtropical. The municipality comprises a small downtown core, several rural town centres, and hundreds of rural villages. Agricultural fields and natural forests account for most of the landmasses. The region contains massive and diverse natural occurrence of granite resources. [2]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Cenxi administers 14 towns:[3]

Towns:

Demographics[edit]

The total population at the point of 2006 was approximately 0.78 million, of which ethnic Han people account for 99.6% of the total population. By the records of household registration, 15.8% of the population are non-agricultural, and 84.2% are agricultural.[4]

Language[edit]

The great majority of population speak a vernacular known as Cenxi dialect, a Yue dialect that is moderately related to standard Cantonese (i.e. the Cantonese dialect spoken in Guangzhou) in terms of vocabulary, grammar and phonetics, and remains largely mutually intelligible with other Yue varieties. Compared to standard Cantonese, Cenxi dialect appears to have obvious nasal continuant. Hakka and ethnic minorities' languages possibly exist.

Unlike the plights of Guangzhou and Nanning, Cenxi dialect as a Cantonese variety, continues to be the mother tongue of the majority of Cenxi inhabitants and is still widely spoken on a daily basis. Though Mandarin is set to be the medium of instruction at schools as part of the broader Mandarin Promotion campaign initiated by China's Central Government, thanks to the low immigration rate and relatively isolated geography, Cenxi dialect survives and evolves slowly.

Notable people[edit]

LIANG Fangwu (a.k.a. LEUNG Fong-Ng / LIANG Tiangui / LIANG Tianzhu). Kungfu master in Faat Ga Family of martial arts.[5]

CHEN Jihuan (a.k.a. CHEN Tsai-Wun / CHAN Tsai-Woon). Military general in Second Sino-Japanese War, sacrificed in Battle of Guilin–Liuzhou.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "岑溪概況 The Overview of Cenxi". 新華網 Xinhuanet. Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  2. ^ "岑溪概況 The Overview of Cenxi". 新華網 Xinhuanet. Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:岑溪市" (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-01-03. 
  4. ^ "岑溪概況 The Overview of Cenxi". 新華網 Xinhuanet. Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "佛家拳大師 梁方伍(梁天柱/梁天桂)Faat Ga Kyun master: LIANG Fangwu (LIANG Tiangui / LIANG Tianzhu)". Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "记桂林保卫战中之陈济桓将军 Remembrance of General CHEN Jihuan in Battle of Guilin-Liuzhou". 中国国民党革命委员会桂林市委员会 Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang - Guilin Committee. 

External links[edit]