|Ceramium gracillimum var. byssoideum
100 µm basal part showing rhizoids (arrow)
All species of Ceramium are small algae growing to no more than 30 cm (12 in) in length. They consist of a terete axis of cells surrounded by smaller cells forming a cortex. In most species this a continuous cortex enclosing the axis, in others the cortical cells are arranged only in nodes at the junction of cells of the axes. Species in the genus show irregular branching and are attached by unicellular or branched rhizoids.
Scotland: Orkney and Faroes, Shetland, Ross and Cromarty, Fife. England and Wales: Pembroke, Hampshire, Dorset, Devon and Cornwall, Sussex, Lincoln to Kent, Norfolk also the Channel Isles. Ireland: Cork, Kerry, Clare, Mayo, Waterford, Dublin, Donegal, Antrim and Down.
Some species are probably cosmopolitan. Widely in north-west Atlantic, Iceland, Norway to Spain, Denmark, Netherlands, France, Portugal, Mediterranean, Azores, Canary Islands, Cape Verde Islands, USA - Newfoundland to New York, Australia.
- Maggs, C.A. and Hommersand, M.H. 1993. Seaweeds of the British Isles. vol.1, Rhodophyta Part 3A Ceramiales. HMSO & Natural History Museum, London. ISBN 0-11-310045-0
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