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Bauhinia variegata (Kachnar) in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 1463.jpg
Phanera variegata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cercideae
Type genus
Cercis L.

Subtribe Bauhiniinae

Subtribe Cercidinae

  • Bauhiniaceae Martynov

Cercideae is a tribe in the pea family, Fabaceae. Well-known members include Cercis (redbuds), including species widely cultivated as ornamental trees in the United States and Europe, Bauhinia, widely cultivated as an ornamental tree in tropical Asia, and Tylosema esculentum (Maramba bean), a traditional food crop in Africa. The tribe occupies a basal position within the Fabaceae and is supported as monophyletic in many molecular phylogenies.[5][6][7][8][9][10] At the recent 6th International Legume Conference, the Legume Phylogeny Working Group proposed elevating Cercidae to the level of subfamily within the Leguminosae (Fabaceae). The consensus agreed to the change, but it has not officially been implemented, yet.[11]


  1. ^ Calvillo-Canadell L, Cevallos-Ferriz SRS. (2002). "Bauhcis moranii gen. et sp. nov. (Cercideae, Caesalpinieae), an Oligocene plant from Tepexi de Rodríguez, Puebla, Mex., with leaf architecture similar to Bauhinia and Cercis". Rev Palaeobot Palynol 122 (3–4): 171–184. doi:10.1016/S0034-6667(02)00135-5. 
  2. ^ Some sources treat Lasiobema as a synonym of Phanera.
  3. ^ Sinou C, Forest F, Lewis GP, Bruneau A. (2009). "The genus Bauhinia s.l. (Leguminosae): a phylogeny based on the plastid trnLtrnF region". Botany 87 (10): 947–960. doi:10.1139/B09-065. 
  4. ^ Wunderlin RP. (2010). "Reorganization of the Cercideae (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae)". Phytoneuron 48: 1–5. 
  5. ^ Doyle JJ, Chappill JA, Bailey CD, Kajita T. (2000). "Towards a comprehensive phylogeny of legumes: evidence from rbcl sequences and non-molecular data". In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A.. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Kew, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens. pp. 1–20. ISBN 184246017X. 
  6. ^ Bruneau A, Forest F, Herendeen PS, Klitgaard BB, Lewis GP (2001). "Phylogenetic Relationships in the Caesalpinioideae (Leguminosae) as Inferred from Chloroplast trnL Intron Sequences". Syst Bot 26 (3): 487–514. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-26.3.487. 
  7. ^ Davis CC, Fritsch PW, Li J, Donoghue MJ. (2002). "Phylogeny and Biogeography of Cercis (Fabaceae): Evidence from Nuclear Ribosomal ITS and Chloroplast ndhF Sequence Data". Syst Bot 27 (2): 289–302. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-27.2.289. 
  8. ^ Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M, Sanderson MJ. (2004). "A phylogeny of legumes (Leguminosae) based on analysis of the plastid matK gene resolves many well-supported subclades within the family". Am J Bot 91 (11): 1846–62. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.11.1846. PMID 21652332. 
  9. ^ Bruneau A, Mercure M, Lewis GP, Herendeen PS. (2008). "Phylogenetic patterns and diversification in the caesalpinioid legumes". Botany 86 (7): 697–718. doi:10.1139/b08-058. 
  10. ^ LPWG [Legume Phylogeny Working Group] (2013). "Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades". Taxon 62 (2): 217–248. doi:10.12705/622.8. 
  11. ^ LPWG [Legume Phylogeny Working Group] (2013). "Towards a new classification system for legumes: Progress report from the 6th International Legume Conference". S Afr J Bot 89: 3–9. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.07.022.