In Bob Shaw's book The Ceres Solution (1981), extraterrestrials attempt to use Ceres to destroy Earth's moon thereby removing the effect of "third-order forces" that have been stunting human development since the dawn of civilization.
In The Dune Encyclopedia (1984), Ceres becomes the "Seat of the Empire" (i.e. capital) after Earth is hit by an asteroid.
In Bruce Sterling's novel Schismatrix (1985), Ceres Datacom News is a quasi-national entity networking the communications of the cybernetically enhanced inhabitants of the asteroids.
In Joe Haldeman's novel Buying Time (1989; U.K. title The Long Habit of Living), Ceres is the home of a stateless society, which becomes important because of a secret research project to reinvent the Stileman rejuvenation process.
In the Sailor Moon metaseries (1995), a subset of villains called the "Amazoness Quartet" appear in the fourth arc of the manga and its anime counterpart, Sailor Moon SuperS. The leader of the Amazoness Quartet is CereCere, who is later revealed to be a Sailor Senshi named Sailor Ceres.
In The Unincorporated War (2010) by Dani & Eytan Kollin, Ceres is the capital and command base of the newly formed Alliance headed by Justin Cord.
In James S.A. Corey's Leviathan Wakes, Caliban's War, and Abaddon's Gate, it is the largest colony in the asteroid belt, housing six million people. Ceres' rotational speed had been artificially increased prior to the events of the novels, providing its inhabitants with a weak artificial gravity. Inhabitants of Ceres, and the asteroid belt in general, are referred to as "Belters" and are much taller and thinner than the inhabitants of the inner planets due to the low gravity.
Mundus Cerialis (2012), a novella in the second series of Space 1889 & Beyond is set on and within Ceres, in an alternative history in which mankind are in space during the Victorian Era.
In the SNES video game Super Metroid, a Space colony named "Ceres" appears as the first playable area. It is unknown if it is related to the actual dwarf planet, though it appears to be surrounded by asteroids, implying that it too is in an asteroid belt.
In the PC Star Control series, Ceres Base is the place where formal contact with an alien species (the Chenjesu) is first made. Following the Ur-Quan war, the destruction of Ceres Station by the invading Ur-Quan fleet signifies the defeat of the human race, leading to their subsequent enslavement.
In the PC Game Descent (1995), one of the secret levels takes place on Ceres.
In the PC Game Descent 3 (1999), one of the missions requires the player to extract virus data samples from an underground research laboratory.
In the PC game Terminal Velocity (1995), one of the missions involves the player destroying a machine that would cause Ceres to crash into Earth.