Cernavodă

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Cernavodă
Town
Skyline of Cernavodă
Coat of arms of Cernavodă
Coat of arms
Location of Cernavodă
Location of Cernavodă
Coordinates: 44°20′17″N 28°02′01″E / 44.33806°N 28.03361°E / 44.33806; 28.03361Coordinates: 44°20′17″N 28°02′01″E / 44.33806°N 28.03361°E / 44.33806; 28.03361
Country  Romania
County Constanța County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Gheorghe Hânsă[1] (National Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total 46.69 km2 (18.03 sq mi)
Population (2011[2])
 • Total Decrease16,129
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primaria-cernavoda.ro/

Cernavodă (Romanian pronunciation: [t͡ʃernaˈvodə], historical names: Thracian: Axiopa, Greek: Axiopolis, Bulgarian: Черна вода Cherna voda, Turkish: Boğazköy) is a town in Constanţa County, Dobrogea, Romania with a population of 20,514.

The town's name is derived from the Slavic (more precisely Bulgarian) černa voda (черна вода in Cyrillic), meaning "black water". This name is regarded by some scholars as a calque of the earlier Thracian name Axíopa, from IE *n.ksei "dark" and upā "water" (cf. Avestan axšaēna "dark" and Lithuanian ùpė "river, creek").[3]

Economy[edit]

The town is a Danube fluvial port. It houses the Cernavodă Nuclear Power Plant, consisting of two CANDU reactors providing about 18% of Romania's electrical energy output. The second reactor was built through a joint venture between Canada's Atomic Energy of Canada Limited and Italy's ANSALDO and became fully functional in November 2007.

The Danube-Black Sea Canal, opened in 1984, runs from Cernavodă to Agigea and Năvodari.

The outskirts of Cernavodă host numerous vineyards, producers of Chardonnay wine. The largest winery in the area is Murfatlar.

History[edit]

Cernavodă was founded (under the name Axiopolis) by the ancient Greeks in the 4th century BC as a trading post for contacts with local Dacians.

The Constanţa - Cernavodă railroad was opened in 1860 by the Ottoman administration.

The town gives its name to the late copper age Cernavodă archaeological culture, ca. 40003200 BC.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1912 5,743 —    
1930 6,744 +17.4%
1948 6,100 −9.5%
1956 8,802 +44.3%
1966 11,259 +27.9%
1977 13,608 +20.9%
1992 22,043 +62.0%
2002 20,514 −6.9%
2011 16,129 −21.4%
Source: Census data

At the 2011 census, Cernavodă had 14969 Romanians (92.81%), 463 Turks (2.87%), 374 Roma (2.32%), 106 Lipovans (0.66%), 40 Tatars (0.25%), 15 Hungarians (0.09%) and 162 others.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elected mayors at the 2012 local election" (in Romanian). Central Electoral Committee. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Constanta County at the 2011 census" (in Romanian). INSSE. February 2, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  3. ^ Katičic', Radislav. Ancient Languages of the Balkans, Part One. Paris: Mouton, 1976: 149.

External links[edit]