Cerro Cora National Park
|Cerro Cora National Park|
View of the Park and hills
|Location||Amambay Department, Paraguay|
|Nearest city||Pedro Juan Caballero|
Cerro Cora National Park is the largest protected area in Paraguay with 5,538 hectares. It is located in Amambay Department, 45 km from the departmental capital, Pedro Juan Caballero and the border with Brazil. Established on February 11, 1976, it is a nature reserve, as well as a major historical site. This place was the setting where last battle of the Paraguayan War took place, on March 1, 1870.
The park has several historical monuments, a museum, and a recreation area by the Aquidabán River.
In addition to the historical background, many visitors come to the park to appreciate ancient rock writings located in hill caves around the area.
The Triple Alliance War (1864–1870) ended next to the Aquidaban Nigui Brook, where Francisco Solano López died saying his famous last words, "I die along with my country". Fortunately, Paraguay was not extinguished, as the Marshall announced, but it was deeply ruined after and endless war, that left the country desolated and deprived.
The Park is surrounded by hills. Some of them are Ponta Pora, Guazu, Tacuru Pytâ, Alambique, Cerro Corá, Miron, Tanqueria y Tangaro. These and other elevations give shape to a peculiar landscape.
The Park is located 454 km from Asunción, and 45 km from Pedro Juan Caballero. If one is leaving from Asunción, needs to take Ruta 2, and go until Coronel Oviedo city. There it is necessary to take Ruta 3, up to the connection with Ruta 5. Once there, take the exit to Yby Yau city.
The Park is divided in zones, according to the theme of the place and accessibility. It has guides and guards. There is an auditorium, a visitors center and a recreation area.
In the caves, one can observe the ancient rock paintings that are classified as Celtic, due to the kind and content of the inscriptions. The estimated data of these paintings are between 1300 BC and 800 BC.
Besides these paintings, there are also traces from native indigenous, from the Pai Tavy Tera group.
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- Secretaria del Ambiente (Spanish)